Folk dance of Jharkhand
The state of Jharkhand has its own civilizational culture which differentiates it from other states.
Here walking is dance, and speaking is a song, that is, dance, music, and song go together in every move and behavior in Jharkhandis.
Here the tribes of the Sadan and non-Aryan families have been living together for centuries.
We have kept our traditions alive by saving the identity of our civilization, culture, song, music, and dance for centuries.
Folk dances usually have the predominance of songs. Traditional folk dances are slow, medium, and fast and some are mixed.
Vibration fascinates anyone.
Jharkhand, a state in eastern India known for its rich tribal culture, has several folk dances that are an integral part of its cultural heritage.
These folk dances reflect the diverse tribal communities and their unique traditions.
Some of the notable folk dances of Jharkhand include:
Paika Folk dance of Jharkhand
Paika folk dance is very famous in tribal and Sadan societies.
This dance is a symbol of victory on the battlefield.
Dancers in traditional costumes dance to the loud sound of musical instruments like drums, drums, shehnai, etc.
Chhau Folk dance of Jharkhand
This dance is the dance of Veer Rasa, the male dominance of the mask and without the mask.
Dancers in masks, brightly in the form of gods and goddesses start dancing to the sound, rhythm, and beat of musical instruments.
The dance is very famous all over the world, due to which it was on the World Heritage List by UNESCO in 2010 AD.
Chhau dance is a traditional folk dance that originated in the eastern Indian states of Jharkhand, West Bengal, and Odisha.
It is known for its distinctive combination of martial arts, acrobatics, and vibrant mask-based storytelling.
Chhau dance is performed during various festivals and cultural celebrations in the region and has gained recognition for its unique blend of artistry and athleticism.
Here are some key features and characteristics of the Chhau dance
Masks and Costumes
One of the most striking aspects of Chhau dance is the use of elaborate masks. These masks are made of clay and papier-mâché and are designed to represent characters from Indian mythology, particularly from the epics like the Ramayana and Mahabharata. The masks are colorful and intricately crafted, and they play a significant role in storytelling during the performance.
Chhau dance often tells stories from Hindu mythology, and the dancers use mime and expressive movements to convey the narrative. The performers use their body language and gestures to portray the characters they represent, making it a visually engaging form of storytelling.
Chhau dancers are known for their acrobatic skills. The performances include impressive flips, jumps, and other athletic movements that add excitement and dynamism to the dance.
The dance is accompanied by traditional music played on instruments such as the dhol (a large drum), shehnai (a wind instrument), and kharka (a type of percussion instrument). The music sets the rhythm for the dance and enhances the overall performance.
Chhau dance has three major regional variations: Seraikella Chhau, Mayurbhanj Chhau, and Purulia Chhau. Each of these variations has its own distinct style, masks, and repertoire of stories. Seraikella Chhau is the most well-known among them.
In addition to masks, Chhau dancers wear elaborate costumes that are designed to match the characters they portray. These costumes are typically colorful and ornate, adding to the visual appeal of the dance.
Festivals and Occasions
Chhau dance is often performed during festivals like Chaitra Parva, Sarhul, and other cultural celebrations. It is also showcased at various cultural events and competitions, both within India and internationally.
Dumkach Folk dance of Jharkhand
On the occasion of marriage, the women of the tribal and Sada Samaj dance in queues with songs and dance to the tune of musical instruments like Mandar, Dhol, Dhak, Nagada, Shehnai, Flute, etc.
Jadoor Folk dance of Jharkhand
It is female-dominated daily but in some places, men and women are also seen dancing.
In this dance, the dancers wear colorful clothes and dance with each other by joining hands.
In this dance, the feet of the dancer and the player rise together.
Dance is on the occasion of Sarhul.
Dandai Dhara Folk dance of Jharkhand
Men the Jhumar dance, in this dance men dance with Gita and musical instruments.
The literal meaning of Dandai Dhara is Dand i.e. waist and Dhara means to hold, i.e. to dance by holding the waist.
This dance is quite famous in Jharkhand.
Mardani Jhoomar Folk dance of Jharkhand
Mardani Jhumar is a symbol of vibrancy and enthusiasm in Jharkhandi society.
The male dance is an exhibition of successful expression of masculinity.
Mukund Nayak and his associates have a special role in taking this dance to the world level.
Natua Folk Dance
Natuwa folk dance is a male dance.
The literal meaning of Natua is one who dances.
In this men dance wearing women’s clothes.
Shringar Rasa and Veer Rasa are the confluence dance of both.
In this dance, the dancer displays acrobatics, how to fight with the enemy on the battlefield, with a heroic dance.
The props are the fold of the Paika dance.
Kali Folk Dance
Kali folk dance is a male-dominated dance.
In this, men dress up as women and dance.
it is also called the Nachni Kheldi dance.
In this dance, the dancer wears a lot of makeup.
Hair case decoration is unique, wearing a crown on the forehead, colorful bangles on the hands, and curls on the feet.
The dance takes place on the beats of bhane, nagara, dhak dhol, and mandar, and the atmosphere glows.
Devotional songs are prominent in this dance.
Matha Folk Dance
This is a male folk dance.
It is on the occasion of the Sohrai festival.
It is famous in both Sadan and Adivasis.
The only difference is that only men participate in this dance in Sadans but women and men in tribals.
Anganai Folk Dance
Anganai folk dance is a women’s folk dance prevalent in the houses.
It is in the courtyard on the occasion of festivals or in the rainy season by women.
Horse Dance or ghonach dance
it is very popular in Jharkhand culture, this dance is organized on the occasion of special fairs, festivals, festivals and marriages.
This dance song is there dance.
Ghoda Naach dance is on the rhythm of musical instruments like Dhol Dhak, Nagada Mandar etc.
The dancer makes the shape of a horse with bamboo hussars.
They decorates the frame of the artificial horse with colorful cloth and enters it and ties it around his shoulders.
The dancer dances like a king wearing gaudy clothes.
The dance is in Bhagima of the king who has won the war.
Ras folk dance
It is a popular male dance.
Raslila dance is with adornment and devotional songs.
In this dance the main dancer (Jhumraha) represents Krishna, Radha is by other gopis.
Bhadriya Jhumar Folk Dance
It is clear from the name Bhadriya Jhumar that this dance is in the month of Bhado.
This dance is female dance.
In this, women divide into two groups and dance artistically by entangling each other’s hands.
One team sings the song and the other team repeats the song.
In any song, one team sings a song and the other team responds to that song.
This is a song dance.
In this, the women perform step-by-step artistic steps, sometimes bowing to the rhythm, sometimes speeding up the pace of the dance, and dance by moving around in the akhara.
Lhusa Folk Dance
This dance is mainly on the occasion of the Karma festival.
The dance is by men and women collectively singing songs by musical instruments.
This dance is Lhusa dance because of the singing of Lhusa songs.
Japi Folk Dance
Very famous among the Japanese Munda tribes, this dance consists of singers, dancers and instrumentalists.
The male dancer is surrounded by a group of women.
A group of men play musical instruments like dhol, mandar, nagara etc.
The second men’s troupe sings and dances to their own rhythm.
The women’s troupe repeats the last stanza of the male singer’s songs.
The women’s troupe join hands and dance around in a circle.
Dansya folk dance
Dasai dance in Santhal tribes is very famous among Santhal tribes.
This dance is on the occasion of Dussehra festival.
This is a male dance, all the men dance wearing women’s costumes.
The main instrument in this dance is the god made from dried pumpkin, besides this, thali, bell etc. are in the hands of the dance.
In connection with the beginning of this dance, it is said that whenever the tribal revolutionaries were taken captive by the external invaders in the Santhal regions.
So,to search for them, men disguised themselves as women to search for the captive revolutionaries.
Since that time it has become the folk dance of the Santhal tribes.
Baha folk dance
Baha dance is on the occasion of Sarhul festival.
In the Santhal tribes, the Sarhul festival is also known as Par.
Organized dance by women and men in a collective form.
People of the male class play musical instruments and the women’s troupe dances with the song.
Langde Folk Dance
Langdi dance is also famous among Santhal tribes by the name of Bahar Nitya.
Dahar means street, that is, the dance performed on the streets is called outside dance.
This decision is taken on the occasion of Manguga festival in the month of Magha.
Women and men dance collectively while singing songs by musical instruments.
Doha Folk Dance
The dance on the occasion of marriage in Santhal tribes is called Doha dance.
This dance is also known as Daram Da in Santhal.
In this dance men and women participate and dance with musical instruments.
Hario Folk Dance
Hari Hora Nitya is a major dance of the tribes of Jharkhand especially or very popular among Khadiya tribes.
This dance is by the youths during the Jatra viewing in the month of Magha.
This decision is taken by men and women collectively dancing by joining a queue by placing their hands on each other’s shoulders.
In this dance, men and women dance at a fast pace while running, sometimes they dance, sometimes they run, the thunder of the drums compels the dancer to dance.
Can’t stop and starts dancing by joining the dance troupe.
Dhodya means dust blowing folk dance. This dance is very popular among the tribes of Jharkhand. This folk dance is performed after sowing the seeds in the fields and when the dust rises from the fields after the seasonal change. There are two teams in this dance, one team picks up and starts dancing, dancing in a circle, on the last episode of the song, the mandar’s rhythm gives signals, the dance of the mandar changes, they dance loudly.
This is a women folk dance, in which women stand in a queue and start the dance by placing one hand on the shoulder of the person in front and swinging the other hand.
She keeps on singing songs and dances by moving her legs back and forth while swinging them in between.
Doyor Folk Dance
Folk dance is prevalent in the tribes of Jharkhand.
Both men and women participate in this dance, but both dance by forming separate teams.
During this dance, after one team dances, the other team dances.
Tusu Folk Dance
The folk dance on the occasion of Tusu festival.
This dance is collectively by women and men while passing the offerings symbolizing others on the occasion of Makar Sankranti. This decision is prevalent in the houses and tribals in Jharkhand.
Kadharwa Folk Dance
The Kadharwa folk dance is wearing a mask like the Chhau dance.
In this dance, men wear different types of masks and dance to the rhythm of musical instruments like mandar, nagade, jaal etc.
Jhumair Folk dance of Jharkhand
The supreme feature of this dance of Jhumair is that it is mainly in large and spacious open places.
Many traditional musical instruments include the dhol, manjira, dholki, and a lot more.
The themes of Jhumair’s songs mainly depict the day-to-day ups and downs of human life.
And at the same time give a solution to how to bear all this with sheer courage without at all losing the enthusiasm towards life.
The costume of the dance is unique.
Long traditional dresses are worn by men and carrying the various musical instruments completes their look.
Men usually take charge of the musical part of the endeavor.
Girls usually grace themselves by wearing traditional red-bordered white sarees.
The dialogues in between the songs reveal various emotions like aspiration, sorrow, and joy of the common man.
The dance is at various ceremonies or even as a part of prayer to the rain God.
It is a female dance.
Domkach- Folk dance of Jharkhand
it is a traditional wedding dance belonging to Jharkhand and Bihar.
Domkach, commonly known as Nagpuri dance, is a part of wedding celebrations.
Nagpuri dance versions are further subdivided into Ekhariya, Jumtu, and Dohri Domkach.
This folk dance is popular in Mithila and Bhojpur districts.
Naktora, Ratjaga, Dzhalua, and Nakta are other names by which Domkach is known to the people.
The people of Uttar Pradesh also celebrate the festival with the Domkach dance.
If you’re attending a wedding in this state, you’re sure to see this popular dance form.
Domkach dance ideas
The dance represents the strength or Sabala of the group.
There are usually female groups performing at night.
A lonely woman is considered weak.
However, when women gather and form a group, they become strong enough to repel thieves and swindlers.
This message describes the Domkach dance.
Nowadays, Domkach is performed by both men and women belonging to the families of the bride and groom.
The groom’s family and relatives form a procession to the bride’s presence.
After returning to the groom’s house, women dance the Domkach all night to protect the house from intruders.
The performance takes place in the central courtyard and looks like a theatrical performance.
Women sing several folk songs related to marriage ceremonies.
They play simple instruments such as dholak and ghungro.
Some also use spoons and metal plates to make beats.
People hold hands in a semicircle and dance to songs with satirical lyrics.
The entire performance is full of laughter and joy.
The dance is by various customs as well as an imaginary game called pual.
Domkach Dance Costume
Domkach is a fun holiday designed for entertainment purposes.
There is no traditional costume for performing the Domkach dance.
Recently, people have brought many innovations in the form of matching outfits, jewelry, etc. that enhance the presentation.
Despite all modifications, the people have preserved the original essence of dances and ritual songs.
This is why the dance has become so popular.
This is the dance of Falgun and Sandhikal Chaita.
As soon as Falgun rises, preparations for the Phagua dance begin.
This is the festival of spring or Holi.
Dance is a color within a color, with the joys of nature.
This is a male oriental dance.
It contains somewhere or several buds (dancers).
Dance freely in the rhythm and rhythm of men.
The main instruments of this dance are clarinet, yeonta, murali, dhole, nagdra, dank, karak and mandar.
Firkal is a martial art that is a folk dance of the Bhumij tribe.
Firkal’s main weapons are a sword, arrows, bow, and shield.
It can be found in the Potka quarter of Jharkhand and parts of Odisha, India.
Jharkhand’s Munda community has its own identity with regard to language and culture.
As the seasons change, their dances also continue to move through different ragas, rhythms, and rhythms, representing their festivities and festivities.
The main dances of Guchha Samaj are Jadur, Anrizdur, Nirjadur, Jaapi, Hona, Chitid, Karam, Khaimata, Uga, Aurjaga, Jatra, Mahka, Buru, caste dance, etc. Their feature is that in women’s groups, men do not dance together.
Performed by the Santals, one of the largest tribal communities, this charming form of dance is a fascinating display of tribal culture and traditions.
Tribal history is preserved and passed down through song, folklore, and dance.
Santhali dances revolve around tribal religious festivals where they are danced for almost every occasion.
Paikha and golwari are popular martial arts forms practiced by the Santals, which are intense performances involving leaps and bounds. Dancers engage in mock fights with bows and arrows. On the other hand, the mating dance against the backdrop of the full moon is both romantic and lively. They dance to the sound of loud drums, and beautifully decorated women dance with singing men. The tribe also has sowing and hunting dances. The thong and large are female-only dances performed at weddings and social gatherings.
It is by the Oraon tribe.
Tha Hunta Dance is an ancient dance form among the Santhal tribe of the Chota Nagpur district of Jharkhand.
This folk dance revolves around the concept of hunting and is beautifully portrays.
The Santals are natives of Bangladesh who immigrated to India many years ago.
These people now live in many eastern states, with the majority of the population living in Jharkhand and West Bengal.
Santals are known for their hunting skills and this is their main source of food.
Their festivals mostly reflect their daily activities.
One such example is the Hunta folk dance.
The folk dance of the hunta, as the name suggests, is the hunting dance of this tribe.
The dance is only by male Santals.
It is a powerful dance that requires great strength and energy.
Men show the whole process of hunting through dance.
The props are hunting tools such as bows and arrows.
The dancers are shown chasing and killing animals with weapons.
The unique components of hunta dance are calculated movements, confident steps, and pantomime.
In terms of music, the Santals play the thumbak and the tarmac, two types of drums used by the people of this tribe.
It’s a really beautiful scene to look at.
Hunta Dance Costume
Hunta dancers wear traditional costumes when they go hunting.
The top is usually hollow, and the back has a quiver to store the quiver.
They wear colorful dhoti that end just below the knee.
A piece of cloth is tied around the head and several long bird feathers are pushed into it.
In his left hand he carries a bow with shiny materials.
In order to attract the attention of the audience, the appearance is awesome for the dance performance.
Khadia Community is a part of the ‘Agneya’ family.
But Khadias are not as close as Munda, Santhal, and Ho are with one another.
From a cultural view, they have a separate existence.
Their dances continue around the year according to the weather and the specialty of the occasion.
In their dance too, collectivity is present.
At the time, all relations of village-house are with cordial relations of dance and music.
Khadia community, women dance in a row joining hands with each other.
Sometimes, they also dance separately.
To dance in more than one line is their style of dancing.
The male dancers also join them.
The male dancers perform separately as well.
Mandar, Nagara, Dhol, etc are their favorite musical instrument.
The male dance of the Khadia community is Hario, Kinbhar, Halka, Doyor, Jadura, Jeth Lahsua, Jethwari, Thadia, Karma Thadia, Jethwari Thoylo, Jethwani Angani, Chait Baisakh Tndia, Lahsua, Sayalo, etc.
Kadsa dance is a dance style while carrying a ‘Kalash’ (earthen pot).
This is also a female dance.
Normally in this dance style, women perform carrying a ‘Kalash’ on their shoulders or heads.
Usually, males are not in this dance style.
Men just play instruments.
Whether it is a seasonal festival or welcoming a guest, this dance style matches step by step with hopes of life.
It is about Jharkhand that here dance is walking and music is life.
Kadsa is a dance, which expresses this sophisticated feeling beautifully.