Climate of Chhattisgarh

It is the average weather of a large geographical area that persists over a long period of time.

In other words, if any type of average weather in an area persists for a long time, then it is called the climate of that area.

Atmospheric pressure, humidity, temperature, etc. are the main components of climate.

It is in the Centre of India With a tropical monsoon climate.

Chhattisgarh is on the Cancer Line (23% north latitude), due to which tropical type of weather is here.

Chhattisgarh, being a landlocked state, has a tropical sub-humid continental climate with rainfall from the southwest monsoon.

the Tropic of Cancer passes through Balrampur, Surajpur, and Korea districts in the northern part of the state.

Due to its location on the Tropic of Cancer, it is a hot part, being away from the sea it is away from the balancing effect.

Features of the climate of Chhattisgarh

The mainly tropical monsoon climate is in Chhattisgarh.

The distribution of climate in Chhattisgarh is through the subcontinent

23.30 The northern latitude (Tropic of Cancer) passes through the northern districts of the state, Korea, Surajpur, and Balrampur.

While 82.30 east longitude which is the mean line of India, passes through Chhattisgarh.

The monsoon usually arrives in Chhattisgarh in the middle of – 10 – 15 June.

Due to passing through the Tropic of Cancer, Chhattisgarh experiences hot summers and moderately cold winters.

The average rainfall (annual) in Chhattisgarh is – 1300 -1325 mm.

Chhattisgarh is a landlocked state. For this reason, the climate here is of the continental type.

Chhattisgarh’s highest rainfall area i.e. Cherrapunji-Abujhmad of Chhattisgarh

Minimum rainfall area of Chhattisgarh – Mekal Range (Kawardha)

The factors affecting the climate of Chhattisgarh are as follows-

distance from equator

distance to sea

Altitude above sea level

airflow from sea to land

vegetation and soil

Ocean current

mountain range direction

Summer season 

Summers in Chhattisgarh are hot and dry.

After March 21, the rays of the sun fall vertically in the northern hemisphere, due to which the temperature increases.

It is scorching hot in April and May and humid from July to October due to clouds.

The month of May is the hottest, the maximum temperature is in Champa and Raigad.

The hottest place is Champa.

Winter Seasons 

The winters here are cold and dry.

After September 21, the position of the Sun starts to turn southward, and the rays of the Sun start falling obliquely.

It is coldest in December and January

Pendra, Mainpat, and Jashpur, situated in hilly areas, are the areas with the lowest temperature, this is due to high altitude and forest cover.

Rainy Seasons 

The nature of rainfall in Chhattisgarh is monsoon, and the rainy season is hot and humid.

90 per cent of the rainfall is by the southwest monsoon winds.

On June 21, there is a vertical position of the Sun near the Tropic of Cancer, due to which there is an increase in heat and temperature, and a condition of low air pressure is created.

Monsoon winds are attracted from the southern part of the Indian Ocean and it rains.

The average rainfall in the state is about 120-125 cm. m. it occurs.

In Chhattisgarh, there is minimum rainfall near the Maikal mountain range, which is called the rain shadow region, Rajnandgaon, and Kawardha district.

Bhanupratappur and Jashpur tehsils have the highest average annual rainfall.

District wise highest rainfall is in Jashpur

The lowest rainfall occurs in the Kawardha district.

Abujhmad of Narayanpur district is the rainiest area of the state.


Features of the climate of Chhattisgarh in short

Climate spread in Chhattisgarh 


Monsoon entry in Chhattisgarh

between June 10 and June 15

The coldest place in Chhattisgarh 

Mainpat (Surguja)

The hottest place in Chhattisgarh 


Cherrapunji of Chhattisgarh 

Abujhmad (Narayanpur)

Chhattisgarh’s winter rainfall

from western troughs

Chhattisgarh receives most of its monsoon rainfall from

the Bay of Bengal branch

Less rainfall in Chhattisgarh 

Maikal Range (Kawardha)

Average annual rainfall of Chhattisgarh

1300-1325 mm.

CG Summer Season

Duration – 16 February to 15 June

Hottest month 


Hot and dry winds prevail in the second half of May and the first half of June.

Hottest place 


Highest average temperature 

parts of Raigarh and Janjgir districts

CG Rainy Season


16 June to 15 October

Monsoon entry 

between June 10 and June 15

Source of Rain 

90% of the state’s rainfall occurs in this season.


From South-West Monsoon

Average rainfall 

1300 to 1325 mm.
– 125 cm.

Monsoon Branch Ch.

The rainfall mainly comes from the south-west monsoon,

CG Winter Season 


16 October to 15 February

Winter rains 

from the Western Trough

Coldest place 


Coldest month


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