Guru Ghasidas National Park in Koriya has been approved by the NTCA (National Tiger Conservation Authority) to become a tiger reserve.
Guru Ghasidas National Park is 5 km off the Baikuntpur-Sonhat road in the Koriya district.
Until 2001 it was part of Sanjaya Gandhi Sidi National Park (Madhya Pradesh).
The Hadeo River flowing through the park is the source of the Gopad River.
The Cherva, Pando, Gond, Khairwar, and Agaria tribes live in 35 profitable villages within the park.
Part of the Tiger Reserve, Tamor Pingla Reserve covers an area of 608 km.
It operates in the forestry of Northern Surgudzha, 94 km from Ambikapur.
Guru Ghasidas National Park is a protected area located in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.
The Tiger Reserve will come into existence after the notification of the Government of Chhattisgarh and will be called the 53rd Tiger Reserve of India.
Significantly, the park is spread over 1440.57 square kilometers, in which 32 types of wildlife including tiger, leopard, and nilgai roam.
The Tiger Reserve has been created by merging Korea`s Guru Ghasidas National Park and Surguja’s Tamor Pingla Sanctuary.
For the first time came the entire territory of the Tiger Reserve.
The tiger reserve has 2,49 sq km of forest in its core zone and 780 sq km of forest in its buffer zone.
And 2,829 square kilometers of that area will become part of the Tiger Reserve.
In 2019, Chhattisgarh Forest proposed turning Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Reserve into tiger sanctuaries.
It did not cover the territory of the proposed tiger reserve.
Special securities of Guru Ghasidas National Park
You have to pass through the high-tech barriers that are in the Tiger Sanctuary.
High-tech barriers equipped with sensors and CCTV cameras have been installed to secure Guru Ghasidas National park.
Before entering the garden from the main gate, after the entry and details of the vehicle are fed into the computer, the hi-tech barrier will open automatically on exit.
On the other hand, two cameras will capture the number plate of the vehicle, and photographs of the vehicle and two cameras will record the front-back video of the vehicle.
In the year 2019-20, administrative approval of about 8 lakhs was received from the Camfa item (Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority) to install hi-tech barriers at Sonhat and Ramgarh, the main gate of Guru Ghasidas National Park.
The Ramgarh area is in the middle of the National Park.
There is a distance of about 30 kilometers from the main gate to Ramgarh.
Meanwhile, the driver controls the vehicle’s speed.
There is a rule not to sound the horn unless the speed of the car exceeds 20 km/h.
Because of this, more than once wild animals become victims of accidents.
By installing CCTV cameras, you can easily control how long it takes for vehicles entering from the main gate to reach the Ramgar barrier.
Location of Guru Ghasidas National Park
Guru Ghasidas National Park Baikunthpur i.e. 5 km on Baikunthpur Sonhat road in Koriya district.
The total area of this national park is about 1440.705 sq km.
The Arpa and Gopad rivers flow through this national park.
Arpa river also originates from this national park.
Apart from this, the catchment area of Neur, Bijagur, Rehanth, and Banas rivers is also this national park.
Flora and Fauna found here
This national park is surrounded by high mountains and rivers.
Apart from sal, saja, dhawda, safflower, tendu, amla, mango, jamun, and bamboo trees, there are ample reserves of herbs, etc.
In this sanctuary, tiger, kodri, leopard, gaur, chinkara, sambhar, wolf, beaver, chital, wild boar, nilgai, bear, langur, porcupine, fox, rabbit, monkey, wild dog, jackal, etc.
animals and chicken, peacocks, and kingfishers Birds like Dhanesh, Mahokh, Hawk, Eagle, Owl, Parrot, Heron, Myna, etc are here.
There are 35 revenue villages in this national park, mainly by Pando, Cherwa, Khairwar, God, and Agaria tribes.
The main language of these tribes is Hindi.
The park features a diverse landscape, including hills, plateaus, and dense forests. The topography of the region provides a suitable habitat for various wildlife species.
The park’s vegetation consists of mixed deciduous forests with a variety of tree species, grasslands, and bamboo thickets. This diverse plant life supports the park’s rich wildlife.
Bird enthusiasts can enjoy birdwatching in the park as it is home to a wide range of bird species, including hornbills, peafowls, woodpeckers, and various migratory birds.
Guru Ghasidas National Park is open to tourists, and there are provisions for guided safaris and trekking. These activities allow visitors to explore the park’s natural beauty and observe its wildlife.
The park plays a crucial role in the conservation of various endangered species, especially the Bengal tiger. Conservation efforts within the park focus on protecting these species and their habitats.
Guru Ghasidas National Park is a very beautiful place.
The most important and unique among all areas in the state of Chhattisgarh.
This park is also very famous due to its biodiversity