Climate of Chhattisgarh
It is the average weather of a large geographical area that persists over a long period of time.
In other words, if any type of average weather in an area persists for a long time, then it is called the climate of that area.
Atmospheric pressure, humidity, temperature, etc. are the main components of climate.
It is in the Centre of India With a tropical monsoon climate.
Chhattisgarh is on the Cancer Line (23% north latitude), due to which tropical type of weather is here.
Chhattisgarh, being a landlocked state, has a tropical sub-humid continental climate with rainfall from the southwest monsoon.
the Tropic of Cancer passes through Balrampur, Surajpur, and Korea districts in the northern part of the state.
Due to its location on the Tropic of Cancer, it is a hot part, being away from the sea it is away from the balancing effect.
Features of the climate of Chhattisgarh
The mainly tropical monsoon climate is in Chhattisgarh.
The distribution of climate in Chhattisgarh is through the subcontinent
23.30 The northern latitude (Tropic of Cancer) passes through the northern districts of the state, Korea, Surajpur, and Balrampur.
While 82.30 east longitude which is the mean line of India, passes through Chhattisgarh.
The monsoon usually arrives in Chhattisgarh in the middle of – 10 – 15 June.
Due to passing through the Tropic of Cancer, Chhattisgarh experiences hot summers and moderately cold winters.
The average rainfall (annual) in Chhattisgarh is – 1300 -1325 mm.
Chhattisgarh is a landlocked state. For this reason, the climate here is of the continental type.
Chhattisgarh’s highest rainfall area i.e. Cherrapunji-Abujhmad of Chhattisgarh
Minimum rainfall area of Chhattisgarh – Mekal Range (Kawardha)
The factors affecting the climate of Chhattisgarh are as follows-
distance from equator
distance to sea
Altitude above sea level
airflow from sea to land
vegetation and soil
mountain range direction
Summers in Chhattisgarh are hot and dry.
After March 21, the rays of the sun fall vertically in the northern hemisphere, due to which the temperature increases.
It is scorching hot in April and May and humid from July to October due to clouds.
The month of May is the hottest, the maximum temperature is in Champa and Raigad.
The hottest place is Champa.
The winters here are cold and dry.
After September 21, the position of the Sun starts to turn southward, and the rays of the Sun start falling obliquely.
It is coldest in December and January
Pendra, Mainpat, and Jashpur, situated in hilly areas, are the areas with the lowest temperature, this is due to high altitude and forest cover.
The nature of rainfall in Chhattisgarh is monsoon, and the rainy season is hot and humid.
90 per cent of the rainfall is by the southwest monsoon winds.
On June 21, there is a vertical position of the Sun near the Tropic of Cancer, due to which there is an increase in heat and temperature, and a condition of low air pressure is created.
Monsoon winds are attracted from the southern part of the Indian Ocean and it rains.
The average rainfall in the state is about 120-125 cm. m. it occurs.
In Chhattisgarh, there is minimum rainfall near the Maikal mountain range, which is called the rain shadow region, Rajnandgaon, and Kawardha district.
Bhanupratappur and Jashpur tehsils have the highest average annual rainfall.
District wise highest rainfall is in Jashpur
The lowest rainfall occurs in the Kawardha district.
Abujhmad of Narayanpur district is the rainiest area of the state.
Features of the climate of Chhattisgarh in short
Climate spread in Chhattisgarh
Monsoon entry in Chhattisgarh
between June 10 and June 15
The coldest place in Chhattisgarh
The hottest place in Chhattisgarh
Cherrapunji of Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh’s winter rainfall
from western troughs
Chhattisgarh receives most of its monsoon rainfall from
the Bay of Bengal branch
Less rainfall in Chhattisgarh
Maikal Range (Kawardha)
Average annual rainfall of Chhattisgarh
CG Summer Season
Duration – 16 February to 15 June
Hot and dry winds prevail in the second half of May and the first half of June.
Highest average temperature
parts of Raigarh and Janjgir districts
CG Rainy Season
16 June to 15 October
between June 10 and June 15
Source of Rain
90% of the state’s rainfall occurs in this season.
From South-West Monsoon
1300 to 1325 mm.
– 125 cm.
Monsoon Branch Ch.
The rainfall mainly comes from the south-west monsoon,
CG Winter Season
16 October to 15 February
from the Western Trough