Bailadila India’s second-largest iron mine

Bailadila is a very beautiful range of hills located in the state of Chhattisgarh

where iron ore ie iron mineral is found in abundance.


Bailadila produces more than 43 million tonnes of iron ore every year.


Bailadila’s incorporation date is April 1968.

Number of employees

As of 30/06/2021, the total number of employees here is 1600.


The surface of the mountain located here looks like the hump of a bull, due to which it is named “Baila Dila”,

which means the hump of a bull.

Most of the iron ore is found on the top of a hill called Akash Nagar, which is also the highest peak of this mountain range.

To visit this peak and visit it, contact the National Mineral Development Corporation.

Permission also has to be taken From the top of this mountain, beautiful views and green forests can also be enjoyed here.

History of Bailadila Jagdalpur

Here we are talking about deposit number 5 mines of Bailadila.

Where NMDC (NMDC) is producing iron ore for more than the last 6 decades.

NMDC got the iron ore mining lease here in the year 1965 on 672.25 hectares of land.

Later in the year 1993, an area of 130.20 hectares was surrendered to the Forest Department by NMDC.

There was also a township here for many decades.

NMDC produces about 43 million tonnes of iron ore every year from Bailadila alone.

Bailadila mines which were also commissioned in April 1968 have a total of five mines.

India is the fourth largest producer of iron ore in the world after Brazil, Australia, and China.

The quality of iron ore obtained from Bailadila is +66 percent, which is considered to be very good and of high quality.

NMDC is mining iron ore from Bailadila for more than 5 decades.

For this, necessary development and plants needed to be set up in the area identified and marked as Bhandar No. 14 of Bailadila.

For the construction of this infrastructure, the Japanese government provided the necessary technical assistance, heavy equipment, and funds, which were to be adjusted against the iron ore exported.

The scheme was implemented by the National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC).

In those days it was also reported in the newspaper that the Japanese government is bearing the entire cost of exporting iron ore, and it will exploit the iron ore here for 20 years.

Work started here in June 1963. And on 7 April 1968, it was completed in all respects.

The export of iron ore from here had started even before this.

Nowadays, the ore is being exploited even from three deposits.

Exploitation started from Deposit No. 5 in January 1977 and Deposit No. 11 in June 1987.

Mining and Export

The iron ore found here is known as “Float Ore”.

This means that which is found on the surface itself and for whose excavation one does not have to go inside the ground.

The time has come for the entire system of excavation.

Now it comes to its export.

Since this agreement was made with Japan, it was clear that the ore would go through the sea route only.

Visakhapatnam was the nearest port from Bailadila.

Transportation of ore by road was almost impossible, it was very difficult and there was another solution, due to which about 448 km to connect Visakhapatnam port from the foothills of Bailadila.

The provision for the construction of long railway line was also included in this project.

And this was also the biggest challenge, this railway line had to be laid by crossing India’s most ancient Eastern Ghats and mountain ranges.

It is not that easy to make holes, that is, to pierce them.

These rocks of the erstwhile Eastern Ghat mountain range belonged to the quartzite category and had become dilapidated due to weathering over a long period.


Its height was also about 3270 feet.

Certainly, the concept of a broad gauge rail line at such a high altitude in the world was unique in itself.

For which a different kind of project came into existence.

Whose name was DBK Railway Project ie Dandakaranya Bolangir Kiriburu Railway Project.

Under the agreement with Japan, about 2 million tonnes of iron ore was to be exported from Kiriburu, which is located in Orissa, for which three new railway lines were also needed.

But as far as Bailadila is concerned, it is about 27 km from Visakhapatnam.

About 448 km from Kottavalasa to Kirandul in the north.

So, to lay a long line too.

But as we have said earlier, it was not a bed, rather say here that the line had to be hung.

We should be proud this time that our engineers made this impossible task possible, that too in a short period.

The cost of this whole effort was also only 55 crore rupees, which would have cost no less than 5500 crore rupees if it had been done today.

Because three-fourths of the people in the middle would eat and drink.

Inspired by the successful construction of this railway line, it was also thought of building the Konkan railway line on the west coast of India.

The Kirandul rail route from Visakhapatnam to Bailadila was also called the Kottavalasa – Kirandul line.

Nowadays express trains also run from Visakhapatnam.

This railway route has also been electrified since September 1980.

when even the important lines of India could not be electrified.

Due to passing through high hills, the land landscape here is different.

Bailadila Range

The Bailadila Range is a mountain range in the state of Chhattisgarh, India.

It is part of the larger Dantewada district and is known for its rich reserves of iron ore.


The Bailadila Range is a major mining area and is home to several large iron ore mines operated by the National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC).


The Bailadila Range is known for its scenic beauty, with lush green forests and picturesque landscapes.

It attracts tourists and nature enthusiasts who visit the region to enjoy its natural charm.

The area is also home to diverse flora and fauna, including several endangered species.


 More about Bailadila Range 

The Bailadila Range is a hill range located in the southern part of the Bastar plateau in the Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh, India.

It is a prominent geological feature of the region and covers an area of approximately 1,600 square kilometers.

The Bailadila Range is renowned for its rich deposits of iron ore, which are among the largest in India. The iron ore extracted from these mines is of exceptional quality, with high iron content and low impurities, making it highly sought after in the steel industry.

The range consists of a series of hills, with the highest peak reaching an elevation of about 1,276 meters (4,186 feet) above sea level.

The hills are by their unique shapes, which resemble the humps of an ox, hence the name “Bailadila,” meaning “hump of an ox” in the local language.


In addition to its economic significance, the Bailadila Range also holds cultural and historical importance.

The region is home to indigenous tribal communities.

So, including the Gond and Muria tribes, who have a deep connection to the land and its resources.

The tribes have a rich cultural heritage and maintain a symbiotic relationship with the environment.


The Bailadila Range is by dense forests, which are part of the Bastar Hill range.

These forests are for their biodiversity and are home to various plant and animal species, including rare and endangered ones.

The region is a haven for nature lovers.

So, and offers opportunities for trekking, wildlife spotting, and exploring the natural beauty of the area.



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