The folk game of Chhattisgarh is a game whose tradition is thousands of years old.

And which has neither the address of the birth giver nor the land of birth.

So, the game is from one generation to another, without the desire for any award or achievement, just for the entertainment of the players.

For which neither the word player is mandatory training.

The folk games of Chhattisgarh also reveal the art and culture of Chhattisgarh.

So, they have been developing generation after generation in human society for hundreds, thousands of years.

There are neither special rules nor special conditions in these games.

We also call these people’s games or rural games.

Along with human life, the tradition of folk games is also in Chhattisgarh.

Jhad Bendra can be considered a game of the primitive era.

The state game of Chhattisgarh is Maha Kathin

Maha Kathin

Maha Kathin is a traditional stick-fighting game originating from the villages of Chhattisgarh. It is considered the state game of Chhattisgarh and an integral part of the state’s cultural heritage.

Maha Kathin is a stick fighting game that is traditionally played during the festival of Navratri in Chhattisgarh. The game involves two teams of 10-15 players each, who line up facing each other across a marked area. Each player holds a long wooden stick called a lathi. At the start signal, players charge at each other attempting to hit or fight with their lathis. The aim is to snatch the lathis from opponent players or strike them to make them drop their lathis. Players who lose their lathis or move out of the marked area are eliminated. The team with the maximum number of players holding on to their lathis at the end is declared the winner.

Maha Kathin is a physically demanding game that requires strength, stamina, and agility. It showcases the valor, courage, and fighting spirit of the Chhattisgarhi people and has served as a form of martial arts training. Its status as the state game represents the state’s rich martial traditions.

The Chhattisgarh government promotes Maha Kathin as the official state game due to its historical, cultural, and social significance for the people of the state.

Major traditional Folk game of Chhattisgarh

Phalli, Matki Four, Banti, Ibbha, Bhaira, Billas, Foda, Gidigada, Khilamar, Gota, Ulanbanti, Naugatiya, Pari Parvara, Kukra-Kukri.

Due spontaneously by the general public, the material and the number of players in these are decided based on quick achievement rather than well-planned.

In folk games, the goal of the players is the feeling of healthy entertainment, not any kind of prize or achievement.

Major Folk Game of Chhattisgarh

Major folk games of Chhattisgarh are Falli, Matki Four, Banti, Ibbha, Bhainra, Billas, Foda, Gidigada, Khilamar, Gota, Ulanbanti, Naugatiya, Pari Parvara, Kukra-Kukri.

So, easily available ingredients like kuchi, gota, villas, churi, pitthal, gidigada, khilamar, bhirri, bumblebee, gilli-danda, falli, chuhul, sanduwa, etc.

Chhattisgarh sports announcement

With the formation of the state of Chhattisgarh, the announcement of the beginning of the games depends on the mentality of the players, their number, and the availability of materials.

There is always a lack of pre-preparation, the place is not of special importance – games related to the courtyard, verandah, room, chaupal, platform, etc.

Bhotkul, Fugdi, Nau Gotiya, Banna, Chausar, Pachhisa, Chudi Binul etc. In the field or streets – Sankhali, Gilli Danda, Race-tip, Sanduwa, Gidigada, Khilamar, etc.

The folk game of Chhattisgarh

Price is not any kind of achievement, amount, or material, but it is a means of providing the feeling of pleasure.

Two forms, first Sangech and second Sanjhar Dam.

Sangech Daam – The price of such folk games in which the players get the feeling of joy with the game is called Sangech Daam.

Two forms Jhelar and Urkadhara Daam like-bumblebee, fudge, gold-silver, gilli-danda, all-jump, and fall.

Sanjhar Daam

The game in which there is no pleasure, but at the end of the game, the system of prizes for the successful players is called Sanjhar Daam.

two forms 

1) Tuve 

2) Thuthi.

Gadi and Dudhbhat -folk game of Chhattisgarh

The words Gadi and Doodh-Bhat are also used in sports.

Gadi means player or companion.

Doodh-Bhaat refers to an unqualified or inexperienced player, the mistake made by him is ignored.

If he plays the game fair then he is respected.

This player only takes the price, through milk and rice, small or unqualified children become proficient while gaining experience by playing with elders.

Child sports of Chhattisgarh

atkan batakan-folk game of Chhattisgarh

It is a popular group sport. In this game, children sit in the courtyard and make a circular circle.

After making a circle, they keep the claws of their hands on the ground. A boy as a leader touches the forefinger of his right hand alternately on those inverted toes.

The one on whose palm the last finger of the song ends straightens his palm. In this sequence, when everyone’s palms are straight, the last child leads the song.

After this song, they hold each other’s ears and sing the song.

fugdi-folk game of Chhattisgarh

Fugdi is a popular game played by girls.

Four, or six girls get together, sit cross-legged, and alternately move their feet back and forth with the help of their toes.

The player whose legs stop moving due to tiredness or shortness of breath goes away.

lame

It is a game of growth and finesse.

It is played like Choo Choowal.

In this, the players sit with their hands folded and place their palms on their knees.

The child who lags in holding hands gets up in the middle and says –

Khudwa (Kabaddi)

Khudwa is a game played like Pali Dar Pali Kabaddi.

Its rules of team formation are different from Kabaddi.

Two players become leaders. The rest of the players go to the leading players with a secret name in the pair –

They tell their secret name when they say chatak ja. The team is formed based on name selection.

There is no role of a judge in this, a collective decision is taken.

dandi poha

Dandi Poha is a competitive game played in a circle.

A circle is made of wood in the street or the ground.

The playing teams remain inside the circle. One player remains outside the circle.

There is a rhythmic song between the players.

At the end of the song, the outside player calls the inside player by the name of Wood.

As soon as the name is spoken, the rest of the goals come out of the circle, and with the signal, the outside and inside players apply force to each other, the one who succeeds in pulling wins.

This competition goes on till the last order.

danda colaula

Danda is the game of the shepherd children of Kolal village.

This game can be played with as few as 3-10 numbers.

To play this game, you have to throw your stick forcefully from between your two legs by bending one by one in the designated place.

The one whose stick goes for less distance has to pay the price.

Then the loser raises both his hands up and

Danda Colaula

Danda is the game of the shepherd children of Kolal village.

This game can be played with as few as 3-10 numbers.

To play this game, you have to throw your stick forcefully from between your two legs by bending one by one in the designated place.

The one whose stick goes for less distance has to pay the price.

Then the loser raises both his hands and holds the stick in his hand.

The rest of the people take his stick away from behind by throwing it with their sticks.

While throwing the stick, the throwers have to touch fixed objects like leaves, pebbles, etc.

The price-payer tries to touch those people. Those who throw his stick with their stick.

If the thrower is unable to touch the fixed object and the payer touches it, then the one who touches it has to pay the price.

pitch jump

Jumping is a form of high jump.

This game is played in pairs of two.

When a pair is sitting, the height is increased with the help of legs and bites.

The rest of the pair take turns jumping at that height.

If someone’s partner cannot jump or gets touched while jumping, then his partner jumps instead.

If they cross that height then the next round goes on and if they cannot cross then they have to pay the price.

Pari-Pathar

Pari-Pathar and Amrit-Bis these games are the same, there is no difference between them.

The one who has to give innings touches someone and says stone or bis. In such a situation one has to stand like a stone.

He can again run hither and thither when his other companions touch him by speaking part or nectar.

If caught while running, the price has to be paid.

 

Goti

Mostly girls play this game. This game is played in two ways and is played sitting. Scattering many pebbles, they pick them alternately. All the pebbles are picked one by one and if someone else shakes while picking, then the number of pebbles that remain shaken has to be given to the other. If shaken by another, the first one has to give.

In this way, the one who gets more pebbles wins. The loser pays his debt to the winner. The second method of Goti, with the help of five Goti, Chharra, Duva, Tiya, and Chauke, goes without Uddalkul.

In this way, the game goes on for 5-7 rounds, and the one who reaches that round without falling down wins.

 

fall

Five people play this game together.

A piece of tile is kept in the middle, protecting which the innkeeper completes by saying fall on all four sides.

Meanwhile, the player standing in the four squares steals that tile and distributes it to his other three teammates.

If the person giving the price touches it, he has to pay the price.

nadi had

The game of River Mountain is a collective game, it is necessary to have a high and low place to play this game.

The place below is called the river and the place above is called the mountain.

Pari is asked, ‘River Lebe or Pahar’, then Pari wala says river, then everyone has to go to the mountain place and on speaking mountain, go to the river place.

If he touches someone while going in the meantime, he has to pay the price.

Andhiari-Anjori

The game of Andhiari-Anjori is also played like the game of river-mountain.

But in this instead of river mountain, Andhiyari or Anjori is spoken.

It is necessary to have a place with shadow and light in this game.

That’s why children play this game after the sun sets.

Shalimar

In the game of Khilamar, except for the innings, everyone takes turns hitting a nail and burying it in the ground and then everyone hides around.

Pari Wala pulls out the nail from the ground and searches for everyone.

The one who gets it first has to pay the price.

If someone avoids the eyes and spits in the pit made near the nail, then again he has to pay the price.

Kancha

Kancha itself is called Banti. Counting ten, twenty, thirty, ….. up to a hundred, they hit each other with batis.

Those whose hundred is done quickly, all win, and the one who is not able to do so loses.

Then he measures his steps and keeps his bait at a distance.

Everyone shoots the target of his batni with their batni. falls, then measures it step by step and distributes it

Thus the game goes on. If not, then the game starts again, then by saying ten, twenty, they target each other’s bati.

bumblebee

Bumblebee game is a favorite game of children, in Hindi it is called Lattu.

In this game, there is a nail in a round piece of wood, which is wrapped with a rope and thrown, so that the bumblebee starts moving around with the help of the nail.

In this game, each other’s roaming bumblebees have to be dropped.

Billus

The game of Billus is on the stones laid in the courtyard.

Sometimes they also play by making a square box in the ground.

There is as much house (food) in this game.

 

Chandni

There is a payer to play the game of Chandni and the rest go from one place to another following his instructions.

In the meantime, if someone is unable to do that action or gets up and runs away, he touches it.

Now he has to pay the price.

In this game it is said to the innings person, O Chandni ka labe?

 

Chingri Bur-Buchi-folk game of Chhattisgarh

Also, sitting in a circle, the children put their fingers on the ground and say the following words in rhythm.

Dasto pingo kaal kabootar dhol, whose finger ends with the above-mentioned last word dhol, raises his hand in sequence.

In the end, the child who survives has to fold both his hands and go in front of everyone in turn in the posture of Namaskar.

At this stage, each child speaks:

“Chingri Bur-baby Manbati’s babysitter, Manbati’s babysitter Murra Khabe ke Lai”

 

Posam pa bhai posam pa-folk game of Chhattisgarh

In this game, two children make a door-like shape by joining hands by becoming brothers.

A child becomes king.

The rest of the children follow him.

Children sing- ‘Posam Pa Bhai Posam Pa’ When the children keep coming out of the door, then Maigadi says – If you have stolen a watch worth 1.25 rupees, now you will have to go to jail.

In this way, one or the other child is caught. Both Mai Gadi ask him ‘Ama Khabe Ke Amli’ The trapped child speaks the name Ama or Amli, thus turns towards the one whose name he speaks. This is how the game progresses in different phases.

Chor Police-folk game of Chhattisgarh

In this, small children sometimes pretend to be the characters of a king, inspector, policeman, thief, etc.

and play the game of thief police.

Choose a topic for this game and express it through a song.

 

Chuva-chuvavval-folk game of Chhattisgarh

It is a Chuva-chuvavval game, in which a group of children ties the hands and feet of the payer with a rope through chitta-patta or janavala.

By tying hands, the child’s body bends and the back emerges like a hump.

In this case, when he runs to touch, he tries to touch one of them by throwing a fistful of small pieces of wood in his hand toward the children who take the price.

Sometimes when he sits down tired, then the children who take the prize touch his top and sing songs jokingly.

 

 

Gol Gol Rani-folk game of Chhattisgarh

Atka Atka Pani, Gol Gol Rani – Muthuwa Atka Pani, Gol Gol Rani  they sing in the game.

 

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