Pola is a traditional festival in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh, primarily by the farming and agricultural communities.
This festival is for the worship of bulls and is a way for farmers to express their gratitude to these animals for their hard work in the fields.
Here are some key details about the Pola festival:


Pola is typically on the day of the Pithori Amavasya, which falls in the Hindu month of Shravan (usually in August or September).


 The festival of Pola holds great significance for farmers and cattle rearers.

It is a way to honor and acknowledge the importance of bulls and bullocks in agricultural activities.


 The festival begins with the cleaning and decoration of bulls and bullocks.

They are also adorned with colorful ropes, flowers, and sometimes even jewelry.

Special care is taken to groom and feed them well on this day.


 Farmers perform various rituals to invoke blessings for the well-being and strength of their bulls. This includes applying vermilion (sindoor) on the foreheads of the animals, offering prayers, and performing aarti (a ritual of waving a lit lamp in front of the bull).

Bull Races and Competitions

In some regions of Chhattisgarh, bull races and competitions are organized as part of the Pola festival. These events are a major attraction and showcase the strength and agility of the bulls.

Community Celebrations

Pola is not just about individual celebrations but also involves community gatherings. Villagers come together, exchange greetings, and enjoy festive meals with dishes prepared from freshly harvested crops.

Cultural Activities

 Folk music and dances are an integral part of Pola celebrations.

People sing traditional songs and perform dances to celebrate the festival.

Agricultural Season

 Pola is at a time when the monsoon season is ending, and the sowing of winter crops is about to begin.

It marks the transition from one agricultural season to another.

Legend and Mythology

The Pola festival is to have its roots in Hindu mythology.

It is the story of Lord Krishna, who was known for his love for cows and bulls.

According to legends, Krishna and his friends used to decorate and worship the cows and bulls in their village of Vrindavan.

This tradition is to have inspired the Pola festival.

Bull Worship

 The centerpiece of the Pola festival is the worship of bulls and bullocks.

These animals are considered sacred and indispensable for farming activities.

Farmers believe that by performing rituals and adorning their bulls.

So, they will receive the blessings of Lord Shiva, who is the protector of cattle.


In the days leading up to Pola, farmers clean and decorate their bulls with great care. They often paint the horns of the bulls with bright colors and adorn them with garlands made of marigold flowers.

Role of Women

 Women also play a significant role in the Pola festival.

They are responsible for preparing special meals for the family and the bulls.

The meals often include traditional dishes from freshly harvested crops.

Cultural Performances

 Pola is a vibrant festival with cultural performances.

Folk dances of Chhattisgarh and music are an integral part of the celebrations. People gather in the village square to sing and dance, creating a festive atmosphere.

Bull Markets

 In some regions, special markets are for the Pola festival.

So, where cattle owners can buy and sell bulls and bullocks.

This adds an element of commerce to the festivities.

Community Bonding

Pola brings the community together. It’s a time for socializing, exchanging gifts, and strengthening bonds among neighbors and friends.

Prayers for Prosperity

 Farmers offer prayers during Pola, seeking the well-being and prosperity of their cattle and, by extension, their agricultural endeavors.

Modern Celebrations

 While the core traditions of Pola remain intact, the festival has also evolved with time.

In urban areas, it is with enthusiasm, even by people who may not be directly in agriculture.


Overall, Pola is a joyful and meaningful festival that highlights the deep connection between the people of Chhattisgarh and their cattle, recognizing their vital role in the agricultural economy and rural life of the region. It is a celebration of gratitude and a time to pray for a successful farming season ahead.

Pola is a festival that underscores the close relationship between farmers and their cattle in Chhattisgarh. It is a way for farmers to express their gratitude and seek blessings for a successful farming season ahead. The festival also promotes community bonding and cultural traditions in the region.




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