Panthi Dance is a traditional folk dance of Chhattisgarh.
A dance form that originates from the state of Chhattisgarh, India.
It is predominantly by the Satnami community, which follows the teachings of Guru Ghasidas, a revered saint and social reformer.
Panthi dance is an integral part of the cultural heritage of Chhattisgarh.
And is often on various occasions and festivals.

Here are some key features of the Panthi Dance

Music and Instruments of Panthi Dance

Panthi dance is rhythmic and energetic music.

The main musical instrument used is the Manjira, which is a pair of small cymbals.

So, Use Other instruments such as the dholak (a two-headed drum), harmonium, and nagara (a kettle drum).

Also, to create vibrant and lively music for the dance.

Choreography of Panthi Dance

The dance involves a group of male dancers who form a circle or semi-circle formation.

The dancers move in synchronized steps, maintaining a rhythmic pattern.

The movements are often vigorous and energetic, with leaps, jumps, and quick footwork.

Costumes of Panthi Dance

The dancers typically wear traditional attire, which includes a dhoti (a garment worn around the waist) and a kurta (a loose shirt). The colors of the costumes are usually vibrant and bright, adding to the visual appeal of the dance.

Themes of Panthi Dance

Panthi dance often depicts stories and episodes from the life of Guru Ghasidas, emphasizing his teachings of social equality, harmony, and spiritual upliftment. The dancers use expressive gestures and movements to portray the narratives, conveying the messages and values associated with the saint.

Cultural Significance of Panthi Dance

Panthi dance not only serves as a form of entertainment but also carries cultural and social significance. It plays a role in preserving and promoting the heritage of the Satnami community and Chhattisgarh as a whole. The dance form showcases the community’s devotion, unity, and their reverence for Guru Ghasidas.

Panthi Folk Dance is a vibrant and captivating form of expression that reflects the cultural identity and traditions of Chhattisgarh.




The attire of the Panthi Dance


The attire worn in the Panthi of Chhattisgarh is traditional and reflects the cultural aesthetics of the region.


Men’s Attire

Dhoti: Men usually wear a dhoti, which is a long rectangular piece of cloth around the waist and secured with a knot. The dhoti is usually white or light-colored.

Kurta: A loose, knee-length shirt called a kurta is worn on the upper body. The kurta can be of various colors and is often adorned with decorative patterns or embroidery.

Women’s Attire

Sari: Women performers wear a traditional sari, which is a long piece of cloth draped around the body. The sari is usually brightly colored and may feature traditional patterns or designs.

Blouse: A blouse is worn with the sari, covering the upper body. The blouse can be of contrasting or complementary colors to the sari.


Jewelry: Both men and women may wear traditional jewelry to complement their attire. This may include necklaces, earrings, bangles, and anklets. The jewelry is often made of metal and can be adorned with stones or beads.

Headgear: Men may wear a traditional turban or headgear as part of their costume. The headgear can be simple or elaborate, depending on the occasion and personal preference.

The colors of the attire are often vibrant and eye-catching, reflecting the festive and celebratory nature of the dance form. The attire is designed to allow freedom of movement and to showcase the cultural identity and traditions of the Satnami community and Chhattisgarh.

It’s important to note that variations in the Panthi attire may exist, as folk traditions often evolve and adapt over time. Different regions or groups within Chhattisgarh may have their own distinct styles and variations in the attire while still adhering to the overall essence of the dance form.



Music and Instruments of panthi dance


The music and instruments used in the Panthi of Chhattisgarh play a vital role in creating the energetic and rhythmic ambiance for the performance. Here are some of the key aspects of the music and instruments associated with Panthi Folk Dance:


The primary instrument used in Panthi is the Manjira. It consists of a pair of small brass cymbals that are struck together to produce a metallic, ringing sound. The Manjira sets the rhythm and acts as the backbone of the musical accompaniment.


The dholak, a two-headed drum, is commonly used in Panthi Folk Dance. It is played with both hands, using different techniques to produce various rhythmic patterns and beats. The dholak provides the main percussion element in the music and adds depth to the overall sound.


The harmonium, a keyboard-like instrument with bellows, is often used to provide melodic accompaniment in Panthi dance. It helps create a harmonious atmosphere and supports the vocal elements of the performance.


The nagara, a large kettle drum, is sometimes used in Panthi dance to add a powerful and resonant percussion sound. It is played with sticks and produces deep and rhythmic beats.


Singing is an essential part of Panthi. The dancers and accompanying musicians often sing devotional and narrative songs in praise of Guru Ghasidas or depict stories from his life. The vocal elements enhance the storytelling aspect of the dance and create a vibrant atmosphere.

The music of dance is characterized by lively rhythms, energetic beats, and soulful vocals. The combination of instruments and vocals helps to create a lively and engaging atmosphere, setting the tone for the dancers’ movements and expressions. The music is deeply connected to the cultural and spiritual aspects of the dance form, portraying the devotion and reverence of the performers towards Guru Ghasidas and their traditions.



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