The food of Punjab, a state in northern India, is renowned for its rich and vibrant culinary tradition.

Punjabi cuisine is characterized by its robust flavors, generous use of spices, and hearty ingredients.

Here are some famous foods from Punjab

Sarson da Saag and Makki di Roti-Food of Punjab

This iconic Punjabi dish consists of mustard greens (sarson) and spinach (palak) cooked together with spices, ginger, and garlic, and served with maize flour bread (makki di roti). It is a popular winter delicacy and is often enjoyed with a dollop of butter or ghee.

“Sarson da Saag” and “Makki di Roti” are iconic and traditional dishes that are considered the quintessential Punjabi meal. These dishes are particularly popular in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan, where they are enjoyed as a hearty and wholesome meal, especially during the winter months.

Here’s a closer look at both of these dishes:

Sarson da Saag

Sarson da Saag is a vegetarian dish primarily made from mustard greens (sarson) and other leafy greens such as spinach and bathua (chenopodium album). These greens are washed, finely chopped, and then boiled until tender.

After boiling, the greens are traditionally hand-churned using a wooden tool called a “madhani” to create a coarse puree. Nowadays, blenders or food processors are often used for convenience.

The pureed greens are then cooked further with various spices and seasonings. Common ingredients include ginger, garlic, green chilies, and ghee (clarified butter), along with spices like cumin, coriander, and red chili powder.

The dish is typically simmered until it thickens and the flavors meld together. It’s known for its rich, earthy taste and slightly bitter undertones.

Makki di Roti

Makki di Roti is also a type of Indian unleavened flatbread made from maize flour (cornmeal), specifically using coarsely ground maize. This gives the roti a distinct yellow color and a slightly grainy texture.

To make Makki di Roti, maize flour is mixed with water and kneaded into a stiff dough. It doesn’t have the same elasticity as wheat flour, so it can be a bit challenging to work with.

The dough is divided into small portions, which are then rolled out into flatbreads by patting or using a rolling pin. These flatbreads are typically thicker and smaller in diameter compared to wheat-based rotis.

They are cooked on a hot griddle or tava with a drizzle of ghee until they become golden brown and crispy.

Sarson da Saag and Makki di Roti are also often served together as a classic combination.

The rich and flavorful saag pairs perfectly with the rustic and slightly sweet taste of the maize flatbread.


Butter Chicken-Food of Punjab

Butter Chicken, also known as Murgh Makhani, is a globally recognized Punjabi dish. It features succulent pieces of chicken cooked in a rich and creamy tomato-based gravy. The dish is flavored with a blend of spices, cream, butter, and garnished with Kasuri methi (dried fenugreek leaves).

Chole Bhature-Food of Punjab

Chole Bhature is also a popular Punjabi dish that consists of spicy chickpea curry (chole) and deep-fried bread (bhature). The chickpeas are cooked with a blend of spices, onions, and tomatoes, resulting in a flavorful and tangy curry. Bhature, made from refined flour, is soft and fluffy, making it a perfect accompaniment to the spicy chole.

Amritsari Fish-Food of Punjab

Amritsari Fish is a specialty of Punjab, particularly from the city of Amritsar. It features freshwater fish, such as Singhara or Tilapia, marinated in a mixture of spices and gram flour (besan). The fish is then deep-fried to perfection, resulting in a crispy exterior and tender, flavorful flesh.

Tandoori Chicken-Food of Punjab

Tandoori Chicken is a classic Punjabi dish that has gained popularity worldwide. Chicken pieces are marinated in a mixture of yogurt, spices, and tandoori masala, which imparts a vibrant red color and a smoky flavor. The marinated chicken is then cooked in a tandoor (clay oven), resulting in a succulent and charred exterior.

Paneer Tikka-Food of Punjab

Paneer Tikka is a popular vegetarian appetizer in Punjabi cuisine. It involves marinating cubes of paneer (Indian cottage cheese) with yogurt, spices, and tandoori masala. The marinated paneer is then skewered along with bell peppers, onions, and tomatoes and grilled until golden and slightly charred.


Lassi is a refreshing Punjabi beverage made from yogurt, water, and sugar. It can be enjoyed in various flavors, such as sweet, salted, or with added fruit like mango. Lassi is often served in tall glasses and is a popular drink to beat the summer heat.

These are just a few examples of the famous foods of Punjab. Punjabi cuisine is known for its diverse range of dishes, including both vegetarian and non-vegetarian options, and is celebrated for its bold flavors and wholesome ingredients.


Punjabi Dal Makhani

Dal Makhani is a creamy lentil dish made with whole black lentils (urad dal) and kidney beans (rajma). The lentils are cooked slowly with butter, cream, and a blend of aromatic spices, resulting in a rich and flavorful dish. It is often served with naan or rice.

Punjabi Kadhi Pakora

Kadhi Pakora is a comforting Punjabi dish consisting of a tangy yogurt-based curry (kadhi) with deep-fried gram flour fritters (pakoras). The kadhi is made by combining yogurt, gram flour, and spices, and then simmered until it thickens. The pakoras, made by deep-frying a batter of gram flour and vegetables, are added to the kadhi.

Punjabi Aloo Paratha

Aloo Paratha is a popular Punjabi breakfast dish. It is made by stuffing whole wheat dough with a spiced mashed potato filling (aloo). The stuffed dough is rolled out into flatbreads and cooked on a griddle with ghee or oil. Aloo Paratha is often served with butter, yogurt, or pickle.

Punjabi Rajma Chawal

Rajma Chawal is a beloved Punjabi combination of kidney bean curry (rajma) and steamed rice (chawal). The kidney beans are cooked with onions, tomatoes, and a blend of spices until they turn tender and flavorful. Rajma Chawal is a hearty and satisfying meal enjoyed by people of all ages.

Punjabi Sarson Ka Saag

Sarson Ka Saag is a traditional Punjabi dish made from mustard greens, spinach, and other leafy greens. The greens are finely chopped and cooked with ginger, garlic, green chilies, and spices. The saag is then tempered with ghee or butter, resulting in a delightful and nutritious dish that is typically served with makki di roti.

Punjabi Pinni

Pinni is a sweet Punjabi delicacy often prepared during festivals or special occasions. It is made by combining wheat flour, ghee, jaggery or sugar, nuts, and a variety of aromatic spices. The mixture is shaped into small balls and can be enjoyed as a snack or dessert.

Punjabi Kulcha

Kulcha is a type of leavened bread popular in Punjab. It is made with refined flour (maida) and yogurt, and it is typically stuffed with a mixture of mashed potatoes, onions, and spices. The stuffed kulcha is baked in a tandoor or on a griddle until it turns golden brown and flaky. It is often served with chole (chickpea curry) or as an accompaniment to other Punjabi dishes.


The staple food of Punjab

The staple food of Punjab is wheat, and roti (flatbread) is the primary staple in Punjabi cuisine.

It is typically made from whole wheat flour (atta) and cooked on a tawa (griddle) or tandoor (clay oven).

Rotis are an integral part of every meal in Punjab and are often served with various curries, vegetables, or lentils.

Apart from roti, rice is another staple component of Punjabi cuisine.

Steamed rice, known as chawal, is commonly consumed with lentils, curries, or as a base for biryanis and pulao dishes.

Additionally, dairy products play a significant role in the Punjabi diet. Milk, yogurt, and buttermilk (lassi) are commonly consumed and are in various preparations like curries, sweets, and beverages.

Punjab is rich in agricultural lands, and the region produces a wide range of crops, including wheat, rice, maize, and various vegetables. These fresh, locally grown ingredients form the foundation of Punjabi cuisine.

Overall, the combination of roti, rice, dairy products, lentils, and fresh vegetables forms the staple food of Punjab, providing a well-rounded and satisfying diet for the people of the region.



These are just a few examples of the special foods of Punjab.

So, Punjabi cuisine is bold flavors, generous use of spices, and hearty portions, reflecting the rich agricultural heritage and culinary traditions of the region.


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