Arts & Crafts of Chhattisgarh is ancient and deep-rooted.
Chhattisgarh is for ancient art.
Rich ancient in tradition and fine in craftmanship the arts and crafts of Chhattisgarh have been discovered.
The Bastar art has distinctive features.
An area where Handicraft is most widely practiced in Bastar is The kondagaon.
Many products are made such as vessels, jewelry, and some home decor.
The Method is quite simple and also the lost wax technique which happens to be perfect for tribal settings.
They make exotic handicrafts with wide varieties.
Handicrafts formed a valuable cultural trait of society from early civilization.
About Bastar Art
Bastar’s traditional tribal art techniques are famous in tribal art in India.
Prominent among the tribal arts is the art of the Bastars.
The tribal community of Bastar has preserved this rare piece of art for generations, but due to a lack of publicity, it is limited to huts and weekly cottage markets.
Basta’s artistic skills can be mainly in the arts of wood, bamboo, clay, and metal.
In wood art, it is mainly Bastar culture, festivals, creations, creation of works of gods and goddesses, idols of gods and goddesses, and decoration of wooden furniture.
bamboo art, chairs, stools, tables, baskets, mats, and home furnishings are made from bamboo shoots.
Clay art, idols of gods and goddesses, decorative utensils, vases, pots, and interior items are made.
In artistic metallurgy, mainly copper-tin mixed metal castings are made, which make idols of gods, worship tools, idols of tribal cultures, and household items.
Art on wood
Bastar wall products attract the attention of art lovers and connoisseurs worldwide.
artifacts typically depict the rural lifestyle of tribal communities.
The tribes were certainly India’s first metalworkers and still continue the ancient practice.
These tribal artists use age-old metallurgical processes to carve unique scenes of life, nature, and gods into iron.
Their process is simple.
It’s basically forging and forging metal.
Whether tribal handicrafts or folk crafts, crafts from the Bastar region have been able to capture the attention of art lovers from all over the world.
The main reason for this is that the fragrance of the primitive culture of these tribal areas dwells within them.
These craft traditions and methods are very old.
THE FABRIC OF CHHATTISGARH
Kosa or Tussar is commonly in the Raigarh and Champa.
The Kosa is available in kind of styles.
They are block revealed, embroidered, or painted to give their appearance gorgeous.
Silk weaving is the primary handloom enterprise of Chhattisgarh.
These crafts are a critical part of the natives and display the rich cultural legacy of the gifted artists.
Any ride to Chhattisgarh is incomplete without shopping for a superb regional product.
Cotton Fabrics are one of the most appealing handicrafts.
The tribals of Bastar do this art and craft.
The Kosa thread that’s from a Worm in the forest.
Hand weaved is a way of means of tribes who hint their lineage to the 14th century.
Hand printing is usually with herbal vegetable dye.
It is from oil, inside the wooded area of Bastar.
These fabrics encompass cotton fabrics – famous as Bastar Kosa Saree.
Bamboo Art & Crafts of Chhattisgarh
Bamboo thickets are not unusual to place sight inside Chhattisgarh.
The tribals of Chhattisgarh had been placing their craftsmanship to work.
The craftsmanship of Chhattisgarh tribals may be visible from various articles of craft produce they make out of bamboo.
Making premiere use in their wooded area reserves.
the tribes of the nation exercise bamboo craft and create domestic decors.
ordinary merchandise consisting of desk mats, wall hangings, baskets, and desk lamps.
Some of the Bamboo produce encompass agricultural implements, fishing traps, looking equipment, and baskets.
The kamar tribals usually do bamboo crafts.
List of major bamboo craft
This is the most common and most commonly used basket. It is made in many sizes, big and small.
It is woven from bamboo sticks.
Small size basket is called Tukni and big size basket is called Tukna.
Jhaawan / Jhaua
It is a strong basket which is used to carry soil in the fields and throw cow dung.
It is a very small basket, it is called Goddess Durga.
Is offered as an offering.
Mahua fruits are also collected in it.
Khumri / Muda / Khomri
A big cap of bamboo.
Also used to protect from rain and sun.
However used to winnow paddy and other grains.
It is made in many sizes, small and big.
It is a small sized soup only.
Also used in marriage rituals.
Mahua fruits found in many places of Chhattisgarh (like Bastar) are used for drying.
Seed Dwarf It is a very small sized basket in which seeds for paddy plants or dwarf are kept.
Farmers use it while sowing seeds, hence it is called seed dwarf.
These are big baskets in which paddy or other grains are kept
It is a very big basket. It is used to store paddy.
Also used to keep small fish safe after hunting.
It is a very small Akkar hand fan and Parra is like a big plate.
It is used for drying big, bijauri.
Apart from this, it is used in marriage rituals.
It is hung outside the wedding houses. It is made of money and is hung above with the help of bamboo.
It is also like a small sized fan (small hand fan). During the marriage rituals, when oil is applied to the bride and groom, they hold it. Paya Manda is a small piece of cloth in which the bride and groom stand in the wedding hall with both their feet together. Churki is a small piece of cloth which the bride wears at the time of marriage. It stands filled with paddy.
It is an umbrella used to protect from rain and sun.
It is used to sift boiled rice. In Jhampi marriage, the bride’s clothes are kept in it and given as dowry. It is a conical device. It is used for fishing in flowing streams.
BELL METAL (DHOKRA / Ghadwa )arts & crafts of Chhattisgarh
Bastar and Raigarh districts of Chhattisgarh are famous for crafting bell metallic handicrafts.
they use brass and bronze.
Tribes in Chhattisgarh like the `Ghawas` of Bastar and `Jharas` of Raigarh especially exercise this artwork shape, additionally called Dhokra artwork.
This is performed with a misplaced wax approach or hole casting.
The conventional approach of Dhokra is easy however calls for tremendous precision and every product, whether or not it’s far created for everyday use or religious purposes, is complex and detailed.
One of the maximum famous crafts of Chhattisgarh, the distinction of Dhokra appeals to guests from all around the globe and this particular craft represents the nation internationally.
Zaideb Bagel is called the father of pottery.
The Bell Metal Craft of Chhattisgarh, India, is a traditional metalworking art form that has been practiced for centuries in the region.
Bell metal or “Dhokra” or “Dokra,” is an alloy made primarily of brass, which is used to create intricate and beautiful sculptures, figurines, and other decorative items.
This craft is particularly prevalent among the tribal communities of Chhattisgarh, such as the Gond, Maria, and Dhurwa tribes.
Here are some key aspects of the Bell Metal Craft of Chhattisgarh
The primary material used in this craft is the bell metal alloy, which is a combination of brass, copper, and other metals. This alloy gives the finished products their characteristic appearance and durability.
The technique used in crafting Dhokra involves the ancient lost wax casting method. Artisans create a wax model of the desired object and encase it in clay. Once the clay mold is ready, it is heated, causing the wax to melt and leave a cavity in the mold. Molten bell metal is then poured into this cavity. After cooling and solidification, the clay is broken away, revealing the metal sculpture.
Dhokra artisans are known for their intricate and detailed designs. They create a wide range of items, including tribal figures, animals, deities, jewelry, and utilitarian objects like lamps and utensils. The designs often depict tribal culture, nature, and religious motifs.
While many Dhokra items are crafted for decorative purposes, some also serve practical functions. For example, Dhokra lamps are not only aesthetically pleasing but also functional as light sources.
The Bell Metal Craft of Chhattisgarh holds cultural and economic significance for the tribal communities in the region. It provides livelihoods to many artisans and helps preserve traditional craftsmanship.
Dhokra is considered an eco-friendly craft because it does not involve the use of harmful chemicals or modern machinery. The materials used are mostly locally sourced and sustainable.
Dhokra art has gained recognition both nationally and internationally. These beautiful handcrafted items are often sold in local markets, and craft fairs, and even exported to other countries, contributing to the livelihoods of the artisans.
The Bell Metal Craft of Chhattisgarh is a testament to the rich cultural heritage and artistic traditions of the region. It showcases the skill and creativity of the artisans who have passed down their craft from generation to generation, preserving a unique form of metalworking that is deeply rooted in the tribal culture of Chhattisgarh.
Method of bell metal craft
The Bell Metal Craft, also known as Dhokra or Dokra, is known for its intricate and traditional method of casting metal sculptures and artifacts. Here is an overview of the method involved in creating Dhokra artworks:
Design and Wax Model
The process begins with the creation of a design or a wax model of the desired sculpture or artifact. Artisans, often skilled in this craft for generations, use beeswax, resin, and natural fibers to shape the model. This wax model represents the final product and is the foundation of the casting process.
Clay Mold Preparation
A clay mixture is prepared, typically using a combination of clay, cow dung, and rice husk. This mixture is then applied to the wax model, covering it completely. Artisans carefully shape and smooth the clay around the model to create a mold.
Creating the Outer Mold
The clay mold, encasing the wax model, is further shaped and adorned with additional clay details to give the final sculpture its desired appearance. This outer mold is allowed to dry and harden.
Once the outer clay mold is ready, it is heated over an open flame or in a kiln. This process melts the wax inside the mold, which flows out through vents created for this purpose. This leaves behind a hollow cavity in the shape of the desired sculpture within the clay mold.
The next step involves the actual casting of the bell metal alloy, which is typically a mixture of brass, copper, and other metals. The molten metal is poured into the hollow cavity left by the melted wax. It fills the mold completely.
Cooling and Solidification
After the metal is poured, the entire mold is left to cool and the metal solidifies. This can take some time, and the cooling process may be expedited by using water or other cooling techniques.
Breaking the Mold
Once the metal has completely cooled and solidified, the outer clay mold is carefully broken away. This reveals the metal sculpture inside. Artisans may need to clean and refine the metal work at this stage.
Finishing and Patina
The finished metal sculpture is then cleaned, polished, and sometimes given a desired patina or finish to enhance its appearance.
Artisans may add additional details or ornamentation to the sculpture, such as etching or engraving, to give it a unique character.
Completion and Display
The final Dhokra sculpture or artifact is now complete and ready for display or sale. It may be used for decorative purposes, as religious artifacts, jewelry, or functional items like lamps or utensils.
The Dhokra or Bell Metal Craft method relies on the ancient lost wax casting technique, and each piece is unique due to the handcrafted nature of the process. It requires skill, precision, and artistic sensibility, making it a culturally significant and cherished craft in India.
features of bell metal craft
Bell metal craft, also known as Dhokra or Dokra craft, is characterized by several distinctive features that set it apart from other forms of metalwork and make it a unique and culturally significant art form. Here are some of the key features of Bell Metal Craft:
Lost Wax Casting Technique
The hallmark of Dhokra craft is its use of the lost wax casting technique. This ancient method involves creating a wax model of the desired object, encasing it in clay, and then melting the wax to leave a cavity within the clay. Molten metal is then poured into this cavity, resulting in a metal replica of the original wax model.
Every Dhokra artwork is handcrafted by skilled artisans. The entire process, from making the wax model to finishing the metal sculpture, is done manually, emphasizing the craftsmanship and artistic skill of the artisans.
Use of Bell Metal Alloy
Dhokra artisans use a specific alloy known as bell metal, which typically consists of brass, copper, and other metals. This alloy gives the sculptures their characteristic golden hue and durability.
Intricate and Detailed Designs
Dhokra sculptures are known for their intricate and detailed designs. Artisans create a wide range of items, including figurines, tribal motifs, animals, and utilitarian objects like lamps and jewelry. These designs often reflect the cultural and tribal heritage of the region.
Tribal and Folk Motifs
Many Dhokra artworks feature tribal and folk motifs, celebrating the traditions, rituals, and way of life of the tribal communities in Chhattisgarh and other regions where this craft is practiced.
Eco-Friendly and Sustainable
Dhokra is considered an eco-friendly craft as it does not involve the use of harmful chemicals or modern machinery. The materials used are often locally sourced and sustainable, aligning with eco-conscious principles.
Unique and One-of-a-Kind
Due to the handmade nature of the craft and the lost wax casting technique, each Dhokra artwork is unique. Even if multiple pieces are created using the same mold, there will be subtle differences in each piece, making them individual works of art.
Dhokra craft holds deep cultural significance for the tribal communities in Chhattisgarh and other regions where it is practiced. It is often used for religious and ceremonial purposes and is passed down through generations.
Decorative and Functional
While many Dhokra pieces are created for decorative purposes, some also serve practical functions. Dhokra lamps, for example, are both decorative and functional as sources of light.
Dhokra art has gained recognition both nationally and internationally. These handcrafted items are often sold in local markets, and craft fairs, and exported to other countries, contributing to the livelihoods of the artisans and spreading awareness of the craft.
Overall, the Bell Metal Craft of Dhokra is a testament to the rich artistic traditions, cultural heritage, and skilled craftsmanship of the tribal communities in India, particularly in Chhattisgarh.
origin of bell metal craft
The origin of Bell Metal Craft, also known as Dhokra or Dokra craft, can be traced back to ancient India. This traditional metalworking technique has a long and rich history that predates recorded history. While the exact origin is difficult to pinpoint, the Dhokra craft is believed to have been practiced for over 4,000 years.
Here are some key points about the origin and history of Bell Metal Craft
Indus Valley Civilization
Some of the earliest artifacts created using the lost wax casting technique, similar to Dhokra, have been discovered in the Indus Valley civilization sites, dating back to around 2500 BCE. These findings suggest that the craft has ancient roots in the Indian subcontinent.
The practice of Dhokra is closely associated with the tribal communities of India, particularly in the states of Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, and Odisha. It is believed to have been passed down through generations within these tribal communities.
Dhokra art has significant cultural and ritualistic importance among these tribal communities. It is often used to create religious and ceremonial objects, including idols of deities and traditional ornaments.
While Dhokra is practiced widely across India, different regions have their own variations and styles within the craft. Each region may have its unique motifs, designs, and approaches to Dhokra art.
Preservation of Heritage
The craft of Dhokra has played a vital role in preserving the cultural heritage of tribal communities. It reflects their way of life, beliefs, and traditions.
Continuation of Tradition
Despite modernization and changes in society, many artisans from tribal communities continue to practice Dhokra, passing down the skills and techniques to younger generations.
Recognition and Revival
In recent years, Dhokra craft has gained recognition on a national and international level. Efforts have been made to promote and revive this traditional craft, not only for its artistic value but also to provide sustainable livelihoods to artisans.
In summary, the origin of Bell Metal Craft or Dhokra can be traced back to ancient India, with a strong connection to tribal communities. It has survived through centuries and continues to be a vital part of India’s cultural and artistic heritage.
Godna arts & crafts of Chhattisgarh
Godna is likely the maximum pioneering artwork shape, presently practiced via way of means of a handful of girls in Jangala in Chhattisgarh.
Ladies of this village paint conventional tattoo motifs on textiles.
They use herbal shadeation acquired from the wooded area and integrate them with acrylic paint to make it extra strong on fabric.
Wrought Iron (LOHA SHILP)arts & crafts of Chhattisgarh
Wrought iron merchandise out of recognition of the tribes for their environment.
The dexterity of the craftsmen is such that no joints appear withinside the merchandise.
The Loha Shilp or using wrought iron to create darkish uncooked types of metallic artifacts and collectible figurines is every other craft shape of Chhattisgarh.
The fabric for this craft is normally scrapping iron.
The method of production is simple yet effective.
Metal is made pliable by heating in Furnaces.
And then shaping it carefully with a hammer and tongs.
No joints appear in the products.
later a coating of varnish is done to enhance its clusters.
Things like lamps, candle stands, effigies of musicians, toys, collectible figurines, and deities are the everyday merchandise from this craft.
Kondagaon, Narayanpur, and Umargaon villages of Bastar are centers of art.
Ornaments arts & crafts of Chhattisgarh
Jewelry from Chhattisgarh is to be had in quite a few golds, silver, bronze, and metallic.
Ornaments created from beads, cowries, and feathers are a part of tribal costumes.
Tribal women and men put on conventional ornaments.
Terracotta Arts & Crafts of Chhattisgarh
Like in lots of different states, Terracotta is an area withinside the handicrafts via way of means of Chhattisgarh.
Terracotta pottery is the rituals and customs of the tribal.
The art and craft of the nation symbolize their emotions.
Symbolizing the fears and aspirations of the people, terracotta is careful with the customs and traditions of Chhattisgarh.
Terracotta figures are shaped both via way of means of arms or at the potter`s wheel and they depict distinct tiers of human existence.
The areas of Bastar, Raigarh, and Ambikapur are especially for this artwork.
The potters who exercise this craft nonetheless use the historical approach of creating terracotta.
They gather clay from river banks; wreck it; know it and supply them with imaginative forms.
Tumba art & crafts of Chhattisgarh
Tumba is a much less recognized art and craft of Chhattisgarh.
broadly withinside the Bastar region.
So, Art originated with the enormous use of hole gourd shells.
Tribals use them as bins to keep water and salfi.
So, from which this artwork is too inspiring.
Wall Painting of Chhattisgarh
Traditional wall artwork of Chhattisgarh is ritual.
Floors and partitions are painted with colorings.
However, nearly every example of the depiction is related to a few rituals.
Pithora artwork is a not unusual place of conventional artwork shape.
This artwork originated withinside the tribal vicinity of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
Basically, this artwork is at the event of marriages, childbirth, different activities of success of desire, and so on.
Most of that artwork has a horse because it becomes taken consideration auspicious to sacrifice a horse.
In a maximum of those tribal homes, you possibly can discover Pithora artwork.
They are very colorful.
All in all, they only use herbal colorings.
Wood Craving Art & crafts of Chhattisgarh
Basically, Wood carving artwork has been flourishing in Chhattisgarh from time immemorial.
you possibly can discover fantastically carved wood merchandise designed by the craftsman of Chhattisgarh.
The skillful craftsmen of the State carve lovely wood Ceilings, doors, lintels, and so on using of distinct types of wood like shisham, teak, dhudi, sal, and kikar.
The craftsmen additionally make doors, window frames, sculptures, pipes, and masks.
Woodcraft is one of the maximum famous crafts in Chhattisgarh
and its far fame ends in diverse elements of the country.
The tribes in Chhattisgarh to start with used wood as a construction fabric however later, they commenced the usage of it for carving gadgets and carpentry. It caused the emergence of a network known as the Badhais, which became talented in the wooden craft.
Today, Chhattisgarh and wooden craft are inseparable, and complex wooden carvings are regularly visible on doors, pillars, ceiling frames, and fixtures withinside the nation.
Life-length pix of Gods and Goddesses are especially well-known in Raigarh and Sarguja.
The God-loving nation of Chhattisgarh is emotionally and spiritually attached to the sculptures and carvings of its deities.
The tribal stone craft displays their aspirations and offers them a feeling of security.
Other than non secular figures, the artists additionally carve memorial pillars and family vessels.
The art of working with stone is called masonry.
Chhattisgarh’s multi-talented genius Jandaram Sagar has won many awards for his masonry work.
The book he wrote is Dharti Mor Pran.
corundum wood craft
Corundum is machined and polished to create special shapes.
It is common in Chhattisgarh, Gharyaband, Narayanpur, Mahasamund, etc.
Each portrayal in Chhattisgarh is about a ritual or tradition.
These valuable artifacts depict photos of the tribes, their tradition, and their lifestyle.
This artwork could be very unique to the tribes of Chhattisgarh and a quintessential part of every occasion, from infant delivery to marriages.
Tourists traveling to Chhattisgarh are left mesmerized by the sight of those artworks.
they frequently take this part of Chhattisgarh`s wealthy historical past with them.
In Chhattisgarh, baskets made of Chhin, Tendu, Broadsword, etc. are examples of soupa leaf crafts.
People of the Banjara caste of the Bastar region do the work of making wooden combs.
Chhattisgarh is for its special arts and crafts that replicate the simplicity and traditions of the country and its people.
The traditional handicraft of Bastar is very famous among tourists.
By Promoting handicrafts of Chhattisgarh we should reveal the hidden talent of artists.
Also strengthening the Indian culture by escalating it in the global scenario.
So, any talk is incomplete without the handicraft of Chhattisgarh.