National Park of Chhattisgarh
The state of Chhattisgarh is a prosperous state in terms of forest resources.
The forest area in Chhattisgarh is 55621 square kilometers which is 44.21% of the total area.
Chhattisgarh’s place is third in India.
Chhattisgarh is fourth in the National in terms of forest area.
41.13% of the total geographical area of Chhattisgarh has forest cover.
Tropical dry deciduous forests are here.
There are a total of 3 national parks and 11 sanctuaries in the state.
There are also a total of 4 tiger reserves in the state.
In the year 2017, Bhoramdev was proposed to be made the country’s 51st and state’s 5th state tiger reserve.
But in April 2018, the state government backtracked on its decision.
The maximum forest in the state is in the Narayanpur district and the minimum forest is in Bemetara and Durg.
The tropical dry deciduous forest is the most in the state.
This is 51.65% of the total forests. Reserved 43.13%, protected 40.22%, and unclassified 16.65% in forests.
Most of the Sal trees are found here.
It is also the state tree of Chhattisgarh state.
About wild buffaloes
The wild buffaloes in Chhattisgarh are in two isolation pockets.
first is Indravati National Park
second is Udanti
The main reason the wild buffaloes inhabiting the landscape is full of grasses is highly palatable.
The wild buffalo is the state animal of Chhattisgarh.
The wild buffalo is endangered species.
National Park of Chhattisgarh
It is the largest national park in the state.
It was established in 1981.
It’s Sanjay Gandhi National Park, but after the formation of the state, its name is ‘Guru Ghasidas National Park’.
It was made a Tiger Reserve in 2014.
It is in Korea and Surajpur district.
Nilgai, tiger, leopard, etc. are here.
On September 2021, NTCA declared Guru Ghasidas National Park as Tiger Reserve.
the fourth tiger reserve in the state and the 53rd in the country.
The Indravati River flows through this national park.
Because of this its name. It was established in 1978. It is in the Bijapur district. This is the first national park in the state. Its area is 1258 square kilometers.
It was declared a Tiger Reserve in 1983.
The Tiger Reserve was implemented here by the state government in 2009.
after which its area was expanded to 2799 square kilometers.
The smallest national park in the state.
However, spread over 200 square kilometers.
It was established in 1982.
The park got its name from the Kanger River.
The mountain myna has been preserved here.
Crocodiles are natural habitats at a place Bhaisadarha in the Kanger River.
There are 11 sanctuaries in the state.
Tamor Pingla – Surajpur – 1978 – 608 sq km
Sitanadi – Dhamtari – 1974 – 559 sq km
Achanakmar – Mungeli – 1975 – 552 sq km
Semarsot – Balrampur – 1978 – 430 sq km
Gomarda – Raigad – 1975 – 278 Sq.Km
Palmed – Bijpur – 1983 – 262 sq km
Baranvapara – Balodabazar – 1976 – 245 Sq.Km
Udanti – Gariaband – 1983 – 231 Sq.Km
Bhoramdeo – Kawardha – 2001 – 164 sq km
Bhairamgarh – Bijpur – 1983 – 138 sq km
Badalkhol – Jashpur – 1975 – 105 sq km
Note: Udanti-Sitanadi and Tamora Pingla (along with Gurughasidas) have been made Tiger Reserves since 2009.
Because of this, the number of the present sanctuary is 8.
At present, there are 4 tiger reserves in the state.
Indravati, where Project Tiger was started in 1983.
Udanti-Sitanadi, where Project Tiger took place in 2006.
Achanakmar, where Project Tiger was started in 2006.
In 2014, the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) gave its consent for the formation of Guru Ghasidas Tiger Reserve.
There is only one biosphere in the state.
Achanakmar was established in 2005.
So, This is the 14th biosphere of the country.
Earlier in 1985, it was announced to make Kanger Valley was a biosphere, but it could not be established.