Get to know about the folk dance of Chhattisgarh which includes the Main folk dance of Chhattisgarh such as Saila Dance, Karma, Sua Nacha, Panthi Dance, Raut Nacha, Gendi, etc.

To perform the Folk dance of Chhattisgarh, people use various instruments, such as Dholak, Manjira, Mandar, etc.


It is one of the ancient states of India.

Chhattisgarh borders are also associated with the states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana.

Varieties of dance forms are immersed in the Chhattisgarhi culture.

mainly due to the number of tribes residing in the vast expanse of the state.

The state’s tribal population has developed many native indigenous folk performances of their cultural beliefs.

The dance of Chhattisgarh has its own quality and identification.

The dance and stories play an important role in the enhancement of Chhattisgarh.

The stories of Chhattisgarh have more importance.

 So, Special costumes and accessories use and the fast movements combined with perfect timing will leave you mesmerized.


Saila or danda Folk Dance of Chhattisgarh

Saila Dance

Saila dance or danda dance is one of the unique folk dances popular in the Chhattisgarhi tribes.

That’s done after the harvest of the crop

However, After the harvest season, boys perform this dance form.

Mainly, it is male dance.

This stick dance also involves children who move in various styles.

while tapping their sticks against the stick of the person next to them.

Villagers give paddy to people who participate in the dance as a sign of gratitude. But, the climax of this unique dance form is generally a snake dance.

The pinnacle of this interesting gait structure is usually a snake dance.

Dress

The red-yellow kurtas – saris, black jackets, and dhoti of the artists supply a nice picture.

The feet tremble in gaiety at the sounds emanating from the dhol, timki, and gudumb instruments, as though all of the happiness has been found.

Firstly, they pray Thakur Dev, and after that Maa Saraswati, Lord Ganesha, and Lord Ram.

Women additionally participate withinside the dance.

The dancers keep sticks in their hands, which they dance through gambling with fellow performers.

On the event of Holi, the temper of amusement is different.

The month of Phagun has now no longer come to give up that withinside the villages.

The songs mingling withinside the air with amusement and exhilaration all around…

Festivals are the most effective and important part of our subculture however additionally an artwork of living.

After hard days, worn-out thoughts wish relaxation in addition to entertainment, that too so that it will fill it with enthusiasm.


Karma Folk Dance of Chhattisgarh

Folk dance of Chhattisgarh

Generally performed by tribal groups like Gonds, Baigas, and Oraons in Chhattisgarh.

So, dance is to make happy karma dev.

This dance form marks the end of the rainy season and the advent of spring.

Both men and women participate in the dance following a lead singer.

The unexplored beauty of the region is complete without the camaraderie of tribal popular culture.

 But After fasting on the Ekadashi of Bhadon month, a branch of the Karam tree is planted in the courtyard or Chaugan of the house.

It is only after the offering of new to the deity on the second day that its consumption begins.

Karma dance is to celebrate the arrival of a new crop.

Baiga karma, Gond karma, and Buiya Karma tribe dance are famous.

This dance is in performing in every season except the rainy season.

symbol of culture

This dance is synonymous with the folk culture of Chhattisgarh.

This is the folk dance of all the tribals and non-tribals of Chhattisgarh.

Karma dance is also in remote villages between the Satpura and Vindhya mountain ranges.

Celebration of this dance is mostly in the Bastar region.

In a folk dance of Chhattisgarh, the incarnation of ‘Karamseni Devi’ is believed to be in the house of Gonds.

types of karma dance

Although there are many styles of Karma dance, five styles are prevalent in Chhattisgarh, which are Jhumar, Langra, Thadha, Lahki, and Khemta.

Attire

A peacock feather with a shell in the headband is necessary.

Rupiya, sutila,bahta and the waistband is also worn by a woman.

Churaa and bahatta in hand bring a tribal look.

Musical instrument

Mandar, dhol manjira is a major instrument.

timki and Mohri are also part of the dance

 

 

 


Sua Nacha

Folk dance of Chhattisgarh | Sua Nacha

Usually called a parrot dance.

It is a group dance that starts from Diwali till the Aghan month of the Hindu calendar.

So, During Goura’s wedding and Diwali, this dance brings enthusiasm to people

Women of the devaar tribe perform this dance.

The artists also sing and move, accompanied by loud applause.

 Firstly, the women perform this dance and while doing so, keep a clay parrot in the center.

The parrot represents Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.

Famous poet Mukutdar Pandey gives the title of “Garba of Chattisgarh”.


Pandavani

Pandavani | Folk dance of Chhattisgarh

It is the dark horse of the Chhattisgarh folk dance.

 Pandwani is a Chhattisgarhi folk singing style.

Pandavvani – meaning Pandava Katha.

But, Portray the account of Pandavas, the main character of an epic battle.

It tells the story of the Pandavas of the epic Mahabharata, in which Bhima is the main character.

These stories are the singing tradition of the Pardhan and Devar castes of Chhattisgarh.

Pardhan is a sub-caste of Gond and Dewar is a Dhumantu caste.

There is a difference in the dialect and instruments of these two castes.

The story reader of the Pardhan caste or the narrator has a “kinkni” in the hands and a runjhu in the hands of the devas.

The credit of bringing Pandwani fame in today’s context goes to the well-known artist Teejan Bai.

The Kapalik style exists in the memory or “kapal” of the singer.

The famous singers of the Kapalik style are Teejanbai, Shantibai Chelkane, and Usha Bai Barle.

Vedamati style sings Pandwani while sitting on Virasana posture.

Cast singers

Teejan Bai, Khublal Yadav, Jena Bai, Atu Verma, Ramadhar Sinha, Laxmi Sahu, Phool Singh Sahu, Prabha Yadav, Some Shasri, Punia Bai

Teejan Bai from Chhattisgarh is one of Pandvani’s most famous artists.

she has also received various awards like Padma Shri, Padma Bhushan, etc.


Panthi Folk Dance

Folk dance of Chhattisgarh

Panthi dance is very visual in its depiction.

It is also a famous folk dance of Chhattisgarh.

This Dance is one of the most vital forms of folk dance in this locale.

A prominent custom of the Satnami community of Chhattisgarh.

The community also celebrates the anniversary of the birth of Guru Ghasidas in Maghi Purnima.

The rich cultural heritage and traditional legacies of the tribal groups.

The Durg represents this form of dance.

The dance also combines a variety of steps and patterns and generally denotes the teachings and sayings of its holy master.

Moreover, The dancers wear colorful dresses and sing praises to the “guru”.

Likewise, A group of men builds a pyramid formation as the group leader sings.

A famous dancer of this dance was the late Devdas Banjara.


Raut Nacha

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Raut Nacha or Cowherds Folk Dance. Firstly dance commences in Bilaspur.

However, Chhattisgarh’s cowboys are the main artists of it.

The Yadava / Yaduvanshis, a Chhattisgarh caste, are descendants of Krishna.

Therefore, the scenes show the fierce fight between King Khansa and the cowboys in that area. But The cowboy Yadavs represent Lord Krishna as their almighty.

It reinforces the ancient truth of the triumph of good over evil.

As per the Hindu calendar, on the 11th day after the Deepawali dance takes place.

The dance is on ‘dev udhni Ekadashi’.

It is a strong belief that during the auspicious ‘tithi’ the god is awake.


Jhirliti Folk Dance of Chhattisgarh

JhirlitiJhirliti

One of the famous Bastar dances is a Jhirliti.

But, A lesser-known dance form, is difficult to classify as an established dance form due to the lack of a fixed pattern.

Halloween is a ritual, and children in the Bastar region also play.

During the sun goes down, the children dress in rags and worn-out costumes.

So, Their faces become nothing less than a canvas with chalk, charcoal, and powdered rangoli spread on it.

Similarly, they dance in circles in front of all the houses in the town, after which they are given ration as a sign of gratitude for the dance, and yes,

Bur Its genuine effect can as it was be seen to be experienced!


Gendi Folk Dance

Gendi

In all of the dance forms, Gendi is pure fun.

This is a special dance of the Muria tribe of Bastar. 

It is a male-dominated dance.

 In this, both the dancers play Timki and 8-10 youths surround them and dance with a rhythmic motion by climbing on Gandi. 

No song is sung in this dance. 

The dancers combine a variety of exotic and difficult postures with the help of gandi bamboo. 

It is completely a dance of balance.

 Raah is a very popular dance of the Madiya tribe of Bastar.

The dancers are mounted on two long bamboo poles or on any firm pole and also maneuver through the crowd of other Gendi (pole) mounted dancers.

Banging on the ground, keeping an excellent balance while swaying with tribal acoustics and percussions.

Further, this is an amazing folk dance that has managed to keep its tradition alive.

So, dance is performed by maintaining physical balance on wooden sticks along with foot operation.

Usually, the Gendi dance takes place in the month of June to August.

The dancers who perform the dance have a cowrie-studded belt tied around their waist.

This dance gets louder with the beats of traditional folk instruments.

The instruments of this dance are Mandar, Shehnai, Chatkula, Duff, Timki, and Singh Baja.


Rahas Dance

The Rahas dance is famous during festivals in Chhattisgarh.

Rahas DanceIt is an important folk dance performed in the Dhamtari district of the state.

Rural people represent the dance with great enthusiasm wearing traditional hats and costumes.

The central theme of the dance is Rasa Lila of Krishna and her abode Radha.


Kaksar Dance

Kaksar dance is performed by the Abhujmaria tribe of Bastar.
 
The dance is done to invoke Kaksar the deity.
It is basically a Jatra dance
 
The dancers tie tinkling bells of various sizes on their waists.

However, the lads and ladies carry out this dance and it gives the opportunity to single ones to pick out their existing companions.

Kaksar Dance is a group dance in which the performance is executed by young boys and girls.

 
The dress worn by men is a peculiar-looking get dressthat is a white-colored lengthy robe with a belt of bells, worn spherical at the waist.
 
The girls are dressed in sarees and pieces of jewelry.
 
The rhythm and melody of the track that is observed with the dance are soothing to the ears.
 
The melodious tune and the tinkling bells combine to create a captivating environment.
 

They use dhol, timiki, and bansuri.

The folks’ lifestyle is quite wealthy and the appearing arts of the nation have won wide recognition in the country-wide circuit.

 
The younger and more enthusiastic performers contain themselves in the overall performance and try their quality to make the performance well worth watching.

Bar Kaksar organizes puja on the yatra. 

 

Gaur Dance

Gaur Maria dance is carried out on the plateau of Bastar in Chhattisgarh.
 
It is done on the occasion of marriage and is assumed that it is executed with more pleasure than other dances.
 

Gaur dance is popular within the Sing Marias or Tallaguda Marias of South Bastar.

Guys placed headdresses with stringed ‘cowries’ and plumes of peacock feathers and make their way to the dancing floor.

 
ladies ornamented with brass fillets and bead necklaces with their tattooed bodies additionally join the gathering.
 
The men beat the drums, tossing the horns and feathers of their head-gears to the rising pace that offers the dance a wilder contact.
 
Its miles were achieved to reward the spirit of looking at a few of the tribe.

This dance of this tribe is very joyful, alive, and powerful.

This dance is named after the Gaur buffalo.

 

Chandaini-Gonda

Dance is from the Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh.

This is Drama dance.

The theme of the dance is just mythological but sometimes it’s about storytelling.

Performed by both men and women.

Men usually manage the music and women perform dance.

Chandaini Gonda represents the region’s rich traditional ancestry. 

folk dramas are dance on special holidays. 

 takes the audience back to the olden times.

The dance is by a man in a special costume

The various folklore or mythological stories remind the local population of Chhattisgarh about their rich historical legacies that have percolated to modern times through the numerous performing arts of the state. 


Kari Folk Dances of Chhattisgarh

This is also drama dance.

Kari is one of the prominent performing arts in the Durg district of Chhattisgarh. 

Endowed with rich traditional legacies, the Durg district is famous for its folk culture which is expressed through beautiful dance forms, melodious songs, and dance dramas.  

 Kari is one such well-known and common folk dance drama of the Durg district. 

Dressed in colorful attires, the performers of the folk dance drama of Kari enact their roles with full dedication and enthusiasm. 

Kari reflects the rich artistic caliber and creative imagination of the local indigenous population of the region.  

Based on folklore, mythological events, historical legends, or religious tales.

Along with instrumental folk music, Kari’s performers do their job perfectly. 

Backed by a modern infrastructure of lighting and sound effects, Kari’s traditional folk dance drama is magically enchanting.


 

Damnach dance

Damnach dance is one of the major folk dances of Chhattisgarh.

This dance is a very favorite dance of tribal youth and girls.

 Often this dance is performed on the auspicious occasion of marriage etc.

This is the reason why this dance is also known as ‘Vivah Nritya’.

 It is throughout the night from Aghan to Ashadh month.

Mostly this dance is in a circular dance form.

In the dance, a boy and a girl dance freely by moving back and forth with their hands around the neck and waist.

The main instruments of this dance are Mandar, Cymbal, Timki, etc.

The use of ‘Sadari Boli’ is more in the songs of Damnach dance.

 


Sonha-Bihan Folk Dances of Chhattisgarh

Sonha-Bihan

The dance also represents the rich culture of the Durg district.

Sonha Bihan is a common form of folk drama in the Durg district of Chhattisgarh. 

 It is one of the local dance dramas that reflects the unique folk traditions of the state of Chhattisgarh. 

 Performers in gorgeous costumes play the roles of many mythical figures with beautiful dance styles and postures. 

Song Ha-bi-han depicts the rich folk culture of the region that has permeated the modern era through various local entertainments. 

 Its beautiful choreography along with the appropriate infrastructure of light and sound captivates viewers. 

The body language expressed along with Song Ha Bi-han’s various dance styles shows the artistic level and creative imagination of talented actors. 


Lorik-Chanda Folk Dances of Chhattisgarh

The drama dance of Durg district of Chhattisgarh.

perforation with great enthusiasm.

The beautiful folk dance drama of Lorik- Chanda of the Durg district portrays the unique folk traditions and the rich historical ancestry of the state. 

 Lorik- Chanda is one such beautiful folk dance drama that casts a magical spell on the spectators. 

  The expressive body language coupled with the beautiful dance styles.

The traditional dance drama brings out the essence of the story of the plays that are enacted on the stage.


Sarhul Dance

Sarhul dance is an ethnic dance of the Oraon caste living in Surguja, Jashpur, and Dharamjaygarh tehsils in the state of Chhattisgarh.

This dance is on the full moon night of Chaitra month.

This dance is in a way a primitive form of worship of nature.

It is the belief of the tribals that Mahadev resides in a group of Sal trees, which is called ‘Sarna’ here.

 This dance is on the night of Chaitra Purnima to please Mahadev and God’s ancestors and wish for happiness and peace.

 The Baiga of the tribals worships the Sarna tree.

Their water is sprinkled from the flower of Sarna by keeping water in the pitcher.

At the same time, Sarah’s dance started.

 The early songs of the Sarhul dance have a religious orientation and praise to the deities, but as the night progresses, so does the intoxicating dance and music.

 Alcohol is also drunk on this occasion.

This dance is a very primitive form of worship of nature.


Hareli

The hareli dance on the eve of the Hareli festival is so much entertaining.


Gammatiha

It represents the traditional folk culture of the Durg district.


Parghoni dance

It is a wedding dance of the Baiga tribe.

 to welcome the procession

For the time being, elephants are made on cots, soup, blankets, etc., and are made to dance.

There is a tradition of dancing while singing.

There is a bride in front of the elephant. 

The main instruments are ‘Nagada’ and ‘Timki’.


Boor dance

It is a very popular dance of the Madia tribe.


Dorla dance

It is a traditional dance of the Dorla tribe at festivals, weddings, etc.

Dorla is a tribe found in Bastar.

This dance is after this tribe.

It is customary to perform the Penhul dance in marriages.

Both men and women take part in this dance.

Men wear Panche, Kusma, and Rumal while women wear Rahe and Batta.

The main instrument of this dance is a special kind of drum.

This traditional dance is also seen in Bhatra, Parja, and Dhurwa tribes in Bastar.


 

Dussehra dance 

It is by the Baiga tribe on Vijayadashami.

 Although the Baiga tribe does not celebrate the Dussehra festival.

because of starting from Vijayadashami, this dance is Dussehra.

This dance is called the Adi dance of the Baiga tribes.

This dance is the gateway to other dances.

Dussehra dance is a kind of artistic complement to social behavior in Baiga tribes.

It is a simple form of Saila dance.


Hulki dance 

Dance is done by men and women of the Muria tribe.

Hulki Pata dance is prevalent in Muria tribes.

In this, along with dance, songs have a special attraction.

Both boys and girls take part in this dance.

It is remembered in this how the king and queen live.

In other songs, there are questions and answers about the physical structure of boys and girls.

This dance is not bound by any time limit.

It can be organized at any time.


Dhandhal dance

It is a dance form in the Korku tribe.

Shringar songs are also sung in this along with dance.

While dancing in this, each other is hit with small sticks.

This dance is on the nights of Jyestha-Ashadha.

In this dance musical instruments like Dolak, Timki, Flute, Mridang, etc.

The tempo of playing these instruments controls the tempo of the dance.


Phag dance

it is a dance by men and women of the Gond and Baiga tribes on the occasion of Holi.

Usually, all the young men and women and adult tribal people of the village take part with great enthusiasm.

So, in this group dance, one or two people dance and entertain themselves with wooden masks and wooden birds in their hands.

 dance musical instruments like Mandar, Timki, etc.

 

Dandami Madiya dance

The enchanting performances of the Madiya tribe dance troupes from Bastar have gained fame not only within the region, but all over the world.

Their jewelry, clothing, and dance moves are incredibly captivating.

The Dandami Madiyas can be found in almost every area of Bastar and their dance is truly a sight to behold.

the rhythmic beat of the Mandar drum is enough to make anyone start tapping their feet.

 

The dance group of Dandami Madis performs in two separate groups, one consisting of men and the other of women.

The men of Dandami Madiya wear a unique costume that has become a symbol of Bastar.

The outfit includes a headdress made of gaur’s horns adorned with colorful bird feathers, strings of cowries hanging in front, and a large drum known as mandar hanging around the neck.

In the Madiya women’s group, women wear red clothes and adorn themselves with a round brass crown on their head, a mohri rosary around their neck, and a bahuta in their hands.

These accessories enhance their dance performance. Additionally, they use a thin iron stick called Tirradi with iron leaves attached to it, to perform a beautiful dance by banging the sticks on the ground.

The tribal girls’ dance is truly mesmerizing.

 

A group of male dancers performs a line or circle dance, moving to the beat of Maander which they produce by shaking the mandar around their necks.

Their rhythmic footwork and the beat of the mandar make for a captivating performance.

 

 

Raila Dance

This dance is in kondagooan.

Kol Dahka dance

Kol Dahka dances or Kolhai Nach are prevalent among the Kol tribe in Surguja and Korea districts.

This is the traditional dance of the Kol tribe.

It is also the Kolhai dance.

It is prevalent in the Kol tribe of the Surguja district.

In this dance, the male plays the role of both singer and instrumentalist.

Women also sing in this.

The song takes place in question-answer style.

The women dance in plain clothes and sing along.

Women have veils on their faces.

The center of this dance is the dance of women and the drumming of men.

In this dance, up to 6 beats of the drum are played with intensity.

The tinkling of cymbals adds sweetness to the dance.

Males sing in high pitch.

Loud shouts in between give momentum to the dance.

The women dance by tapping the fingers of their hands with the movement of their feet.

While dancing, she bends down to the waist.

Stands on the level and rotates in a circle.

The faster the tempo of the dholak, the faster the dance.

Karsad dance

The Karsad dance, popular among the Abujhmadia tribe, is by the playing of a special trumpet ‘Akum’.

Thapati dance

Thapati dance is the traditional popular dance of the Korku tribe.

Both men and women take part in it.

Korku men and women in Chaitra-Vaishakh this collective

dance Men play ‘Pancha’ in one hand and women play ‘chitkora’ in both their hands.

The main instruments of this dance are Dholak and the flute.

They round in this dance.

While circumambulating, the dance is by bending left and right with song lyrics

The foot movements and hand gestures of the dancers add charm to the Thapti dance.

Mojilal Korku of village Malhargarh Khandwa plays an important role in making this dance prestigious.

Parab dance

Parab dance is the traditional military folk dance of the Dhurva tribe.

Mandri dance

Mandri dance is by the Ghotul tribe.

  Ganwar dance

This is a very popular dance of the Madia tribe of Bastar.

Famous anthropologist Verrier Elwin has described the Ganwar dance as the most beautiful dance in the world.

During this dance, Madiya youths wear crowns decorated with wild animals called ‘Ganwar’ and shells on their heads.

For this reason, this dance is called the ‘Ganwar dance’. In this dance, the girls wear a brass crown on their heads and iron rods in their hands.

The girls sing and dance in loud voices and make various beautiful postures.

In this dance, there is a separate circle of girls and a separate circle of boys.

During the dance, the girls make a circle like a snake and cross the circle of the boys.

Madia youths try to make many bison horns poses during the dance.

This dance is performed keeping in mind the good harvest and prosperity of the rainy season.

The whole village is mesmerized at this time.

Atari Dance

The tribes of Bagelkand perform this dance.

Saaitam Dance

The female of the Bhariya tribe performs this dance.

Vimal Dance

Gond and Baiga’s tribes perform this dance in Dushrea. 

Maao pata Dance

Dance by Muriya tribes.

Bharathari Dance

Vedamati Dance

Kapalik Dance

Dhandkani dance


Conclusion

The folk dances of Chhattisgarh have a unique identity all over India.

The dance and folk tales of this place make its culture important.

Chhattisgarh is very rich in folk tales.

The oldest culture exists here in the form of murals, theaters, temples, and folk dances even today.

 


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