State Emblem of Chhattisgarh

State Emblem of Chhattisgarh Adopted on

  4 September 2001 when Chhattisgarh state was formed from part of Madhya Pradesh.

State crop-State Emblem of Chhattisgarh

The main crop of the state is paddy 

So, among the symbols of abundant energy

The three colors of the national flag also outline the rivers of Chhattisgarh with waves.

State bird of Chhattisgarh

Bastar’s Hill Myna is the state bird of the state.

So, hill myna has been preserved in Kanger Valley National Park.

Hill Myna is mainly in Dantewada, Bijapur, Narayanpur, Kondagaon, Jagdalpur, etc. forest areas.

The Hill Myna (Grakcula Religiosa) of Bastar is the state bird of the state of Chhattisgarh.

It is mainly in Bastar.

But The existence of the hill myna is also endangered.

The mountain myna can speak like a parrot and imitate the voice exactly like a human, its very talent has become a threat to its existence.

But Special efforts are to stop its illegal trade and hunting.

More about Hill Myna

The scientific name of Hill Myna is Gracula Religiosa Peninsularis. 

Hill Myna are shiny jet black in color with a clearly visible white patch on the wings, yellow bill and legs, and bright orange-yellow patches of naked skin and wattles on the head.

The sexes are alike.


It is found in three distinct areas in India

In the Himalayan Foothills at about 2500 feet elevation from Almora to Assam.

Chota Nagpur (Jharkhand), Orissa, and Bastar Chhattisgarh.

The Western Ghats north to Mumbai.

Nesting Season

Nesting Season is from March to October.

Lays 2 or 3 eggs.



  State animal of Chhattisgarh

The state animal of the state is the buffalo.

The forest water buffalo is one of Chhattisgarh’s rare and endangered species.
The scientific name is Babulus Arnee.
At the beginning of the 20th century, this species was found in abundance in the area from Amarkantak to Bastar, but the population gradually declined.
Currently, the forest buffalo is mainly found in Indravati National Park and Udanti Game Reserve in the Dante Vada region. wild buffalo
The forest buffalo breeds found here are the purest, so the Chhattisgarh forest buffalo is of particular interest.
For this reason, the Chhattisgarh government has granted it the status of a national animal.
The crisis in their numbers has increased as hunting and human pressure on their habitats has increased. has disappeared.
The Chhattisgarh government is making special efforts to preserve it.
Among the rare and endangered wild animals of Chhattisgarh, the forest buffalo is prominent, at present the forest buffalo is confined to Udanti Sanctuary, Palmed Sanctuary, and Indravati National Park of Chhattisgarh.

Unlike bison, buffaloes enter the fields.

More About Wild Buffalo

Forest Water Buffalo is the official state animal of Chhattisgarh.

Water buffalos are usually in alluvial plains, grasslands, and marshes, though they may also be using woodlands for their shelter. 

They weigh somewhere between 600kg to 1200kg.

They are commonly in India, Bhutan, Nepal, Thailand, and Cambodia.

Breeding takes place all around the year, but especially between October to December.

Females typically produce one offspring (child buffalo) every two years.

The gestation period of this species lies between 10 to 11 months.

At the time of birth, the calves’ color is buff-brown.

The average lifespan of this animal around is 25 years.

They have scimitar-shaped horns, which may be 80 to 120 cm in width spreading.

According to Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and classified as Endangered (EN) by the IUCN (Schedule – I)

  State Tree of Chhattisgarh

Sal or Sarai is the state tree of Chhattisgarh.

The state government the Sal tree (Shorea Robusta) as the state tree.

Sal forest is in one-third of the forest area of ​​Chhattisgarh state.

Most of the year forests are in the Bastar district in Chhattisgarh.

For this reason, the Bastar district is the island of Sal forests.

Sal trees range in height from 12 to 30 meters.

The wood of this tree is timber.

They are Deciduous or semideciduous trees, up to 40 tall.

Flowering and Fruiting


Found in

It covers broad ranges from Terai to the Eastern Ghats through Vindhya and Satpura Ranges and covers the parts of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Andhra Pradesh.

Economic Importance

Wood has high timber value. The bark uses for tanning.

The Sal Tree yields an oleoresin or ‘Sal Dammar’ which is used as incense.

And also uses in paints and varnishes and for caulking boats.

It has been widely for hardening soft waxes for use in shoe polishes, and for making carbon papers and ribbons.

Tribals also occasionally use its leaves for wrapping tobacco and also making plates and cups.

Traditional Uses

Sal tree has a special significance in the festivals and marriages of the tribals.

It is amongst tribes that unless the bridegroom sits on the altar made of the Sal tree, the marriage is incomplete and has no meaning.





State Flower  of Lady’s Slipper

Lady’s Slipper is an orchid flower, the state flower of Arunachal Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.

Cypripedium reginae is one of the rare species of orchid flower in India.


The official language is Chhattisgarhi

Chhattisgarhi has got the status of the state language.

The Bill the Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly on 25 November 2007.

It states that Chhattisgarh along with the Hindi language is the language used for the official purposes of the state of Chhattisgarh.


State Song of Chhattisgarh

“Arpa Pairi Ke Dhaar” is the official State Song of Chhattisgarh.

Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel on 03/11/2019 announced at the Rajyotsava 2019 celebration here that the iconic Chhattisgarhi song was written by the late Dr Narendra Dev Verma. ‘Arpa Pairi Ke Dhaar, Mahanadi He Apaar’ will be the state’s official song.

Notification Issued – 18 November 2019.

Accordingly, the state song will be in all the important and significant government programs and events from the beginning.



1.15 min of duration for singing/recitation in public programs and meetings.

In this song, Four Rivers (Arpa, Pairi, Mahanadi, and Indravati) and Seven Districts (Sarguja, Raigarh, Bilaspur, Rajnandgaon, Durg, and Bastar) come.


अरपा पैरी के धार, महानदी हे अपार
इँदिरावती हा पखारय तोर पईयां
महूं पांवे परंव तोर भुँइया
जय हो जय हो छत्तीसगढ़ मईया

सोहय बिंदिया सहीं, घाट डोंगरी पहार
चंदा सुरूज बनय तोर नैना

सोनहा धाने के अंग, लुगरा हरियर हे रंग
तोर बोली हावय सुग्घर मैना
अंचरा तोर डोलावय पुरवईया
महूं पांवे परंव तोर भुँइया
जय हो जय हो छत्तीसगढ़ मईया

रयगढ़ हावय सुग्घर, तोरे मउरे मुकुट
सरगुजा अउ बिलासपुर हे बइहां
रयपुर कनिहा सही घाते सुग्घर फबय
दुरूग बस्तर सोहय पैजनियाँ
नांदगांव नवा करधनिया
महूं पांवे परंव तोर भुँइया
जय हो जय हो छत्तीसगढ़ मईया

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