In the Literature of Chhattisgarh, Chhattisgarhi is the official language.

And almost 17.5 million speakers.

Moreover, it is very heavy vocabulary and linguistic features from Dravadian and Munda languages. 

In addition in ancient times, the Chhattisgarh region was known as Dakshin Kosal and therefore this classical name of the Chhattisgarhi language is Kosali or Daksin Kosali with historical significance.

Languages and Literature of Chhattisgarh

 In 2000, 16 districts of the state of Madhya Pradesh became the new state of Chhattisgarh. 

Of 93 languages in total 70 are variants that belong to Chhattisgarhi alone. 

Chhattisgarhi can also be a variety of Hindi languages. 

It contains 70 dialects which are widely spread all over the three linguistic groups of Austro-Asiatic languages.

 This Chhattisgarhi language is spoken and written with different accents and pronunciations in many different parts of the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.

Apart from the Chhattisgarhi language many people nearby the state of Madhya Pradesh also speaks English and Hindi as well. 

In addition, Chhattisgarhi has a rich cultural and literary history.

 Moreover, this language enables the citizens of the state to commute with confidence and ease.

Classification of Literature of Chhattisgarh

Awadhi and Bagel languages ​​are close to Chhattisgarhi languages.

These languages ​​also belong to the eastern-central region of the Indo-Aryan language family, the Indian offshoot of the Indo-European family.
Also, according to the Government of India, Chhattisgarh is an eastern dialect of Hindi.
So, it is a separate language in the Ethnologue.
The language has many dialects of its own apart from the native Chhattisgarhi dialect which includes Kalanga, Kawardi, Bhulia, Sadri Korva, and Baigani.


Writing of Literature of Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarhi language is also written in Devanagari script.


Apart from its cultural diversity, Chhattisgarh also boasts of its rich literary heritage that speaks of the historical and social movements of this region.

The literature of Chhattisgarh is a unique description of social issues and regional consciousness.

It also reflects the struggle of the state for establishing its own distinct identity in Central India.

Khub Chand Baghel also shows the social problems of the lower castes of the region in his plays, ‘Jarnail Singh’ and ‘Unch Neech’.

Chhattisgarh has also gifted many talented writers to the nation.

 Abhishek Agarwal is the youngest one who belongs to Bhilai and is one of the much famous authors of Chhattisgarh.

Literature, composition, and creators of Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarhi is one of the three dialects of Eastern Hindi.

It is spoken in Raigarh, Surguja, Bilaspur, Raipur, Durg, Jagdalpur and Bastar, etc. 

Chhattisgarhi language has been influenced by the Marathi and Oriya languages. 

Elements of Indian culture are present in Chhattisgarhi literature. 

There are many folktales in this literature whose motifs are common in other languages of India as well.

 Somewhere the interestingness of these stories has increased in a local and contemporary manner. 

The Prabandhageet of Chhattisgarhi Panwads is based on one or the other story.

Literature of Chhattisgarh brief description

Pt. Sunderlal Sharma first developed the tradition of writing Prabandha poetry in Chhattisgarhi.

Pt. Lochan Prasad Pandey started the tradition of prose writing in Chhattisgarhi.

Hiru ke Kahini and Mongra are the first Chhattisgarhi novels. Its creators are Vanshidhar Pandey and Shivshankar Shukla respectively.

The first Chhattisgarhi story is Surhi Gaiya, its story writer is Pt. Sitaram Mishra.

The first Chhattisgarhi Prabandha poetry book is Chhattisgarh Danleela, its creator is Sunderlal Sharma.

The first Chhattisgarhi grammar was in 1880 by Kavyopadhyay Hiralal.

The beginning of drama in Chhattisgarhi is from the time of Pt Lochan Prasad Pandey.

Satire writing in Chhattisgarhi is with the works of Sharad Kothari.

The first critical work of Chhattisgarhi is Dr. Vinay Kumar Pathak’s Chhattisgarhi Literature and 


Gopal Mishra of Ratanpur is Valmiki of Chhattisgarh in terms of Hindi poetry tradition.

Prominent writers of Chhattisgarh

Saint Dhani Dharmadas

He is the first poet of Chhattisgarh.

He is the founder of Chhattisgarh, Damakheda is the pilgrimage site of Kabir Panth.

Pt. Sunderlal Sharma

Pt Sundar Lal Sharma is Mahatma Gandhi of Chhattisgarh

His composition Danleela Ch. is the first arrangement of poetry

He published the monthly magazine “Dulrava” while staying in the jail of Raipur.

Dulrava – a magazine about the birthplace of Shri Krishna

Shuklal Prasad Pandey

He is the first comic poet of Chhattisgarh.

His composition – Giyaan Aau Bhool Bhulaiya

Banshidhar Pandey

He is the first novelist

His novel is Heeru Ki Kahini, published in 1926.

Sita Ram Mishra

the first storyteller

Story – Surhi Gaiya

Dwarka Prasad Tiwari

He is a resident of Bilaspur.

He is the youngest poet in Chhattisgarh, he starts composing poetry at the age of 16.

His compositions are – Gandhi Geet, Falgun Geet, Suraj Geet, Five Year Plan

Mukutdhar Pandey

the first shadow poet

Composition – This poem towards Kurkuri (1920) is the first poem of Chhayavadi’s poetry stream.

the father of shadowism,

Padma Shri was awarded on 26  January  1950

Lochan Prasad Pandey

Chhattisgarh’s first drama car is

Drama – “Kalikaal” is CG Bhishma is called Pitamah,

He established the Mahakaushal History Council in Raipur and In 1920, Ch. Gaurav Pracharak Mandali .

CG started writing prose in

Shrikant Verma

He is a resident of Bilaspur, a member of the Rajya Sabha

His creation – Magadha, Maya Darpan, Jal Sadhya, Matka Megh

Hari Thwakur

There have been freedom fighters in Raipur,

Composition – Chandan of Surta, a bowl of paddy, new notes

His block poetry – Shaheed Virnarayan Singh is

In 2001 Pt. Sunderlal Sharma Literature Award.

Devi Prasad Pandey

They are residents of Janjgir Champa, they are Bachchu Janjgiri.

His biography – Masto’s Messiah

Pt. Shyamlal Chaturvedi

was the chairman of the official language commission

Composition- Parra Bhar Lai

Dr. Narendradev Verma

Skit from Chhattisgarh – Mola Guru Baniye Le

Novel – Subah Ki Talaash, Apoorva

Vinod Kumar Shukla

a resident of the Koriya district,

His creation- servant’s shirt, there is a window in the wall, we will see if he writes, the man went away wearing a warm coat.

There is a window in the wall, (he is the Vyas Samman for this work)

Keyur Bhushan

He follows the Gandhian ideology.

His composition – Futa Karam

Daneshwar Sharma

His composition is – “Beti Ke Bida”

Paleshwar Sharma

Composition – Tiriya Janam Jhan Due

Dr Baldev Prasad

In 1939, he composed Tulsi Darshan epic and dissertation, on this work Nagpur University gave him the title of D.Litt.

His immortal work Saket Sant comes in 1946.

In 1920, during the non-cooperation movement, Together with Pyarelal, Swadeshi Rashti Vidyalaya was established in Rajnandgaon.

His compositions – are Mrinalini Parinay, Social worker, Maithili Parinay, Koshal Kishore, Manas Manthan, Jeevan Sangeet, and Sahitya Lahari.

Madhav Rao Sapre

Ch. I am called the father of journalism,

CG The first newspaper of Chhattisgarh Mitra was published by him in the Pendra district of Bilaspur.

The main genre of Dr. Baldev’s writing is poetry, story, criticism and fine essay, about 20 of his books have been published.

He has done a deep study on Pandit Mukutdhar Pandey. Nature is the source of his inspiration.

Padumlal Punnalal Bakshi

He was born in Rajnandgaon.

His first work – Bhagya was published in Hitkarini in 1911.

This was a paraphrase of a story published in the Modern Review

Bakshi ji is called the editor of Saraswati Patrika

He went to Allahabad in 1920 after becoming the editor of Saraswati Patrika.

Resigned from the editorial post of Saraswati Patrika in 1929

From 1952 – 1956, he kept editing Saraswati Patrika while staying in Khairagarh.

In 1950, he was elected President of the Madhya Pradesh Hindi Sahitya Sammelan.

Sagar in 1960

In 1960, he the honorary degree of D.Litt from Sagar University.

famous story – Jhal Mala – is a classic story.

His essay – Kari

His other compositions are as follows –

Poetry – Shatdal, Ashrudal

Story Collection – Panchpatra, Jhalmala, Manjari

Novels- Story cycle, Bhola, Those days

Drama – Atonement, Tripathaga

Essay- Last Chapter, Kuch Aur Kuch, Yatri, Bikhare Panne, Hindi Sahitya Vimarsh, my favorite essay, which I will not forget.

Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh

His first poem – Heart’s Thirst comes in the college magazine in 1935.

In 1940, Agyey’s first Tar Saptak comes with, Muktibodh ji, whose first poet was Muktibodh ji.

Hiralal Kavyopadhyay

The creator of the first Chhattisgarh grammar (1880)

Hanumantha Naidu

The songs of the first Chhattisgarh film Kabhi Debe Sandesh.

Kunj Bihari Choubey

So, the first poet to write poetry against British rule.

Gopal Mishra

From the point of view of Hindi poetry, he is Valmiki of Chhattisgarh.

His book – Khub Tamasha

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