It is at an altitude of 340m to 941m above sea level, is the Maikal Hills in Chattisgarh.

Maikal Hills

Overlooking the picturesque town of Kawardha in Chattisgarh, the Maikal Hills form the eastern part of the Satpura Mountains.

The hills have a peaceful and serene atmosphere and are a beautiful location.

The hills also produce a number of streams and rivers, including tributaries of the Narmada and Wainganga rivers.

There are 2  groups of tribes living around the hills; the Baigas and  Gonds. 

Maikal Hill is very rich in flora and fauna.

Agriculture is practiced in this area, mainly in alluvial basins.

Crops such as rice, wheat, mung beans, maize, barley, maize, beans, and sesame, as well as mustard seeds, are here.

Lowland forests include Sal and other mixed forests, and highland forests are tropical moist, and dry deciduous forests.

The Maikal hills are known to contain bauxite,  an aluminum ore.

With  Kanha National Park within range,  Maikal Hills has a wide variety of wildlife.

There are tigers, leopards, wild dogs, foxes, and jackals, and among the deer species, there are swamp deer, spotted deer, sambar, and barasingha on hard ground.

The sanctuaries are also home to a wide variety of birds and reptiles. 

Location

The Maikal Hills are in the southern part of Chhattisgarh and extend into the neighboring state of Madhya Pradesh. They cover a large portion of Chhattisgarh’s southern and southwestern regions.

 

Wildlife

The Maikal Hills are home to a variety of wildlife species, including tigers, leopards, elephants, and a wide range of bird species. It is an ecologically significant area and part of various conservation efforts.

Tribal Communities

The Maikal is by several indigenous tribal communities, including the Gond, Baiga, and Korku tribes.

These communities have a deep connection to the land and its resources.

Tourism

The natural beauty of the Maikal Hills attracts tourists and nature enthusiasts.

There are opportunities for trekking, wildlife safaris, and exploring the tribal culture and heritage of the region.

Conservation Efforts

Efforts have been made to protect the biodiversity of the Maikal Hills through the establishment of wildlife sanctuaries and protected areas.

Kanha National Park, one of India’s famous tiger reserves, is partially in this region.

 

 

 The altitude of Maikal Hills

941 m (3,087 ft) 

 

 History of Maikal Hills

 

 This region is Mekala and was once ruled by the Panduvamshis of Mekala.

Their territory included parts of present-day Mandla, Shahdol, and Bilaspur districts.

 Culture of Maikal Hills

 

 Folk songs are part of the heritage of the  Maikal hill tribe people.

 Geography of Maikal Hills

These hills are by their hilly and forested terrain.

The region is rich in biodiversity, with dense forests and several rivers flowing through the hills.

  Maikal is a mountainous region in central India.

This mountain range is one of the main topographical divisions of Chhattisgarh.

The landscape of Satpuda-Maikal stretches over a distance of about five hundred kilometers.

On one side of this vast landscape, there is Chhattisgarh’s Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary.

Across from Satpuda-Maikal is Maharashtra’s Melghat Tiger Reserve.

This strip of land stretches along the Satpuda and Maikal ranges in Chhattisgarh.

 Kanha National Park 

 Kanha National Park is a national park and tiger reserve in the Mandla and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh and in the Maikal of  Satpuras. In addition to being home to a livable tiger population, Kanha stands out by saving the Barasingha hard land and supporting the world’s last remaining population of deer.

 Geology 

 The hills are known to contain bauxite, an aluminum ore.

How to reach Maikal Hills

 

 By air

Nagpur is the nearest airport 266 km from Kanha National Park.

It is well domestic air services to Mumbai and other parts of the country.

By rail

railway Jabalpur is the nearest and most convenient railway terminal at a distance of 169 km from Kanha National Park.

By road

Kanha Road has a connection by road with Jabalpur 175 km, Khajuraho 445 km, Nagpur 266 km, Mukki 25 km, and Raipur 219 km. Other locations in the park include Koshi – Kanha (9 km), Kishi – Katia (4 km), and Kishi – Mukki (32 km).

Conclusion

 The Maikal Hills are of ecological importance as they contribute to the overall biodiversity and environmental health of the region. They are also significant in terms of water resources and play a role in maintaining the climate.

FAQ

Which river originates in the Maikal range?

 

The Narmada River originates in the Maikal Range, which is part of the Satpura Range in central India. The Narmada flows westward through the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat before emptying into the Arabian Sea.

Which National Park is in Maikal range?

The Maikal Range is part of the larger Satpura Range, and one of the national parks in the Satpura Range is the “Kanha National Park.” Kanha National Park is in Madhya Pradesh, India, and it is known for its diverse flora and fauna, including tigers, leopards, deer, and various bird species. The park is characterized by its rugged terrain, deep valleys, and dense forests, making it a significant conservation area in central India.

What is the highest range of Maikal range?

 

Amarkantak is highest range of Maikal Range.

The Maikal Range itself does not have a single highest peak like some other mountain ranges. Instead, it is a part of the larger Satpura Range, and the highest point in the Satpura Range is Dhupgarh. Dhupgarh is located in the Pachmarhi region of Madhya Pradesh, India, and it stands at an elevation of approximately 1,350 meters (4,429 feet) above sea level. So, Dhupgarh is considered the highest peak in the Satpura Range, which includes the Maikal Range

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