The agriculture of Chhattisgarh.
It is an agricultural state.
The economy of the state is mainly agrarian.
Most of the agriculture in the state is of subsistence type.
About 80 percent of the population here is engaged in agriculture and related activities.
Of the total working population of the state, 55% are farmers and 26% are engaged in agriculture as agricultural laborers.
The agriculture of Chhattisgarh is small-scale labor-intensive agriculture of food grains.
Food crops are grown in more than 75% of the area.
The state of Chhattisgarh is known as the ‘Rice Bowl’ due to the abundant production of rice.
Paddy is grown in more than 60% of the total cropped area.
Shifting agriculture is practiced in the Abujhmad hill region of the state.
Kharif crops are grown in 77% area of the state and Rabi crops in 23% area.
More about the Agriculture of Chhattisgarh
The agriculture of the state is mainly dependent on the monsoon, due to which a situation of famine arises in the absence of rain.
Due to a lack of irrigation facilities and less use of chemical fertilizers, the per-hectare yield of crops is low here. reduction in the consumption of fertilizers
Chhattisgarh’s general knowledge reflects the poverty and lack of enthusiasm of the farmers.
75 percent of the farmers of the state are illiterate and do agriculture in the traditional way.
Only 15 to 20 percent of the state’s farmers use new techniques such as fertilizers, agricultural machinery, improved seeds, and irrigation facilities.
Land structure, climate, soil characteristics, availability of water, population density, etc. are important factors affecting the agriculture of the state.
Adequate possibilities exist for the development of agriculture in the state.
Various types of crops are grown in Chhattisgarh due to the preponderance of agricultural activities for a long period of time.
The major crops in the state are food grains.
Paddy is grown in 60% of these areas.
Apart from food grains, such crops are also produced in the state, which supplies raw materials to the industries.
About 80 percent of the state’s population is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood.
Out of 37.46 lakh agricultural families of the state, 76 percent fall in the small and marginal category, at present irrigation facility is available in about 36 percent area from all the irrigation sources of the state, out of which a maximum of 52 percent of the area is irrigated through reservoirs/canals and 29 percent area comes under assured irrigation through tube wells.
Major crops of Chhattisgarh -Agriculture of Chhattisgarh
It is the most important crop in the state.
The share of paddy in the total food grain production is about 84 percent.
Paddy is cultivated on about 61 percent of the total cultivable land of the state.
Its average production per hectare is about 1005 kg.
Is. Its agriculture is mainly done in the plains of Chhattisgarh.
Durg district occupies the first place in terms of area, where only paddy is cultivated in about 71.67 percent of the agricultural area.
Apart from Durg, Raipur, Bilaspur, Rajnandgaon, Korba, Janjgir-Champa and Surguja districts are major paddy-producing districts.
Due to the abundant production of paddy, the state is called the rice bowl.
The reason for the production of paddy in large quantities is the adaptability of the climate, land, and rainfall of the state.
Due to a lack of suitable soil and irrigation facilities, the production of wheat in the state is low. For this reason, the share of wheat in the total food grain production of the state is only 1.95 percent. It is mainly cultivated in the plains in the state. Surguja, Durg, Bilaspur, Raipur, and Rajnandgaon districts are the major wheat-producing districts of the state.
It is a major pulse crop. Arhar is also known as ‘Tuvar’ in the state. Surguja district of the state ranks first in Arhar production. Apart from this, Durg, Rajnandgaon, Bilaspur, Raipur, Kawardha, Jashpur, Korea, etc. are the major producing districts of Arhar.
The cultivation of Sorghum in the state is very low, about 0.19%. Its per hectare yield is 3.50 quintals. Light loamy soil is suitable for sorghum, but it is also cultivated in red and black soil. Jowar production in the state is mainly done in Mahasamund, Dantewada, Surguja, Korea, and Bastar districts.
Major Kharib crops- Agriculture of Chhattisgarh
Major Rabi crops- Agriculture of Chhattisgarh
Scheme for Agriculture of Chhattisgarh
State In order to promote organic farming in the state, the State-sponsored Organic Farming Mission is being run from the year 2014, and from the year 2016, the Centrally Sponsored Traditional Agriculture Development Scheme is being run.
Earlier the implementation of the schemes was started in 05 districts.
At present, while expanding these schemes to all the districts, a program is being run to make 05 districts Gariaband, Bijapur, Sukma, Dantewada, and Narayanpur fully organic districts,.
and each development block of the remaining 22 districts is fully organic.
Crop demonstrations were organized on 10,990 acres in the year 2019-20 under the Organic Farming Mission and 50,000 acres in the Traditional Agricultural Development Scheme.
In the year 2020-21, the implementation of the Organic Farming Mission on 7.290 acres and the Traditional Agricultural Development Scheme on 50,000 acres totaled 57.290 acres.
Organic farming is being promoted in acres of area.
Aromatic varieties of paddy in the state are Basmati, Badshah Bhog, Dubraj, Pusa Sugandh, Jawfool, Motichur, Jeeraphool, Tulsi-Manjari, Kali Kamod, Loktimanchi, Kaligilas, Tilakraturi ( Green Rice), Maize and small grain crops – Kodo-Kutki, Ragi, Sanya, Kosra etc. and pulses-oilseed crops Arhar, Urad, Moong, Kulthi, Sesame are being organically cultivated.
Godhan Nyaya Yojana”Suraji Gaon Yojana” Through Narva, Garuva, Ghuruva, and Bari conservation and promotion campaign has been started.
Adopting this program full of cultural tradition, the government has taken it as a campaign.
In the year 2020-21, on the day of Hareli in the year 2020-21, 20.07 .2020 “Godhan Nyay Yojana” was launched.
Under this, through Gauthan committees established in Suraji village, Rs. 2 per kg updated 28.52 lakh quintal cow dung from 1.35 lakh cattle herders
Gauthan self-help groups have produced 5,888 quintal vermicompost and 1,540 quintal vermicompost through cooperative societies at the rate of Rs.8 per kg. have been sold to farmers since.
The shifting agriculture practiced by Madiyas
Shifting agriculture done by Hill Madiyas is called Pedda.
‘Kodo-Kutki’ crop is grown the most in Chhattisgarh
In Chhattisgarh, the maximum ‘Kodo-Kutki’ crop is grown in the Bastar district.
Some important questions related to the Agriculture of
Q: The state of Chhattisgarh is called the ‘Dhan Ka Katora’, in which the district of the state, on the basis of area, paddy is cultivated in the maximum area.
Ans: The state of Chhattisgarh is called the ‘rice bowl’. Paddy is cultivated in the maximum area on the basis of the area in the Durg district of the state.
Q: About what percent of the land of Chhattisgarh is cultivated?
Ans: Agriculture is done on about 54 percent of the land of Chhattisgarh.
Q: Where is the country’s first cow urine bank being set up?
Ans: The country’s first cow urine bank is being established in Chhattisgarh. Cow urine refinery and bank were inaugurated at Prithvi Meda, Jalore Badsam.
Q: In Chhattisgarh, what percentage of irrigation is done by canal, the main means of irrigation?
Ans: 70 percent of irrigation is done by canal, the main means of irrigation in Chhattisgarh.
Q: Which is the main producer district of soybean crops in the state of Chhattisgarh?
Ans: Rajnandgaon is the main producing district of soybean crops in the state of Chhattisgarh.
Q: In which block of Chhattisgarh, sugarcane is cultivated in an area of about 2000 hectares by the Agriculture Department?
Ans: Sugarcane is cultivated in an area of about 2000 hectares by the Agriculture Department in Pandariya block of Chhattisgarh.
Q: Which is the maximum soil found in Chhattisgarh?
Ans: Most of the soil in Chhattisgarh is red and yellow soil. It is called Matasi soil in the local language.
Q: In which district is the maximum production of paddy in Chhattisgarh?
Ans: Raipur district has the highest production of paddy in Chhattisgarh.
Important Question of Agriculture of Chhattisgarh
Q: Which is the most productive area of Maize in Chhattisgarh?
Ans: Surguja is the most maize-producing area in Chhattisgarh.
Q: What is ‘Safed Musli’ specially produced in Bastar?
Ans: ‘Safed Musli’ is a herbal medicine specially produced in Bastar.
Q: The fish production center in Raigarh district is –
Ans: The fish production center is in Chhind in the Raigarh district.
Q: Which is the largest pulse crop in Chhattisgarh?
Ans: Tivra is the most pulse crop in Chhattisgarh.
Q: Which festival do the tribals celebrate after harvesting mustard and pulses?
Ans: Korba tribals celebrate the Dhersa festival after harvesting mustard and pulses.
Q: Where is the Central Semen Museum being set up in Chhattisgarh?
Ans: Central Semen Museum is being established in Anjora in Chhattisgarh.
Q: Where is the first milk technology college of Chhattisgarh located?
Agriculture of Chhattisgarh Questions
Ans: The first milk technology college of Chhattisgarh was opened in Raipur in 1883.
Q: Where will India’s first Farmers Training Center be set up in Chhattisgarh?
Ans: India’s first farmer training center will be established in Raipur in Chhattisgarh.
Q: Which is the least irrigated district of Chhattisgarh?
Ans: Bastar is the least irrigated district of Chhattisgarh.
Q: Which festival do the Korba tribals celebrate after harvesting Kutki and Gondli?
Ans: Korba tribals celebrate the Kora festival after harvesting Kutki and Gondli.
Q: Most of the private fish production centers of Chhattisgarh are in which district?
Ans: Most of the private fish production centers of Chhattisgarh are in the Durg district.
Q: The main cigarettes produced in Chhattisgarh are Bristol and Panama, where is Bristol made?
Ans: The main cigarettes produced in Chhattisgarh are Bristol and Panama. Bristol is made in Raipur.
Q: In which district is the maximum millet grown in Chhattisgarh?
Ans: In the state of Chhattisgarh, the maximum millet is grown in the Bastar district.
Q: Where will India’s first Farmers Training Center be set up in Chhattisgarh?
Ans: India’s first farmer’s training center will be established in Raipur.
Q: Chhattisgarh’s first sugar factory is open
Ans: Chhattisgarh’s first sugar factory opened in Kabirdham.
Q: In which district is the Regional Agricultural Research Center Ajirma area located?
Ans: Regional Agricultural Research Center is located in the Ajirma area Surguja district.
Q: Which is the only goat breeding project in Chhattisgarh?
Ans: The only goat breeding farm in Chhattisgarh is Pakaria-Pentra.
Q: Asia’s biggest tamarind market is
Ans: Asia’s biggest tamarind market in Jagdalpur