Chunar Fort of Uttar Pradesh is a historic fort in the Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Here is some information about Chunar Fort

Location of Chunar Fort

 It is on the banks of the Ganges River, approximately 14 kilometers southwest of the town of Mirzapur and about 40 kilometers from Varanasi.

Its location along the Ganges River made it an important fortification for controlling river trade and movement.

History of Chunar Fort

 The fort has also a rich history dating back to ancient times.

It is believed to have been initially constructed by the Gupta Empire in the 5th century and later renovated and expanded by various rulers, including Sher Shah Suri and Babar.


Sher Shah Suri’s Connection with Chunar Fort

 It is particularly famous for its association with Sher Shah Suri, who captured it in 1532 after a long siege.

It was from this fort that he launched his campaign to reclaim Delhi from the Mughals.

The cannon used by Sher Shah Suri during the siege, known as the “Sher Shah Cannon,” is still displayed within the fort.

Prison in Chunar Fort

 Chunar Fort has also served as a prison during various periods in history.

Notably, the British imprisoned many Indian freedom fighters here during the colonial era.


Today, Chunar Fort is a popular tourist attraction due to its historical significance and picturesque location.

Visitors can explore the fort’s various structures, including temples, mosques, and a palace.

The views from the fort are breathtaking, and it’s a great place for photography and history enthusiasts.

Durga Temple

 Inside the fort, there is a Durga Temple known as Chunar Kali Temple.

It is an important religious site and draws devotees and tourists alike.

So, the Fort is a testament to the rich history and heritage of the region and offers a unique opportunity to step back in time and explore its historical significance.

When visiting, make sure to check the local guidelines and opening hours.

Geography of Chunar Fort

Chunar Fort, also known as Chandrakanta Chunargarh, is a historic fort located on the banks of the Ganges River in the Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Here’s an overview of the geography of Chunar Fort:



 The fort is at an elevation that offers commanding views of the surrounding landscape and the Ganges River below. This elevated position was advantageous for defense and surveillance.


 The fort is on a rocky hill, and its architecture is integrated with the natural terrain. The rocky terrain provides a natural defense feature, making it difficult for attackers to breach the fort’s walls.

River Access

 The fort’s proximity to the Ganges River allowed for easy access to the river for water supply and transportation. The river served as an important trade route during historical times.

Strategic Significance

 Chunar Fort’s strategic significance was due to its location at the confluence of several historical trade routes and its control over river traffic on the Ganges. It provided a strong defensive position for rulers to protect their territories and maintain control over trade routes.


 The fort itself is characterized by its impressive architecture, with high walls, bastions, and a sturdy gate. It has various structures, including temples, mosques, a palace, and a cannon used during the siege by Sher Shah Suri.

Natural Beauty

In addition to its historical importance, Chunar Fort is known for its natural beauty. The fort offers panoramic views of the Ganges River and the surrounding landscape, making it a picturesque destination for tourists.

But, geography played a crucial role in its historical significance as a defensive fort and a center of trade and commerce. Today, it continues to attract visitors who are interested in exploring its historical and architectural heritage while enjoying the scenic beauty of the Ganges River.

Legends of Chunar Fort

Chunar Fort is steeped in history and legend, adding to its allure and intrigue. Here are some of the prominent legends associated with Chunar Fort:

Bhulbhulaiya (Labyrinth)

One of the famous legends is about the intricate pathways and tunnels inside the fort, often referred to as the “Bhulbhulaiya.” It is said that the tunnels were designed in a labyrinthine manner to confuse intruders and provide safe passages for the defenders. Some passages were reportedly used for escape or as secret routes. The complexity of the tunnels has given rise to several myths and stories about hidden treasures and mysterious pathways.

Sher Shah Suri’s Ghost

 According to local folklore, the ghost of Sher Shah Suri, the founder of the Suri Empire in North India, is believed to haunt the fort. It is said that he walks around the fort, especially during moonlit nights, guarding the treasures and secrets he left behind. The tale adds an element of mystery to the historical site.

Mark of Mughal Emperor Humayun’s Fingers

 Another legend tells the story of Mughal Emperor Humayun, who is said to have lost a finger while handling a casket of jewels. It’s believed that the mark of Humayun’s finger can still be seen on the stone wall at Chunar Fort, preserving the historical event in stone.

The Cursed Well

A popular legend revolves around a well inside the fort known as “Nal-Ka-Kuan” or the cursed well. It is believed that whoever attempts to draw water from this well will face misfortune or death. This legend has added an element of fear and mystery to the fort.

Tansen’s Music

 Tansen, a legendary musician in the court of Emperor Akbar, is said to have sought blessings and practiced his music in the fort’s vicinity. The legend suggests that Tansen was a disciple of Swami Haridas, and he sought solitude and inspiration at Chunar Fort for his musical performances.

These legends and tales associated with Chunar Fort have been passed down through generations, adding to the fort’s historical and cultural significance. They evoke a sense of mystery and fascination, drawing visitors to explore the stories and architecture of this ancient fort.

History of Chunar Fort

Chunar Fort, also known as Chandrakanta Chunargarh, is a historic fort located in the Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh, India. Its history spans several centuries and includes the reign of various rulers and dynasties. Here’s an overview of the history of Chunar Fort:

Ancient Origins

 Chunar Fort’s history dates back to ancient times. It is believed that the fort was initially constructed during the Gupta Empire in the 5th century AD. The fort’s strategic location on the banks of the Ganges River made it an important stronghold even in antiquity.

Medieval Period

 During the medieval period, Chunar Fort was controlled by various dynasties, including the Guptas, Rajputs, and Mughals. It gained prominence as a key fortification along the Ganges and played a vital role in controlling river trade and movement.

Sher Shah Suri’s Rule

 So, Fort is most famously with Sher Shah Suri, the founder of the Suri Empire in North India.

, In 1532, Sher Shah Suri captured Chunar Fort after a prolonged siege, and it became one of his key military bases. The fort served as a strategic stronghold for Sher Shah Suri and played a crucial role in his campaigns to reclaim Delhi from the Mughals.

Mughal Period

 After the death of Sher Shah Suri, Chunar Fort came under the control of the Mughal Empire. It was used by the Mughals to maintain control over the Ganges and as a military outpost. Mughal emperors like Humayun and Akbar recognized its strategic importance.

Colonial Era

 During the colonial period, Chunar Fort served as a British garrison and a prison. It was used to incarcerate several Indian freedom fighters, including Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi, who was briefly imprisoned here.

Independence and Beyond

 After India gained independence from British colonial rule in 1947, Chunar Fort lost its military significance. Today, it is preserved as a historical monument and a popular tourist attraction, attracting visitors interested in its architectural and historical heritage.


Chunar Fort’s history reflects the ebb and flow of different dynasties and rulers in North India over the centuries. Its strategic location along the Ganges River and its association with prominent historical figures make it a fascinating destination for history enthusiasts and tourists alike.

The architecture of Chunar Fort

The architecture of Chunar Fort, also known as Chandrakanta Chunargarh, is a remarkable blend of various architectural styles, reflecting its long and diverse history. The fort has witnessed the rule of different dynasties, including the Gupta Empire, Rajputs, Mughals, and the Suri Dynasty. Here are the key architectural features of Chunar Fort:

Location and Layout of Chunar Fort

 Chunar Fort is strategically located on a rocky hill on the southern bank of the Ganges River. Its elevated position provided a natural defense advantage. The fort’s layout is characterized by a series of walls, bastions, and gateways designed to make it impregnable.

High Walls of Chunar Fort

 The fort is surrounded by high stone walls that were constructed to protect it from external threats. These walls are made of massive stone blocks and have withstood the test of time.

Bastions and Watchtowers

 Chunar Fort has several bastions and watchtowers strategically placed along the walls. These structures provided vantage points for sentinels to keep watch over the surrounding area and defend against attacks.


 The main entrance of the fort features a substantial gateway, often referred to as the “Sher Shahi Darwaza” or the “Lakhauri Gate.” This gate is adorned with intricate designs and motifs.

Temples and Mosques

 Within the fort, there are several temples and mosques that reflect the religious diversity of the region. The Chunar Kali Temple, dedicated to Goddess Kali, is a prominent religious structure within the fort.


 Chunar Fort also houses a palace that was used by various rulers. The palace includes courtyards, chambers, and balconies, showcasing the architectural grandeur of its time.


 The fort is famous for a well-preserved cannon known as the “Sher Shah Cannon.” This massive cannon was used during the siege of the fort by Sher Shah Suri and is a significant historical artifact.


 The fort is said to have a network of tunnels and underground passages, some of which are believed to lead to secret escape routes. These tunnels are part of the fort’s lore and add an element of mystery.

Natural Features

 The fort’s architecture also incorporates the natural rock formations and landscape of the hill on which it is situated. The rocky terrain is integrated into the fort’s defensive structures.

Chunar Fort’s architecture reflects the influence of different periods and dynasties that have ruled the region. Its impressive construction, strategic design, and historical significance make it a captivating destination for history enthusiasts and tourists interested in exploring India’s architectural heritage.


The best time to visit Chunar fort

The best time to visit Chunar Fort in Uttar Pradesh, India, is during the winter and post-monsoon seasons, as the weather is pleasant and suitable for outdoor exploration. Here are the recommended times to visit:

Winter (October to February)

 The winter months offer the most comfortable weather for exploring historical sites like Chunar Fort. The temperatures are mild, ranging from around 10°C to 25°C (50°F to 77°F), making it ideal for sightseeing during the day. The evenings can be cooler, so carrying a light jacket or shawl is advisable.

Post-Monsoon (September to November)

Just after the monsoon season, the landscape is lush and vibrant. The rains have cleared the air and left everything looking fresh and green. September and October can still be a bit humid, but as November approaches, the weather becomes more pleasant.

Spring (February to April)

 Spring is another good time to visit, especially during February and March when the weather is gradually warming up, and the flora starts to bloom. Temperatures are moderate, making it enjoyable for sightseeing.

It’s advisable to avoid visiting during the scorching summer months (May to June) when temperatures can soar above 40°C (104°F), making outdoor activities uncomfortable and potentially hazardous. Additionally, the monsoon season (July to September) can be hot and humid, with heavy rainfall at times, which might hinder sightseeing and outdoor activities.

Before planning your trip, always check the current weather forecasts and local conditions to ensure a pleasant and safe visit to Chunar Fort.

how to reach Chunar Fort

Chunar Fort is located in the Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh, India, and also connection to various nearby cities and towns. Here are the common ways to reach Chunar Fort:

By Air

The nearest major airport to Chunar Fort is Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport (VNS) in Varanasi, which is approximately 55-60 kilometers away from Chunar. You can fly to Varanasi from major Indian cities and then continue your journey to Chunar by road.

By Train

The nearest railway station to Chunar Fort is the Chunar Railway Station (CAR). It’s a small railway station, and not all trains may stop here. The more well-connected railway station is the Mirzapur Junction (MZP), which is around 20 kilometers away from Chunar. You can take a train to Mirzapur Junction and then hire a taxi or take a bus to reach Chunar Fort.

By Road


You can reach Chunar by road from places like Varanasi, Allahabad (Prayagraj), and Mirzapur. State and private buses operate on these routes, or you can hire a taxi or drive to Chunar if you prefer a more flexible schedule.

Local Transport

Once you arrive in Chunar, you can hire local auto-rickshaws or taxis to reach Chunar Fort. The fort is on a hill, and you may need to trek up a bit, so wear comfortable shoes.

Please note that travel options and routes may change, and it’s always a good idea to check the latest transportation information and confirm routes and schedules, especially if you plan to visit during a specific season or festival.

Places near Chunar fort

Chunar Fort is in the Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

It is full of several interesting places and attractions that you can visit during your trip. Here are some places near Chunar Fort:

Vijaygarh Fort

So, Vijaygarh, this historic fort is on a hill and offers panoramic views of the Ganges River.

It’s about 12 kilometers from Chunar Fort and its architectural and historical significance.

Vindhyachal Dham

 Vindhyachal Dham is a major pilgrimage site of the Vindhyavasini Devi Temple.

It’s approximately 30 kilometers from Chunar Fort and attracts a large number of devotees.

Sita Kund

 Sita Kund is a pond near Vindhyachal, believed to be the place where Sita, the wife of Lord Rama, took a bath during her exile. It’s a serene spot with religious significance.

Chopan Forest Reserve

 However, around 50 kilometers from Chunar Fort, the Chopan Forest Reserve is a great place for nature enthusiasts. It is lush greenery and diverse wildlife.

Wyndham Falls (Vijaygarh Falls)

 These waterfalls are about 10 kilometers from Chunar Fort and offer a tranquil setting for picnics and relaxation.

Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary

 Situated approximately 60 kilometers from Chunar Fort, the Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary is home to various species of flora and fauna. It’s a good place for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers.


 Chakia is a town located about 30 kilometers from Chunar, known for its historical and religious significance. It’s home to various temples and shrines.

Chunar Sandstone Caves

 These caves are of the sandstone hills and are believed to have been used by Buddhist monks for meditation. They are an interesting archaeological site and are located close to Chunar Fort.


 The city of Mirzapur is approximately 20 kilometers from Chunar Fort and offers several attractions, including the Vindhyavasini Devi Temple, Ramghat, and the famous carpet and rug industry.


 While not very close, Varanasi is one of the most iconic and spiritual cities in India, about 60 kilometers from Fort. You can explore the ghats along the Ganges, visit historic temples, and experience the cultural richness of the city.

When planning your visit to these places near Chunar Fort, consider the distance, local transportation options, and the time required to explore each location. Additionally, check for any specific attractions or events happening during your visit to make the most of your trip.

You might also enjoy:

Leave A Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *