Folk Dances of Mizoram (State of Seven Sisters )
Mizoram is one of the states in Northeast India.
It comes under the group of seven sister states.
The name of the state of Mizoram is from Me = people, Zo = Lushai tribe, and Ram = land.
The people of Mizoram are collectively as Mizos.
Mizo people are for their traditional dance.
These dances form an integral part of their festivals and celebrations.
Folk dances are performed in groups dressed in traditional clothes.
In the list given below, we will look at some of the folk dances of Mizoram in detail –
The folk dance of Mizoram, a state in Northeast India, is an integral part of the region’s cultural heritage.
One of the most popular folk dances of Mizoram is the “Cheraw” or “Bamboo Dance.”
It is a vibrant display of rhythmic movements and coordination.
In the Cheraw dance, a group of dancers moves skillfully between cross bamboo staves, which are placed horizontally on the ground.
The staves are by individuals on both ends, who tap them open and close in rhythmic patterns.
The dancers step in and out of the bamboo staves, creating a captivating visual spectacle.
The dance requires precision, agility, and coordination among the participants. It is often during festivals, cultural events, and celebrations in Mizoram.
The Cheraw dance not only showcases the artistic skills of the dancers but also reflects the rich cultural traditions and unity of the Mizo people.
Apart from the Cheraw dance, Mizoram is also for other folk dances such as the “Khuallam” and the “Chheih Lam.”
Khuallam is a joyous community dance during festivals and special occasions.
It involves synchronized movements, hand-clapping, and footwork.
Chheih Lam, on the other hand, is a dance form with hunting and war.
It portrays the agility and strength of the Mizo warriors.
These folk dances of Mizoram hold significant cultural and social importance, representing the heritage and traditions of the Mizo people and adding vibrancy to their festivals and celebrations.
Cheraw/Bamboo Dance-Folk Dances of Mizoram
The Cheraw dance, also as the Bamboo Dance, is the most well-known and visually captivating folk dance of Mizoram.
It involves a group of dancers holding pairs of bamboo staves horizontally on the ground, while other dancers move in rhythmic patterns by stepping in and out between the bamboo staves.
The bamboo staves are skillfully tapped open and closed by individuals sitting on either end, creating a mesmerizing visual display.
The Cheraw dance, also known as the Bamboo Dance, is a captivating and popular folk dance of Mizoram. It is as one of the iconic cultural symbols of the state. The Cheraw dance involves rhythmic movements performed by a group of dancers while maneuvering between bamboo staves.
Here are some key features of the Cheraw dance Folk Dances of Mizoram
The dance is performed using long bamboo staves, usually around 8 to 10 feet in length. These bamboo staves are placed horizontally on the ground in parallel lines, forming a grid-like pattern.
The dancers skillfully move in and out of the bamboo staves with precision and agility. They step and hop between the staves, creating rhythmic patterns and sequences. The dancers must maintain synchronization and coordination to avoid getting their feet caught between the bamboo staves.
The rhythmic beats are a crucial element of the Cheraw dance. Two individuals, usually seated at the ends of the bamboo staves, tap them open and closed in synchronization. This tapping produces a distinct rhythm that guides the movements of the dancers. The dancers synchronize their steps and movements with the beats, creating a visually mesmerizing display.
The performers of the Cheraw dance dress in colorful traditional attire. The men usually wear a “Puanchei” (a traditional Mizo shawl) and a “Kawrechi” (a traditional headgear), while the women wear a “Puan” (a traditional Mizo wraparound skirt) and adorn themselves with traditional jewelry.
The Cheraw dance holds significant cultural and social importance in Mizoram. It is performed during various festivals, cultural events, weddings, and other joyous occasions. The dance represents the unity, skill, and vibrant cultural heritage of the Mizo people. It is also considered a symbol of communal harmony and teamwork.
The Cheraw dance is a remarkable display of the Mizo people’s artistic talents, rhythmic coordination, and cultural pride. Its unique choreography and lively ambiance make it a captivating sight for spectators and a cherished tradition for the people of Mizoram.
Khuallam-Folk Dances of Mizoram
Khuallam is a popular community dance of Mizoram. It is performed during festivals, weddings, and other joyous occasions. In this dance form, men and women form a large circle, holding each other’s hands and moving in synchrony. The dancers sway gracefully, perform coordinated footwork, and clap their hands in rhythm to the music. Khuallam is a celebratory dance that reflects the unity and happiness of the Mizo community.
Khuallam is a lively and community-oriented folk dance of Mizoram. It is performed during festivals, weddings, and other joyous occasions. Khuallam showcases the unity and celebration of the Mizo community and is considered one of the most popular and cherished dances in the state.
Here are some key features of the Khuallam dance Folk Dances of Mizoram
Khuallam is performed in a large circular formation, with dancers holding each other’s hands. The circle can consist of men, women, or both, depending on the occasion. The dancers maintain a synchronized movement throughout the performance.
Footwork and Movements
The dancers move in a coordinated manner, taking small steps, swaying their bodies, and gracefully shifting their weight from one foot to the other. The footwork is intricate, and the movements are characterized by smooth transitions and rhythmical patterns.
Hand clapping is an integral part of the Khuallam dance. The dancers clap their hands in sync with the music and the footwork. The clapping adds to the rhythmic and joyful atmosphere of the dance.
Music and Instruments
Khuallam is accompanied by traditional Mizo music. Instruments such as drums, gongs, cymbals, and bamboo flutes are commonly used to create lively and upbeat melodies. The music sets the pace and rhythm for the dancers and creates an energetic ambiance.
The dancers wear traditional Mizo attire during the Khuallam dance. Men often wear a “Puanchei,” a colorful wraparound cloth, while women wear a “Puan” (wraparound skirt) paired with a blouse. They also adorn themselves with traditional accessories like necklaces, bracelets, and headgear.
Khuallam is more than just a dance; it embodies the spirit of togetherness, celebration, and cultural identity within the Mizo community. It showcases the joy, harmony, and shared experiences of the people, and serves as a visual representation of their cultural heritage. The vibrant movements, rhythmic beats, and collective participation make Khuallam a captivating and lively folk dance of Mizoram.
Chheih Lam-Folk Dances of Mizoram
Chheih Lam is a traditional dance form of Mizoram that originated from the hunting and warrior traditions of the Mizo people. It is performed by men and depicts their agility, strength, and coordination. The dancers imitate the movements of warriors, showcasing hunting skills, combat techniques, and symbolic gestures. Chheih Lam is often accompanied by energetic drumming and chanting, creating an intense and captivating performance.
Sarlamkai-Folk Dances of Mizoram
Sarlamkai is a dance form of Mizoram that is primarily performed by women. It is characterized by slow, graceful movements and delicate gestures. Sarlamkai is often performed during important ceremonies, such as weddings and religious events. The dance reflects the grace, femininity, and cultural expressions of Mizo women.
These are just a few examples of the diverse folk dances of Mizoram. Each dance form has its own unique style, significance, and cultural context, showcasing the rich cultural heritage and traditions of the Mizo people.
Chai-Folk Dances of Mizoram
Chai is a traditional folk dance of the Lusei tribe in Mizoram. It is usually performed by a group of young men and women. The dancers form two parallel lines facing each other and perform rhythmic movements, footwork, and gestures in a synchronized manner. Chai is often accompanied by traditional musical instruments like drums and gongs. It is performed during festivals and social gatherings.
Chawnglaizawn-Folk Dances of Mizoram
Chawnglaizawn is a vibrant and energetic dance form of Mizoram. It is performed by a group of men and women who wear colorful traditional attire. The dancers move in circular formations, performing intricate footwork, hand movements, and acrobatic steps. Chawnglaizawn is accompanied by fast-paced music and singing. It is often performed during community celebrations and events.
Cherawngaihna-Folk Dances of Mizoram
Cherawngaihna is a traditional folk dance performed by women in Mizoram. It is usually performed during harvest festivals and other agricultural celebrations. The dancers hold small winnowing baskets called “cherawngai” in their hands and move in rhythmic patterns, creating a beautiful display of hand and foot movements. Cherawngaihna symbolizes the joy and gratitude associated with a bountiful harvest.
Khuangchawi: Khuangchawi is a lively folk dance of Mizoram, particularly popular among the Hmar tribe. It is performed during various festive occasions and social gatherings. The dancers form a circle and hold each other’s hands, moving in a circular motion. The dance involves energetic footwork, twirling movements, and hand-clapping. Khuangchawi reflects the enthusiasm and spirit of the Hmar community.
These are a few more examples of the diverse folk dances that are an integral part of Mizoram’s cultural heritage. Each dance form carries its own unique style, significance, and regional variations, showcasing the vibrant traditions and cultural diversity of the Mizo people.
Chheih Lam-Folk Dances of Mizoram
Chheih Lam is a traditional folk dance of Mizoram that holds historical significance and is associated with the hunting and warrior traditions of the Mizo people. It portrays the agility, strength, and skills of the Mizo warriors through a series of movements and gestures.
Here are some key features of the Chheih Lam dance:
Chheih Lam involves dynamic and energetic movements performed by a group of male dancers. The dancers imitate the actions and gestures of warriors engaged in hunting or combat. The choreography includes swift footwork, jumps, spins, and martial arts-inspired movements.
The dance is accompanied by traditional musical instruments such as drums, gongs, and bamboo instruments. The rhythmic beats and lively tunes set the pace and enhance the overall performance.
The dancers wear traditional warrior costumes during the Chheih Lam dance. These costumes often include headgear with feathers, colorful tunics or jackets, and accessories like belts, armguards, and leg guards. The costumes are designed to evoke the warrior spirit and reflect the cultural traditions of the Mizo people.
Chheih Lam incorporates various symbolic movements that represent hunting techniques, war strategies, and the bravery of warriors. These movements may include mimicking the act of aiming an arrow, throwing spears, or demonstrating combat maneuvers.
Chheih Lam requires a high level of coordination among the dancers. The group must synchronize their movements, maintain proper spacing, and perform in harmony. The dance displays the unity and teamwork of the Mizo community.
Chheih Lam is not only a form of artistic expression but also a cultural practice that has been passed down through generations. It reflects the valor, bravery, and warrior heritage of the Mizo people. Today, Chheih Lam is performed during cultural events, festivals, and special occasions to preserve and showcase the rich cultural traditions of Mizoram.
Chonglaizon-Folk Dances of Mizoram
This dance is performed by the Pavi tribe of Mizoram. This is a unique dance style. This dance is performed in two different states – sorrow and happiness. Interestingly, both occasions are quite different from each other.
If a married woman dies, the husband performs this dance to portray his grief. He dances until he collapses from exhaustion.
Also, this dance form is performed in happy situations like welcoming the hunter after a good hunt. Men and women stand shoulder to shoulder and this dance is performed with various hand gestures and postures. A colorful shawl is in the hands of these people, due to which these hand postures look more beautiful.
This dance is the dance of a warrior. In this, the dancers dance with shields and weapons. This dance is mainly performed by the Pahite tribe. This dance includes both singing and dancing. The costume of the dancer is made of colorful cloth and is adorned with traditional ornaments and a red feather.
This dance form is mainly performed by the Maras and Pavi tribes. Soulkai is the dance of victory. Historically, this was done by warriors to display prowess and may keep the defeated warrior as a slave. In this dance, the dancers sing their own songs.
This is an impressive dance originating from the Pawi and Mara communities in southern Mizoram.
This dance is called “Sarlamkai” while the Lushais call it “Rallu Lam”.
In the olden days, when different tribes were often at war with each other, the victor used to hold a ritual mocking the decapitated skulls of his enemies.
More about Saralankai/Solkai
This ritual is intended to ensure that the defeated soul remains the victor’s slave even if the victor also dies.
The procession usually lasts 5 (five) days.
The first 2 (two) days are spent having fun, singing with drinks, and a non-vegetarian party.
On the third day, a pig is slaughtered and the winner paints his entire body with the animal’s blood, which he or she only washes on the evening of the fourth day or the morning of the fifth day.
During this 5 (five) day period, the winner must not sleep with any woman.
Sarlamkai If he does, the defeated soul is said to go on a rampage and permanently injure the victor.
Those who hold such ceremonies are highly respected and respected by the people, the king as well as the elders.
That’s why every adult tries with all his might to become such a hero.
The bravery and bravery of these heroes is a great consolation for the people against all foreign invasions.
During this ceremony, the dance “Sarlamkai” is performed.
Needless to say, this is a war dance performed to celebrate victory in war.
Songs that are not sung; Only gongs, cymbals, or drums are used to create the beat.
In the dance, boys and girls alternately dance in a circle.
They often wear colorful robes while the chief is dressed as a warrior.
Chapar Kut is a festival in the month of March, a spring festival related to forest clearing. Chaillam dance is generally performed during this festival.
In this dance, men and women alternately stand in a circle. Men have to dance holding the shoulders of women and women holding the waist of men. The drummers live in the middle. Horn and Mithun are traditionally used. According to legend, this dance is usually performed around a liquor made of rice.
Tlanglam is a traditional dance form that has been performed across the state using the music of Puma Zai. Several variations of the dance have emerged over time, and it has become a popular choice for cultural troupes in various regions. Both men and women participate in this dance.
This is a dance performed by women. They wear flowers in their hair and colorful costumes. They sing and dance to their own songs. The drums and music are performed by the men.
Zangtalam is a popular Paihte dance performed by both men and women who sing responsive songs. The dance is led by a drummer, and its duration depends on the drummer.