Sengol has been a symbol of the transfer of power between kings in Indian history.


It was given at the time of the transfer of power from one king to another.

Sengol is a Tamil language word meaning “rich in wealth”.

The single (scepter) was used as a symbol of the transfer of power during the Chola reign in India.

This Sengol is also related to modern India.

Sengol’s Relation to Modern India and India’s Independence

Before independence, Lord Mountbatten asked Nehru how he wanted to become a symbol of independence.

After which Jawaharlal Nehru sought opinion in this regard from the last Governor-General of India, C. Rajagopalachari (Rajaji). After which Rajagopalachari studied mythological texts and told Nehru about a Tamil tradition when the state’s high priest (‘Rajguru’) presented a scepter called Sengol to the new king upon his accession.

C Rajagopalachari Nehru agreed to the suggestion and gave the responsibility of making arrangements to C. Rajagopalachari, who then approached the Thiruvaduthurai Adhanam, a Saivite monastery in Tamil Nadu. Sri La Sri Ambalavan Desika Swamigal, the 20th Gurumaha Sannithanam of the Math, accepted the responsibility and arranged for a gold scepter with a bull (‘Nandi’) on top to be made by a jeweler in the then Madras.

The cost of 15000 rupees was incurred.

Jawaharlal Nehru arranged a special aircraft for this occasion.

The seer sent his representative Sri La Sri Kumaraswamy Thambiran, the prayer priest at the Mutt called Manickam Odhuvar, and the Mutt’s nadhaswaram scholar, TN Rajarathinam Pillai, to New Delhi.

On August 14, 1945, at around 10:45 am the first Prime Minister Nehru accepted Sengol from the people of Tamil Nadu.

It marks the transfer of power from the British to the people of this country.

Why in the limelight?

Sengol will be placed next to the speaker’s seat in the new parliament building.

Sengol will be handed over to Prime Minister Narendra Modi on May 28, 2023, through due process.

The Union Home Minister further elaborated on Sengol.

“Sengol has a deep meaning.

The word “Sengol” is derived from the Tamil word “semmai”, meaning “righteousness”.

It is blessed by the chief adhinam (priests) of a prominent religious monastery in Tamil Nadu.

As the observer of ‘justice’, the hand-engraved Nandi sits atop it, watching with his unflinching gaze.

Most importantly, the person holding the Sengol has the ‘order’ (‘aanai’ in Tamil) to rule justly and fairly and this is what is most noteworthy – chosen to serve the people.

Those who have gone should never forget this.

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