The folk painting of Chhattisgarh, a state in central India, are known for their vibrant colors, intricate designs, and unique storytelling.
These paintings have a rich cultural heritage and are an integral part of the state’s traditional art forms. Here are a few prominent folk painting styles of Chhattisgarh:
Pithora Paintings-Folk painting of Chhattisgarh
Pithora paintings are a distinctive style of folk art found in the tribal regions of Chhattisgarh, particularly among the Rathwa and Bhilala communities.
These paintings are done on the walls of houses or on cloth using natural pigments derived from minerals and plants.
Pithora paintings depict scenes from tribal mythology, depicting gods, goddesses, animals, and nature.
The paintings are characterized by their geometric patterns, vibrant colors, and linear representations.
Pithora paintings are a distinct style of folk art originating from the tribal regions of Chhattisgarh, particularly among the Rathwa and Bhilala communities.
The word “Pithora” is derived from the local deity named “Pithora Dev,” who is believed to be a protector and bringer of prosperity.
Here are some key features and aspects of Pithora paintings:
Pithora paintings predominantly depict scenes from tribal mythology, showcasing gods, goddesses, animals, and elements of nature. These paintings often narrate stories from tribal folklore, including tales of heroism, love, and the relationship between humans and nature. The subjects are stylized and portrayed in a narrative sequence.
Style and Technique
Pithora paintings are characterized by their distinctive style and technique. The paintings are created on the walls of houses or on cloth using natural pigments derived from minerals and plants. The artists primarily use white, black, red, yellow, and green colors. The compositions feature bold lines, geometric patterns, and linear representations.
Pithora paintings are closely associated with rituals and ceremonies, particularly the Pithora horse sacrifice ceremony. These paintings are an integral part of the ceremony and serve as offerings to the deity. The paintings are believed to bring blessings, prosperity, and protection to the community.
Pithora paintings are often created collectively, involving the participation of multiple artists. The painting process itself becomes a community event, where the artists and villagers come together to create the artwork. The paintings are seen as a form of social bonding and an expression of collective identity.
Pithora’s paintings incorporate various symbolic elements. For example, the horse is a prominent motif and is considered sacred, symbolizing power, energy, and fertility. Other common symbols include peacocks, elephants, gods, goddesses, and geometric patterns, each carrying specific meanings and significance within the tribal mythology and belief system.
Pithora paintings have gained recognition for their unique artistic style and cultural significance. They serve as a visual representation of the rich tribal heritage and traditions of Chhattisgarh, showcasing the stories, beliefs, and close relationships between the tribal communities and their environment.
Karma Art-Folk painting of Chhattisgarh
Karma art is another popular folk painting style of Chhattisgarh, primarily practiced by the Gond tribes. These paintings are done during the Karma festival, which is a major celebration among the Gond community. The paintings usually depict the tree of life, surrounded by figures representing gods, goddesses, animals, and daily life activities. Karma art is known for its bold lines, bright colors, and symbolic representations.
Here are some key aspects of Karma art
Karma art is primarily created during the Karma festival, which usually takes place in the month of August or September. The festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm and involves various rituals, dances, and music. Karma art plays an integral role in the festival, as it is believed to invoke blessings and ensure a bountiful harvest and well-being for the community.
Symbolism and Themes
Karma art typically depicts the “Karma Tree,” also known as the “Saja Tree” or “Karam Tree.” The tree is considered sacred and represents the divine connection between humans, nature, and the spiritual realm. Other common themes in Karma art include deities, animals, birds, nature, and village life. These paintings often convey messages of fertility, prosperity, and harmony with nature.
Style and Technique
Karma art is characterized by its distinctive style and technique. The paintings feature vibrant colors, bold lines, and intricate patterns. Artists use natural pigments derived from plants, minerals, and charcoal. The compositions are usually symmetrical, with repetitive patterns and geometric shapes. Dotting techniques are also employed to create texture and depth in the paintings.
The creation of Karma art is a communal activity. Artists, usually women, gather together during the festival and create the paintings on the walls and floors of houses or on cloth. The process involves chanting of hymns, singing traditional songs, and invoking the blessings of the Karma deity. The collective creation of the art fosters a sense of community spirit and reinforces social bonds.
Karma art holds immense cultural significance for the Gond community. It is seen as a way to connect with their ancestral traditions, express their faith, and celebrate their identity. The paintings are not only aesthetically pleasing but also serve as a visual representation of their cultural heritage, beliefs, and values.
Karma art has gained recognition as a unique and vibrant form of folk painting. It reflects the close relationship between the Gond tribes and nature, their reverence for the divine, and their celebration of life and abundance.
Sohrai and Kohvar Art-Folk painting of Chhattisgarh
Sohrai and Kohvar are two distinct painting styles practiced by the Kurmi tribes of Chhattisgarh.
paintings are done during the Sohrai festival, which celebrates the harvest season, while Kohvar paintings are created during weddings.
Both styles use natural colors and depict various elements of nature, such as animals, birds, trees, and fertility symbols. These paintings are characterized by intricate patterns, dotted lines, and a stylized representation of figures.
Sohrai and Kohvar art are traditional folk painting styles practiced by the Kurmi tribes of Chhattisgarh, particularly during specific festivals and celebrations.
Sohrai art is associated with the Sohrai festival, which is a harvest festival celebrated by the Kurmi community.
The festival marks the end of the sowing season and the beginning of the harvest season.
Sohrai paintings are created to invoke blessings for a fruitful harvest and to celebrate the abundance of nature.
Key features of Sohrai art include
Sohrai paintings often depict various elements of nature, such as animals, birds, trees, and crops. These natural elements are represented in a stylized manner, with intricate patterns and decorative motifs.
Sohrai art incorporates symbolic elements, such as fertility symbols and auspicious motifs, which are believed to bring prosperity and good fortune. The paintings also reflect the Kurmi community’s reverence for nature and their close connection with the agricultural cycle.
Earthy Color Palette
Sohrai art predominantly uses earthy colors like black, white, brown, and ochre. These colors are derived from natural materials like clay, charcoal, and plant extracts, adding to the traditional and organic nature of the art form.
Kohvar art is associated with wedding ceremonies among the Kurmi tribes. It is a form of decorative art that adorns the walls and doorways of the bride’s house during the wedding festivities. Kohvar paintings symbolize fertility, prosperity, and the auspicious beginning of married life.
Key features of Kohvar art include
Kohvar paintings often feature human figures, portraying the bride, groom, and various other symbolic characters. These figures are depicted in a stylized and decorative manner, adorned with traditional attire and ornaments.
Kohvar’s art incorporates intricate geometric patterns, including floral motifs, leaf designs, and decorative borders. These patterns are meticulously executed, adding a sense of symmetry and visual appeal to the artwork.
Vibrant Color Palette
Kohvar art employs a vibrant color palette, including bright hues of red, yellow, green, and blue. These colors are derived from natural dyes and pigments, creating a visually striking and festive atmosphere.
Sohrai and Kohvar art serve as important cultural expressions and are passed down through generations as a part of the Kurmi community’s cultural heritage. These paintings not only enhance the visual aesthetics of festivals and wedding ceremonies but also carry deep symbolic meanings and reinforce social and cultural bonds within the community.
Surguja Art-Folk painting of Chhattisgarh
Surguja art is a folk painting style from the Surguja district of Chhattisgarh. It is primarily done on cloth or paper and is known for its simplicity and minimalistic approach. The paintings typically depict scenes from everyday life, village festivities, and nature. Surguja art uses a limited color palette, with earthy tones dominating the compositions.
These are just a few examples of the folk painting styles found in Chhattisgarh. Each style carries its own unique characteristics, reflecting the cultural diversity and creativity of the region. These paintings not only serve as a visual delight but also provide insights into the traditions, beliefs, and lifestyles of the people of Chhattisgarh.
Surguja art is a traditional folk painting style that originates from the Surguja district of Chhattisgarh, India. It is characterized by its simplicity, minimalistic approach, and use of earthy colors. Surguja art is primarily created on cloth or paper and often depicts scenes from daily life, village festivities, and nature.
Here are some key aspects of Surguja art:
Surguja art typically focuses on depicting the ordinary aspects of rural life. The paintings may feature farmers working in fields, women engaged in daily chores, village scenes, folk dances, or celebrations. The art form captures the essence of rural existence and showcases the vibrant culture and traditions of the region.
Style and Technique
Surguja art is known for its simplicity and minimalistic style. The paintings use basic shapes and forms, with an emphasis on clean lines and compositions. The artists usually employ a limited color palette consisting of earthy tones such as brown, yellow, green, and blue. The use of these colors gives the paintings a rustic and organic feel.
Surguja art serves as a means of preserving and celebrating the cultural heritage of the Surguja region. It reflects the traditional way of life, customs, and rituals of the local communities. The art form has been passed down through generations, contributing to the cultural identity of the people and fostering a sense of pride and connection with their roots.
Surguja art is often a collaborative effort, with artists from the community coming together to create the paintings. It is not uncommon to see multiple artists working on a single piece. This collective approach highlights the communal spirit and promotes a sense of unity within the community.
Surguja art is not limited to paintings on cloth or paper. It is also used for decorative purposes, such as adorning walls, pottery, and home furnishings. The simplicity and elegance of Surguja art make it suitable for various forms of traditional craftwork.
Surguja art showcases the beauty in simplicity and the richness of rural life. It highlights the cultural heritage of the Surguja region, capturing the traditions and daily activities of the local communities. The art form not only serves as a visual expression but also plays a vital role in preserving the cultural legacy and promoting a sense of identity among the people of Surguja.
Gond Art-Folk painting of Chhattisgarh
Gond art is a significant and well-known form of tribal art in Chhattisgarh, practiced by the Gond community. The Gond paintings are created using natural colors derived from plants, minerals, and charcoal. The paintings feature intricate and rhythmic patterns, predominantly depicting flora and fauna. The artists use dots and lines to create a sense of movement and rhythm in their compositions. Gond art has gained recognition internationally for its vibrant colors and intricate detailing.
Gond art is a traditional folk art form practiced by the Gond tribal communities of central India, including the state of Chhattisgarh. It is characterized by its vibrant colors, intricate detailing, and rich symbolism. Gond art has gained recognition globally for its unique style and cultural significance.
Here are some key aspects of Gond art:
Gond art primarily focuses on depicting flora, fauna, and mythological narratives. The paintings often showcase animals like elephants, birds, tigers, and snakes, which hold symbolic significance in tribal folklore. The artwork also reflects the deep spiritual connection between humans and nature, emphasizing the importance of coexistence and harmony.
Style and Technique
Gond art is characterized by its intricate patterns, meticulous detailing, and rhythmic compositions. The artists use fine lines and dots to create a sense of movement and rhythm within the artwork. The paintings are typically done on a black background, which further enhances the vibrancy of the colors used.
Symbolism and Mythology
Gond art is rooted in tribal mythology and beliefs. Various elements and motifs in the paintings carry symbolic meanings. For instance, the depiction of trees represents the Tree of Life, symbolizing fertility and abundance. Birds are often portrayed as messengers between the earthly and divine realms. The art form serves as a medium for storytelling and preserving tribal narratives.
Gond artists traditionally use natural pigments made from plants, minerals, and charcoal to create their artwork. The colors used are vibrant and bold, reflecting the inherent liveliness of the Gond culture. Black, red, yellow, white, and blue are commonly seen in Gond paintings.
Gond art has evolved and adapted to contemporary mediums as well. Gond artists now work with acrylics, canvas, paper, and other modern materials while still maintaining the essence of their traditional style. This has allowed Gond art to reach a wider audience and gain recognition in contemporary art circles.
Gond art is not just a form of visual expression but also a means of cultural identity and empowerment for the Gond community. It has provided economic opportunities for Gond artists and has played a significant role in preserving their cultural heritage. The intricate detailing and vibrant colors of Gond art make it visually captivating, while its deep-rooted connections to nature and mythology make it a rich and meaningful art form.
Saura Paintings-Folk painting of Chhattisgarh
Saura paintings are an ancient tribal art form practiced by the Saura tribe of Chhattisgarh. These paintings are characterized by their geometric patterns and vivid colors. They are primarily created on the walls of houses and depict deities, animals, and nature-related themes. Saura paintings are significant to the Saura tribe’s religious and cultural practices and are considered a form of worship.
Saura paintings are a traditional tribal art form practiced by the Saura tribe in the state of Odisha, India. The Saura community predominantly resides in the Ganjam and Gajapati districts of Odisha. Saura paintings are unique in their style and symbolism, representing the tribe’s cultural heritage and belief system.
Here are some key aspects of Saura’s paintings
Saura paintings primarily revolve around religious and mythological themes. The artwork often depicts deities, animals, birds, and nature-related subjects. The paintings serve as a visual representation of the Saura tribe’s spiritual beliefs and their connection with nature.
Saura paintings are characterized by their intricate geometric patterns and designs. The artists use lines, circles, squares, and triangles to create symmetrical and repetitive motifs. These patterns symbolize the cyclic nature of life, the harmony in the universe, and the balance between different elements.
Saura paintings are known for their vibrant and contrasting colors. Artists use natural pigments derived from minerals, plants, and stones. Red, white, black, yellow, and blue are commonly used colors in Saura art. The bold and vivid color palette adds to the visual impact of the paintings.
Saura paintings are traditionally done on the walls of houses. The walls serve as the canvas for the artists to create their intricate designs. The paintings are often found on the outer walls or courtyards of houses, making them an integral part of the tribal architecture.
Saura paintings have a ritualistic significance within the Saura community. They are believed to ward off evil spirits, bring blessings, and promote prosperity. The art form is closely associated with religious ceremonies and festivals, where the paintings play a central role.
Passing Down the Tradition
Saura art is passed down through generations within the community. The knowledge and skills associated with Saura paintings are traditionally transmitted from master artists to their apprentices. This ensures the preservation and continuity of the art form within the Saura tribe.
Bhatra Art-Folk painting of Chhattisgarh
Bhatra art is a traditional art form practiced by the Bhatra tribe of Chhattisgarh. The artists create intricate and detailed paintings that often depict mythological and religious stories. Bhatra art is known for its fine lines, minute detailing, and the use of vibrant colors. The paintings also incorporate elements of nature, human figures, and geometric patterns.
Here are some key aspects of Bhatra art
Bhatra art often depicts mythological and religious narratives. The paintings portray gods, goddesses, folk heroes, and characters from tribal folklore. The art form serves as a visual medium for storytelling, conveying the tribe’s cultural and religious beliefs.
Style and Technique
Bhatra art is known for its intricate and fine detailing. The artists use a combination of bold lines and delicate brushwork to create intricate patterns and designs. The paintings are characterized by their meticulous attention to detail, including the portrayal of facial expressions, costumes, and ornamentation.
Bhatra art incorporates various symbols and motifs that hold cultural and religious significance. These symbols often carry deeper meanings, representing fertility, prosperity, protection, or specific deities. The choice and arrangement of symbols contribute to the narrative and convey the intended message.
Bhatra art utilizes a vibrant color palette to bring life to the paintings. Artists use a range of colors, including bold primary colors and earthy tones. The use of bright colors creates a visually striking impact and adds to the energetic and lively nature of the art form.
Bhatra art is traditionally created using natural pigments derived from minerals, plants, and organic sources. The artists mix these pigments with natural binders to create their colors. This traditional approach contributes to the authentic and traditional nature of Bhatra art.
Bhatra art plays a crucial role in preserving the cultural heritage of the Bhatra tribe. It is an essential part of their identity, passed down through generations, and serves as a medium for cultural expression and storytelling. The art form helps maintain the tribal traditions, ensuring their continuation and appreciation.
Bhatra art showcases the artistic talent and cultural richness of the Bhatra tribe. It represents their unique worldview, beliefs, and mythologies. The intricate details, vibrant colors, and storytelling elements of Bhatra art make it visually captivating and culturally significant.
Karmai Art-Folk painting of Chhattisgarh
Karmai art is a distinctive style of folk painting practiced in the Bastar region of Chhattisgarh. It is closely with the Karma festival by the Gond tribes. Karmai paintings are by their bold and vibrant colors, intricate designs, and depictions of deities, animals, and human figures. The paintings often narrate stories and folklore to the festival and have a strong ritualistic significance.
These various forms of folk painting in Chhattisgarh reflect the cultural diversity and artistic prowess of the different tribes and communities residing in the state. They not only serve as a means of creative expression but also play a vital role in preserving and showcasing the rich cultural heritage of the region.
More about Folk painting of Chhattisgarh
In this painting, the main door of the house is guard by the women.
Different types of pictures paint on the walls with cow dung.
It is on the occasion of Hareli in the month of Shravan.
On the occasion of the Teeja festival, Shiva-Parvati is as a form of worship.
Cow dung painting
This painting is by the women of the house to depict the grain wealth.
Paddy is generally on the occasion of Govardhan Puja on the second day of Diwali for prosperity.
Many types of pictures are in Kothi.
It is usually from rice flour with different types of vines and flowers.
Pictures of footprints are here. This picture is often with various ritual
On the occasion of events, decorations are from the parchi (verandah) of the house to the street.
At present, the priority of Rangoli is increasing in place of Chowk Purne.
This festival is on the occasion of Janmashtami. meanwhile home
They worship by making 8 effigies on the wall.
Nohdora (Engraved Art)
This painting is usually at the entrance of a new house.
In the east walls, there are different types of artistic works of clay in which they
Paintings of various creatures – animals, vines – plants, etc. which for many years
remain on the walls, which in Chhattisgarhi
It is ‘pouring nohdora’.
Tattooing is a favorite among Chhattisgarhi women. arm, hand, leg, chin, etc.
Baiga is the most tattoo-loving tribe and the most tattooed tribe
Kamar is there.