The Religions in Chhattisgarh

Like many other states in India, Chhattisgarh is characterised by a diverse religious landscape, with followers of various faiths coexisting.

The religious landscape of Chhattisgarh is rich with diversity.

Most of the locals adhere to indigenous religions that have their origins in the land and family history.

There are adherents of different world religions who live in harmony with these indigenous rituals; their diverse faiths enrich the spiritual tapestry of the state.

The religious diversity in Chhattisgarh highlights the peaceful coexistence of different faiths.

The major religions in Chhattisgarh include

Hinduism-Religions in Chhattisgarh

 Hinduism is the predominant religion in Chhattisgarh.

The majority of the population adheres to Hindu beliefs and traditions.

The state is home to various Hindu temples and festivals, and Hindu customs influence many cultural practices.

Since Hinduism is the most prevalent religion in Chhattisgarh, it has had a profound impact on the way the state is structured socially and culturally.

There are a lot of temples since Hindu deities like Durga, Shiva, Krishna, and Rama are revered.

The Bhoramdeo Temple, sometimes called the “Khajuraho of Chhattisgarh,” the Banjari Mata Temple near Dongargarh, and the Mahamaya Temple in Bilaspur are significant pilgrimage locations.

Celebrations of Holi, Diwali, Navratri, and Makar Sankranti, among others, sprinkle Hindu philosophy and rituals into daily life. Bastar Dussehra, Hareli, and Karma are just a few local holidays that showcase a special kind of religious harmony by combining Hindu rituals with traditional tribal beliefs.

Tribal Religions-Religions in Chhattisgarh

 A significant portion of the population in Chhattisgarh consists of various tribal communities, each with its own distinct cultural and religious practices. These tribal religions often involve animistic beliefs and a deep connection to nature.

The religious rituals of the several indigenous tribes that call Chhattisgarh home vary greatly. These include the Gond, Baiga, Bisonhorn Maria, and many more. Many indigenous peoples still adhere to long-established animistic religions, even if a small number of tribal communities are adopting Hindu rituals.

The indigenous faith places an inherent emphasis on the natural world, with sacred places designated for things like trees, rivers, and mountains. It is also common practice to ritually sacrifice animals as offerings to the deities or ancestral spirits of the village. The tribal people’s veneration for nature and their ancestors is shown in their folk songs, dances, deities, and agricultural festivals, which showcase their harmonious coexistence with the natural world.


Islam-Religions in Chhattisgarh

 Islam is practiced by a minority of the population, and there are Muslim communities in different parts of the state. Mosques and Islamic festivals contribute to the religious diversity of Chhattisgarh.

Because of the small but sizable Muslim population, Chhattisgarh has a thick tapestry of Islamic customs and culture. The numerous Sufi shrines spread out around the state, such as Ambikapur’s Jama Masjid, are evidence of the region’s significant Islamic influence dating back to mediaeval times. The region’s multi-religious fabric is forever enriched by the fervent celebrations of festivals connected to the Islamic lunar calendar, such as Eid-Ul-Fitr and Muharram.

Christianity-Religions in Chhattisgarh

Christianity has a presence in Chhattisgarh, with Christian communities found in some regions of the state. Churches and Christian institutions are established in areas with Christian populations.

During the colonial era, Christians from all walks of life, including tribal and non-tribal communities, spread over Chhattisgarh. A notable Christian convert community has emerged among the large tribal population, shaped by the education and services provided by missionary schools. Various churches, some little and others large, dot the landscape of Chhattisgarh. The Jagdalpur Church of St. Thomas is an important one among these. Major Christian holidays observed all year round include Christmas, Good Friday, and Easter.

Sikhism-Religions in Chhattisgarh

The multicultural atmosphere is enriched by the small but thriving Sikhism population in Chhattisgarh. An emblem of Sikh unity and culture is the Gurudwara Guru Singh Sabha in Raipur. Baisakhi and Guru Nanak Jayanti are two of the most joyous Sikh celebrations.


The small Jain population that resides there significantly impacts Chhattisgarh’s religious landscape. Ancient Jain temples such as the Bhand Dewal Temple in Arang, attest to the historical imprint of Jainism in the region. The main Jain festival, Mahavir Jayanti, is celebrated with great fervour and devotion.


Chhattisgarh has interesting historical ties to Buddhism, even if the religion isn’t practiced there much now. The archaeological remains at Sirpur reveal a side of Chhattisgarh’s history when Buddhism flourished, with old Buddhist sculptures and monasteries interspersed throughout.

Other Minorities

While the Sikh and Jain populations are relatively small, adherents of these religions are also present in Chhattisgarh. Additionally, there are followers of other minority religions contributing to the diversity of the state.


Religion, a social-cultural system of designated behaviours and practices, provides a sense of purpose and moral framework to its followers.

It is incredible how these religious beliefs and traditions play a key role in shaping the cultural, social, and even political identity of a region.

The Indian state of Chhattisgarh, renowned for its verdant landscapes and rich heritage, provides a fascinating case study in this regard, with a harmonious blend of religions each shaping the state’s socio-cultural landscape. This article sheds light on the practice of religion in Chhattisgarh, observing the unique facets and commonalities that unite its diverse population.

It’s important to note that the religious composition and practices in Chhattisgarh may vary across different regions and communities. The coexistence of multiple religions and the preservation of tribal traditions contribute to the cultural tapestry of the state.

People in Chhattisgarh belong to a wide variety of faiths. The majority of the population practices primitive religions. Many people also adhere to other long-standing faiths around the world. As a result of its rich cultural mosaic, Chhattisgarh is a place where people of many faiths live side by side.
Hindu23.25 percent
Mohammedan: 2.02%
“Christian” equals 1.92%
Sikh—0.27 percent
Buddhist 0.28%
Jain made up 0.24 percent
Unspecified 9.09%



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