The Sun Temple at Modhera, also known as the Modhera Sun Temple, is a Hindu temple of the solar deity Surya.
It is in the village of Modhera in the Mehsana district of Gujarat, India.
This temple is renowned for its architectural and historical significance, and it is one of the prominent sun temples in India.

Key features and information about the Sun Temple Modhera

Architecture of Sun Temple Modhera

 The temple was built in the 11th century during the reign of King Bhima I of the Chaulukya dynasty. It showcases stunning architectural features, with intricate carvings and detailed artwork. The temple is designed in a stepwell style and has three main components: the Surya Kund (a large rectangular stepped tank), the Sabha Mandap (assembly hall), and the Guda Mandap (sanctum sanctorum).

Surya Kund in Sun Temple Modhera

 The Surya Kund is a significant and visually striking part of the temple complex. It is a stepped tank with numerous beautifully carved pillars and niches. It was originally used for ritual bathing and is surrounded by more than 100 shrines dedicated to various deities.

Sabha Mandap in Sun Temple Modhera

 The assembly hall, or Sabha Mandap, is an intricately designed structure with numerous pillars and stunning sculptures. The hall was used for religious gatherings and performances.

Guda Mandap in Sun Temple Modhera

 The Guda Mandap is the sanctum sanctorum where the idol of the Sun god Surya used to be enshrined. The idol is no longer present, but the sanctum remains a place of reverence and meditation.

Carvings and Sculptures of Sun Temple Modhera

 The temple is adorned with detailed carvings and sculptures, depicting scenes from Hindu mythology, celestial beings, and intricate patterns. The intricate artwork showcases the skill and craftsmanship of the artisans of that era.


 The temple is precisely aligned to the east so that the first rays of the rising sun illuminate the sanctum on the equinoxes.

Historical Significance of Sun Temple Modhera

 The Sun Temple at Modhera is a testament to the architectural and artistic achievements of the Solanki dynasty, which ruled Gujarat during that period. It’s considered one of the finest examples of Hindu architecture in the country.

Current Status

 While the temple is no longer actively used for worship, it is a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). It attracts tourists, history enthusiasts, and art lovers from around the world.

The Modhera Sun Temple is an important cultural and historical site in Gujarat, showcasing the rich heritage and craftsmanship of ancient India. It’s a popular tourist destination and a must-visit for those interested in Indian history and architecture.



History of Modhera Sun Temple


The Modhera Sun Temple, also known as the Modhera Surya Mandir, is a significant Hindu temple in Gujarat, India, with a rich history. Here’s an overview of the history of the Modhera Sun Temple:

Construction and Patronage (11th Century) of Sun Temple Modhera

 The Modhera Sun Temple was built in the 11th century, during the reign of King Bhima I of the Chaulukya dynasty, also known as the Solanki dynasty. The Solankis were notable for their patronage of art, culture, and temple construction, and they were responsible for many architectural marvels in Gujarat, including the Modhera Sun Temple.

Dedication to Surya

 The temple is dedicated to the solar deity, Surya. In Hinduism, Surya is the god of the sun and is revered as a source of light, energy, and life.

Architectural Style of Sun Temple Modhera

 The temple is a classic example of the Solanki architectural style. It was also designed as a stepwell, which means it includes a large rectangular tank (Surya Kund) surrounded by a series of intricate carved pillars and smaller shrines.

Inscription and Chronology of Sun Temple Modhera

 An inscription also found on the temple wall suggests that the temple was consecrated in 1026-27 CE. This inscription also provides historical information about the king Bhima I and the circumstances of the temple’s construction.

Purpose and Use

 The Modhera Sun Temple also served as a place of worship and rituals during its early history. It was a center for cultural and religious activities, with devotees and priests performing various ceremonies in honor of the sun god Surya.

Decline and Neglect

However, Over the centuries, the temple fell into a state of disrepair, and its original purpose was no longer maintained.

It also suffered damage during invasions and conflicts.

Preservation and Restoration

 In the modern era, the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) took over the maintenance and preservation of the temple.

Extensive restoration work has been carried out to protect and showcase the temple’s architectural and historical significance.

Tourist Attraction

 Today, the Modhera Sun Temple is a popular tourist attraction, drawing visitors from all over the world who come to admire its architectural beauty and historical importance. The temple complex, with its intricate carvings, well-preserved stepwell, and the stunning Sabha Mandap, continues to be a place of cultural and artistic interest.

The Modhera Sun Temple stands as a testament to the architectural and artistic achievements of the Solanki dynasty in Gujarat and serves as a reminder of the rich cultural and religious history of the region. Its historical and architectural significance has made it a cherished heritage site in India.



The architecture of Sun Temple Modhera


The architecture of the Modhera Sun Temple is a remarkable example of ancient Indian temple design, specifically in the Solanki architectural style. Here are some key architectural features and elements of the Modhera Sun Temple:

Stepwell Design of Sun Temple Modhera

The Modhera Sun Temple is also designed in the form of a stepwell, where a large rectangular tank, known as the Surya Kund, is the central feature.

The steps of the kund lead down to the water level, and the temple complex is constructed around it. This design allowed for ritual bathing and ceremonies.

Surya Kund

 The Surya Kund is not just a functional tank but a work of art in itself. It is surrounded by intricately carved pillars, toranas (arches), and small shrines. These pillars and arches are adorned with detailed sculptures and carvings of various deities and celestial beings.

Sabha Mandap (Assembly Hall)

 The Sabha Mandap is a large, pillared hall located just before the main temple. It served as a place for religious gatherings, performances, and festivals. The hall is support system by ornate pillars, each featuring beautifully sculpted figures.

Guda Mandap (Sanctum Sanctorum)

 The Guda Mandap is the innermost sanctum of the temple, where the idol of the sun god Surya was originally enshrined. The sanctum is smaller in size compared to the Sabha Mandap but equally rich in architectural details.

Ornate Carvings and Sculptures

 The entire temple complex is with exquisite carvings and sculptures that depict scenes from Hindu mythology, including gods, goddesses, celestial dancers, and various motifs. These intricate carvings are a hallmark of Indian temple architecture.

Astronomical Alignment

 The temple precisely aligns to the east, so that during the equinoxes, the first rays of the rising sun illuminate the sanctum directly. This alignment is a testament to the temple’s connection with the sun god, Surya.

Stone Material

 The temple is primarily using local quarry sandstone. The stone has been intricately carved to create the temple’s decorative elements.

Solanki Architectural Style

 The Solanki dynasty, which ruled Gujarat during that period, is renowned for its architectural patronage.

The Modhera Sun Temple is a prime example of the Solanki style, which is its emphasis on intricate carving, ornate decoration, and sculptures.

Influence on Later Temples

 The architectural style of the Modhera Sun Temple had a significant influence on later temple architecture in Gujarat and nearby regions.

The Modhera Sun Temple is for its artistic and architectural excellence. It is a fine representation of the rich cultural and architectural heritage of ancient India, showcasing the craftsmanship and devotion of the artisans and rulers of the Solanki dynasty. Today, it stands as a protected monument and a significant tourist attraction, attracting visitors and art enthusiasts from around the world.



Modhera dance festival in Sun Temple Modhera


The Modhera Dance Festival, also known as the Modhera Utsav, is an annual cultural event held at the Sun Temple in Modhera, Gujarat, India. This festival is in the backdrop of the magnificent Sun Temple, and it features classical dance performances, music, and other cultural activities. The festival is a celebration of India’s rich cultural heritage and is a significant event in the state of Gujarat. Here are some key points about the Modhera Dance Festival:


 The festival takes place at the Sun Temple in Modhera, which is a stunning architectural marvel. The temple’s intricate carvings and design make it an ideal setting for cultural performances.


The Modhera Dance Festival is typically in January and coincides with the festival of Uttarayan or Makar Sankranti, a popular kite festival in Gujarat.

Cultural Performances

 The main highlight of the festival is classical dance performances. Renowned classical dancers and troupes from across India come to Modhera to showcase various classical dance forms, such as Bharatanatyam, Kathak, Odissi, and more.



 In addition to dance, the festival also features traditional music performances, including instrumental music and vocal recitals. Musicians and singers perform classical and folk music that adds to the cultural ambiance of the event.

Crafts and Art

 The festival often includes exhibitions of traditional arts and crafts, allowing visitors to purchase handcrafted items and gain insights into the region’s cultural heritage.

Food and Cuisine

 Visitors can enjoy local Gujarati cuisine and traditional dishes during the festival. Food stalls offer a variety of regional delicacies.

Lighting and Decoration

 The Sun Temple and its surroundings are beautifully illuminated during the festival, creating a magical ambiance in the evenings. The play of light on the temple’s intricate carvings is a sight to behold.

Tourism and Cultural Exchange

 The Modhera Dance Festival has become a major tourist attraction, drawing visitors from India and around the world. It also serves as a platform for cultural exchange, bringing together artists, performers, and art enthusiasts.

Promotion of Cultural Heritage

 The festival plays a vital role in promoting and preserving India’s cultural heritage. It encourages the continuation of classical arts and crafts and raises awareness about the importance of historical and architectural treasures like the Sun Temple.

The Modhera Dance Festival is a unique and vibrant celebration of India’s cultural diversity, showcasing the beauty of classical dance and music against the backdrop of a historically significant architectural monument. It allows both locals and tourists to experience the rich cultural tapestry of Gujarat and India as a whole.



The best time to visit Sun Temple Modhera


The best time to visit the Modhera Sun Temple and attend the Modhera Dance Festival in Gujarat, India, largely depends on your preferences for weather and the timing of the festival. Here are a few considerations:

Modhera Dance Festival 

 The Modhera Dance Festival is typically in January. If you specifically want to experience this festival and the cultural performances against the backdrop of the beautiful Sun Temple, then visiting during January is a must. The festival coincides with the festival of Uttarayan (Makar Sankranti), making it a particularly festive and vibrant time to be in the region.


 Gujarat experiences extreme temperatures during different seasons. If you prefer milder weather, it’s advisable to visit during the winter months, from November to February. This is when the weather is cooler and more pleasant for exploring the temple and attending the festival.

Avoiding Extreme Heat

 Gujarat can get very hot and dry during the summer months, from March to June. It’s best to avoid visiting during this period, as temperatures can soar, and it might be uncomfortable for outdoor activities.


 The monsoon season in Gujarat typically occurs from July to September. While this time can bring relief from the heat, it can also be quite humid and wet. Monsoon rains may affect your travel plans and outdoor activities.


 The Modhera Dance Festival is a popular event, and the Sun Temple can get a crowd during the festival. If you prefer a quieter experience, you may want to visit on days other than those of the festival itself.

In summary, if you want to experience the Modhera Dance Festival and the Sun Temple at its most vibrant and culturally rich, January is the best time to visit. However, if you prefer milder weather and a less crowded experience, consider visiting during the winter months, from November to February. It’s essential to plan your visit according to your preferences and the timing of the festival.



how to reach Sun Temple Modhera


Modhera is a small village in the Mehsana district of Gujarat, India. It is connections by road and is relatively close to major cities and transportation hubs. Here’s how to reach Modhera:


  • The nearest major airport is Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport in Ahmedabad, which is approximately 100 kilometers (62 miles) from Modhera. From the airport, you can hire a taxi or take a bus to reach Modhera.

By Train

  • The nearest railway station to Modhera is the Mehsana Junction, which is about 25 kilometers (15.5 miles) away. Mehsana Junction is connections to major cities in India, including Ahmedabad, Delhi, and Mumbai. From Mehsana, you can hire a taxi or take a local bus to reach Modhera.

By Road

  • Modhera is easily accessible by road. You can drive to Modhera from nearby cities or towns. It is located about 102 kilometers (63 miles) from Ahmedabad, which is the largest city in Gujarat.
  • You can also hire a taxi or use private transportation services to reach Modhera from nearby cities like Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar, and Mehsana.

Public Transportation

  • Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation (GSRTC) operates regular bus services to Modhera from cities and towns in Gujarat. You can check the GSRTC schedule and availability for bus services to Modhera.
  • Local auto-rickshaws and taxis are available for shorter journeys within the region.

Local Transportation

  • Modhera is a small village, and the Sun Temple is easily accessible on foot. It’s a short walk from the village center to the temple complex.

Please note that road conditions and transportation options may vary, so it’s a good idea to check for the latest information and plan your journey accordingly. Modhera is a popular tourist destination, and visiting the Sun Temple is a rewarding experience for those interested in history and architecture.



nearby attractions of Sun Temple Modhera


Modhera is a village in Gujarat, India, with a beautiful Sun Temple and the Modhera Dance Festival. While the Sun Temple is the primary attraction in Modhera, there are several other interesting places to visit nearby, making it a great destination for history and culture enthusiasts.

Here are some nearby attractions:

Rani Ki Vav (Queen’s Stepwell), Patan

 Located in the town of Patan, which is about 33 kilometers from Modhera, Rani Ki Vav is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It’s an intricate stepwell with stunning carvings and architecture.

The stepwell is for its ornate pillars and panels depicting various deities and mythological scenes.


 Besides Rani Ki Vav, Patan has several other historical sites, including Sahasralinga Talav (a reservoir with a thousand lingas), Jain temples, and the historical streets of the old town.


 Mehsana, which is approximately 25 kilometers from Modhera, is a city with a rich history and several cultural and historical sites.


 Gandhinagar, the capital of Gujarat, is around 65 kilometers from Modhera.

You can also explore the Akshardham Temple, the Indroda Nature Park, and the Swaminarayan Akshardham Water Show.


 The largest city in Gujarat, Ahmedabad, is about 100 kilometers from Modhera. It’s a hub of cultural, historical, and modern attractions. Some noteworthy places in Ahmedabad include the Sabarmati Ashram, the Adalaj Stepwell, the Kite Museum, the Calico Museum of Textiles, and various historic pols (neighborhoods).

Sun Temple in Katarmal, Uttarakhand

While it’s not exactly nearby, the Sun Temple in Katarmal, Uttarakhand, is another sun temple that bears some resemblance to the one in Modhera. If you’re exploring other sun temples, this could be an option, although it’s quite a distance away.

Gujarat’s Cultural Villages

 Gujarat is culturally diverse and there are several cultural villages and also craft centers in the region where you can experience the local way of life, art, and crafts.

Keep in mind that travel distances and conditions may vary, so it’s a good idea to plan your itinerary and check for any entry fees, timings, and the latest information on these attractions before your visit. Gujarat is a state with a rich cultural heritage, and exploring the nearby attractions can provide a more comprehensive cultural and historical experience.

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