The Shivnath River is a significant river in central India, flowing primarily through the states of Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh. It is one of the major tributaries of the Mahanadi River, one of the prominent river systems in India.

Key points about the Shivnath River that one of major rivers of Chhattisgarh

Location of Shivnath River

The River originates in the Maikal Hills of eastern Madhya Pradesh and flows eastward through Chhattisgarh before joining the Mahanadi River.


It receives several tributaries along its course, including the Jonk River and the Arpa River.

Length of Shivnath River

The length of the River is approximately 250 kilometers (155 miles).

Water Usage

The river is a vital source of water for both agricultural and industrial purposes in the region. It plays a significant role in the irrigation of farmlands in Chhattisgarh, which is known for its agricultural activities.

Ecological Significance

The River and its surrounding areas are ecologically important, with diverse flora and fauna. The riverbanks and the adjoining forests are home to various species of wildlife.

Cultural and Religious Significance

The river holds cultural and religious significance for the local population, and there may be temples and rituals associated with it along its course.

Dams and Reservoirs

To harness the river’s water resources, there are several dams and reservoirs built on its tributaries, including the Jonk Dam and the Arpa Dam.

The River, along with its tributaries, contributes to the water resources and agricultural productivity of the region it flows through. It is also an important part of the local culture and ecology.

Origin of Shivnath River

The origin of this river is in the 642m high Panabaras hill of Rajnandgaon district’s Ambagarh Tehsil.
This river flows a distance of 40km northwards from its origin towards the east to the border of the district in Shivrinarayan and finally meets the Mahanadi River.

The Shivnath River’s journey through this region is significant both ecologically and economically, and it has cultural importance as well, especially for the communities living along its banks.



the tributaries of the Shivnath river

River forms a catchment area of 3848 sq km in Rajnandgaon district and 22484 sq km in Durg district, with major tributaries including Half, Agar, Maniyari, Arpa, Leelagar, Khakhra, Kharun, Jamunia, and more.

The Shivnath River, a major tributary of the Mahanadi River in central India, receives several smaller rivers and streams along its course. Some of the notable tributaries of the Shivnath River include:

  1. Arpa River: The Arpa River is one of the significant tributaries of the Shivnath. It originates in the Kanker district of Chhattisgarh and flows southward before joining the River in the Dhamtari district.
  2. Jonk River: The Jonk River is another important tributary of the Shivnath. It originates in the Dhamtari district of Chhattisgarh and flows in a southeast direction before merging with the Shivnath River.

These tributaries contribute to the Shivnath’s water volume as it makes its way to eventually join the Mahanadi River. The combined flow of these rivers plays a crucial role in providing water resources for the region, particularly for agriculture and other activities.



The government of Madhya Pradesh sold the river to Radius Water Limited in 1998 amid local controversy.

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